Chizuko Norton Segment 20

Motivations for immigrating: family problems in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-73-1) - 00:05:00
Parents' family backgrounds in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-73-2) - 00:04:52
Living in Japan for several years as a child (ddr-densho-1000-73-3) - 00:04:16
Growing up in Bellevue and Kirkland, Washington (ddr-densho-1000-73-4) - 00:03:21
Feeling ashamed of being different; staying "Chizuko," resisting being given an "American" name (ddr-densho-1000-73-5) - 00:03:54
Issei acculturation, learning how to be more "American" (ddr-densho-1000-73-6) - 00:05:27
Parental teachings and values (ddr-densho-1000-73-7) - 00:03:53
Early memories of being ashamed of being different (ddr-densho-1000-73-8) - 00:03:28
Learning about puberty and sex education from parents (ddr-densho-1000-73-9) - 00:03:09
Moving to a different neighborhood (ddr-densho-1000-73-10) - 00:03:06
Description of family's greenhouse business (ddr-densho-1000-73-11) - 00:04:40
A positive high school experience (ddr-densho-1000-73-12) - 00:03:12
Early childhood memories, ashamed of being different (ddr-densho-1000-73-13) - 00:04:19
Supportive classmates after the bombing of Pearl Harbor (ddr-densho-1000-73-14) - 00:06:45
Prewar community activities (ddr-densho-1000-73-15) - 00:03:48
Burning family mementos and leaving the rest behind (ddr-densho-1000-73-16) - 00:05:09
Traveling to Pinedale Assembly Center, California: a dirty train ride (ddr-densho-1000-73-17) - 00:03:31
Difficulties of assembly center life as a teenager (ddr-densho-1000-73-18) - 00:03:46
Receiving high school diploma in camp (ddr-densho-1000-73-19) - 00:01:39
Keeping oneself occupied in Pinedale Assembly Center (ddr-densho-1000-73-20) - 00:02:09
Activities, but no "community" in Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-1000-73-21) - 00:04:45
Working in camp hospital (ddr-densho-1000-73-22) - 00:04:59
Dealing with illness in camp, mother's passing (ddr-densho-1000-73-23) - 00:03:21
Deciding whether to leave: family and the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" (ddr-densho-1000-73-24) - 00:08:16
Issues surrounding the so-called "loyalty questions" (ddr-densho-1000-73-25) - 00:01:48
The Kibei in Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-1000-73-26) - 00:04:36
Conflict within Tule Lake after it became a "segregation center" (ddr-densho-1000-73-27) - 00:04:03
Tule Lake as a "segregation center," memories of a particular family (ddr-densho-1000-73-28) - 00:03:58
Conditions in Tule Lake after it became a "segregation center" (ddr-densho-1000-73-29) - 00:07:21
Leaving camp, a scary and exciting time (ddr-densho-1000-73-30) - 00:03:39
Resettlement period, working as a "domestic" (ddr-densho-1000-73-31) - 00:03:02
The stigma surrounding being incarcerated at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-1000-73-32) - 00:04:32
Attending the University of Washington: "the best years of my life" (ddr-densho-1000-73-33) - 00:02:51
Interracial dating after the war (ddr-densho-1000-73-34) - 00:05:54
Resettlement period, work and school after the war (ddr-densho-1000-73-35) - 00:04:25
Encountering discrimination on the job (ddr-densho-1000-73-36) - 00:05:26
Parental teachings, raising a biracial child (ddr-densho-1000-73-37) - 00:03:57
Passing on the history of the incarceration (ddr-densho-1000-73-38) - 00:05:28
Impact of the incarceration on identity, raising Japanese American children as white (ddr-densho-1000-73-39) - 00:05:47
Impact of redress commission hearings, releasing the anger (ddr-densho-1000-73-40) - 00:02:24
Impact of the incarceration on health (ddr-densho-1000-73-41) - 00:07:52
Sharing the history, yet still being on guard (ddr-densho-1000-73-42) - 00:02:26
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ddr-densho-1000-73-20 (Legacy UID: denshovh-nchizuko-01-0020)

Keeping oneself occupied in Pinedale Assembly Center

00:02:09 — Segment 20 of 42

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April 27, 1998

Densho Visual History Collection

  • Pinedale
  • Densho

    Courtesy of Densho

    ddr-densho-1000-73

    Chizuko Norton

    Chizuko Norton Interview

    03:00:14 — 42 segments

    April 27, 1998

    Seattle, Washington

    Nisei female. Born July 3, 1924, in Seattle, Washington. Spent prewar childhood in Japan; Bellevue, Washington; and Kirkland, Washington. Incarcerated at Pinedale Assembly Center, California, and Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Returned to Seattle after the war, obtained master's degree from the University of Washington in the field of social work. Founded Seattle's first alternative school program for the Seattle Public Schools and cofounded the Separation and Loss Institute. One of the first Nisei in a biracial marriage. Discusses impact of incarceration on Japanese American health and cultural identity. Chizuko Norton passed away on March 2, 2013.

    Alice Ito, interviewer; Matt Emery, videographer

    Densho

    Courtesy of Densho

    API