Nisei male. Born December 22, 1925, in Tacoma, Washington. Grew up primarily on Vashon Island, Washington. Removed to the Pinedale Assembly Center and the Tule Lake concentration camp, Washington, later transferring to the Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Drafted into the army and served with the Military Intelligence Service. Worked for the U.S. Forest Service and eventually settled in Denver, Colorado.