Frank Sumida Interview Segment 1

Born in Chicago, Illinois (ddr-densho-1000-261-1) -
Father's work as a chef in Detroit (ddr-densho-1000-261-2) -
Description of mother (ddr-densho-1000-261-3) -
Losing older siblings to influenza; family moves to California (ddr-densho-1000-261-4) -
Early memories of living in Los Angeles (ddr-densho-1000-261-5) -
Getting into fights as an adolescent (ddr-densho-1000-261-6) -
Supportive teachers in school (ddr-densho-1000-261-7) -
Involvement in judo (ddr-densho-1000-261-8) -
Encounters with Japanese gangsters as a teenager (ddr-densho-1000-261-9) -
Description of prewar Los Angeles's gangster element (ddr-densho-1000-261-10) -
Learning to be self-sufficient growing up (ddr-densho-1000-261-11) -
Learning how to cook at an early age (ddr-densho-1000-261-12) -
Consequences of Pearl Harbor: losing father's restaurant business (ddr-densho-1000-261-13) -
Memories of a unique customer in family's restaurant (ddr-densho-1000-261-14) -
Involvement in a so-called "riot" while in assembly center (ddr-densho-1000-261-15) -
Working as a debt collector for an organized gambling operation in camp (ddr-densho-1000-261-16) -
Impressions of Heart Mountain (ddr-densho-1000-261-17) -
Father's choice to have family move to Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-18) -
Education disrupted by camp (ddr-densho-1000-261-19) -
Working as foreman of camp's gas station (ddr-densho-1000-261-20) -
Leaving camp temporarily to work (ddr-densho-1000-261-21) -
Transferring to Tule Lake (ddr-densho-1000-261-22) -
Memories of Tule Lake during martial law (ddr-densho-1000-261-23) -
Being warned to stay out of trouble at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-1000-261-24) -
Being transferred to Santa Fe (ddr-densho-1000-261-25) -
Thoughts on the pro-Japan groups (ddr-densho-1000-261-26) -
The Isseis' belief that Japan was winning the war (ddr-densho-1000-261-27) -
Conflicts at Tule Lake during the segregation period (ddr-densho-1000-261-28) -
Reunited with gangster boss at Santa Fe (ddr-densho-1000-261-29) -
Involvement with gambling on sumo tournaments (ddr-densho-1000-261-30) -
Expatriating to Japan ahead of family, going to family home (ddr-densho-1000-261-31) -
The journey by boat to Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-32) -
First impressions of Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-33) -
Reuniting with family in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-34) -
Witnessing the poor treatment of father's business partner (ddr-densho-1000-261-35) -
Finding a job with the U.S. military in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-36) -
Participating in the black market in occupied Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-37) -
Using cooking skills to find a job in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-38) -
Working as a supply officer for the U.S. military government (ddr-densho-1000-261-39) -
Meeting girlfriend in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-40) -
Losing job with the U.S. military government because of Japanese American ancestry (ddr-densho-1000-261-41) -
Inner workings of the black market (ddr-densho-1000-261-42) -
Continued involvement with gangster element in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-261-43) -
Reobtaining U.S. citizenship with the help of Wayne Collins (ddr-densho-1000-261-44) -
Deciding to return to the United States (ddr-densho-1000-261-45) -
Returning to the U.S.: a difficult decision (ddr-densho-1000-261-46) -
Reflections (ddr-densho-1000-261-47) -
Free to use This object is offered under a Creative Commons license. You are free to use it for any non-commercial purpose as long as you properly cite it, and if you share what you have created.

Learn more...

ddr-densho-1000-261-1 (Legacy UID: denshovh-sfrank-01-0001)

Born in Chicago, Illinois

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

00:01:47 — Segment 1 of 47

Previous segment Next segment

September 23, 2009

Densho Visual History Collection

Densho

Courtesy of Densho

ddr-densho-1000-261

Frank Sumida

Frank Sumida Interview

04:22:36 — 47 segments

September 23, 2009

Los Angeles, California

Nisei male. Born August 10, 1925, in Chicago, Illinois. Grew up primarily in Los Angeles, California, where parents ran a restaurant. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, removed to the Santa Anita assembly Center, California, where he participating in running an organized gambling operation. Moved briefly to Heart Mountain concentration camp, Wyoming, before being sent to Tule Lake, California, after signing the so-called "loyalty questionnaire." Transferred to the Santa Fe Department of Justice internment camp, New Mexico. Upon wishes of parents, renounced U.S. citizenship and expatriated to Japan. Worked for the military government during the U.S. occupation of Japan. Eventually regained U.S. citizenship and returned to the United States.

(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)

Tom Ikeda, interviewer; Barbara Takei, interviewer; Dana Hoshide, videographer

Densho

Courtesy of Densho

API