Nisei male. Born February 4, 1927, in Seattle, Washington. Grew up in Seattle's Japantown area, where parents operated a hotel. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and the Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Left camp to attend school in Minnesota, was drafted, and trained in the Military Intelligence Service Language School. After World War II, worked as a transportation agent with the Department of Army Quartermaster Corps.