Toyoko Okumura Interview Segment 17

Father's family background (ddr-janm-13-6-1) - 00:02:55
Father's early life in the United States, mother's family background (ddr-janm-13-6-2) - 00:04:06
Recreational activities in Gardena, California (ddr-janm-13-6-3) - 00:01:35
Japanese community activities: obon, Japanese language school, Buddhist church (ddr-janm-13-6-4) - 00:03:05
Attending high school (ddr-janm-13-6-5) - 00:01:42
Typical days helping on the family farm (ddr-janm-13-6-6) - 00:03:26
Hearing about the bombing of Pearl Harbor: "It was really shocking" (ddr-janm-13-6-7) - 00:03:33
Brother's experiences with discrimination (ddr-janm-13-6-8) - 00:02:08
Having to leave pet dogs behind during mass removal (ddr-janm-13-6-9) - 00:02:19
Terrible conditions upon arrival at Santa Anita Assembly Center: "I thought we were coming to an end" (ddr-janm-13-6-10) - 00:05:45
The journey by train to Jerome, Arkansas (ddr-janm-13-6-11) - 00:02:46
Working in Jerome handling milk for infants in camp (ddr-janm-13-6-12) - 00:03:56
Father chooses to take family to Japan in response to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" (ddr-janm-13-6-13) - 00:04:19
Father's internment in a Department of Justice camp (ddr-janm-13-6-14) - 00:03:35
Transferring to Tule Lake: participating in group exercises in the mornings (ddr-janm-13-6-15) - 00:04:24
Father's removal from Tule Lake to Santa Fe, New Mexico (ddr-janm-13-6-16) - 00:04:26
Reunion with father and brother on ship to Japan (ddr-janm-13-6-17) - 00:06:25
Having to break off engagement (ddr-janm-13-6-18) - 00:03:11
Recruited to work for the U.S. military upon arrival in Japan (ddr-janm-13-6-19) - 00:04:39
Working in Japan (ddr-janm-13-6-20) - 00:02:43
Remaining in Japan for forty-one years with mother and sister (ddr-janm-13-6-21) - 00:04:20
Returning to the United States (ddr-janm-13-6-22) - 00:01:33
Moving to Denver, Colorado (ddr-janm-13-6-23) - 00:04:28
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Japanese American National Museum
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ddr-janm-13-6-17 (Legacy UID: denshovh-otoyoko-01-0017)

Reunion with father and brother on ship to Japan

00:06:25 — Segment 17 of 23

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July 6, 2008

Japanese American National Museum Collection

Japanese American National Museum Collection

Courtesy of the Japanese American National Museum

Japanese American National Museum
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ddr-janm-13-6

Toyoko Okumura

Toyoko Okumura Interview

01:21:19 — 23 segments

July 6, 2008

Denver, Colorado

Nisei female. Born October 14, 1916, in Gardena, California. Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, and the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas. In response to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire," transferred to Tule Lake segregation center with family, and expatriated to Japan. Worked in Japan for the U.S. government and a Japanese company. Remained in Japan until the 1980s, and returned to the U.S., eventually settling in Denver, Colorado. Toyoko Okumura passed away on April 29, 2010.

Tom Ikeda, interviewer; Dana Hoshide, videographer

Japanese American National Museum Collection

Courtesy of the Japanese American National Museum

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