Join Densho for an inspiring evening of community, remembrance and solidarity! The Densho Dinner @ Home online event will be held on Saturday, October 24 at 5pm PDT. Registration is free — more details at:

Elaine Ishikawa Hayes Interview I Segment 41

Father's family background: immigration to U.S. as a high school student (ddr-densho-1000-157-1) - 00:10:17
Mother's background: highly educated teacher in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-157-2) - 00:12:27
Parents' marriage in Japan (ddr-densho-1000-157-3) - 00:04:53
Family's prewar life in Chico, California (ddr-densho-1000-157-4) - 00:11:01
Establishment of the Nihonjinkai, or Japanese community association (ddr-densho-1000-157-5) - 00:07:36
Moving to Sacramento as a child, adjusting to life there (ddr-densho-1000-157-6) - 00:11:20
Speaking Japanese as a first language (ddr-densho-1000-157-7) - 00:06:56
Description of childhood neighborhood (ddr-densho-1000-157-8) - 00:05:57
Participating in church activities (ddr-densho-1000-157-9) - 00:06:38
(ddr-densho-1000-157-10) - 00:08:06
Memories of family's coping with the Great Depression (ddr-densho-1000-157-11) - 00:09:09
Father becomes ill with tuberculosis (ddr-densho-1000-157-12) - 00:10:39
Caring for sisters and coping with their medical conditions (ddr-densho-1000-157-13) - 00:13:13
Description of sister's tragic car accident (ddr-densho-1000-157-14) - 00:10:21
First encounter with discrimination (ddr-densho-1000-157-15) - 00:12:31
Thoughts about future plans while in high school (ddr-densho-1000-157-16) - 00:07:30
Choosing college over marriage (ddr-densho-1000-157-17) - 00:02:39
Activities upon graduating from high school (ddr-densho-1000-157-18) - 00:06:58
Hearing about the bombing of Pearl Harbor (ddr-densho-1000-157-19) - 00:07:44
Some awareness of political climate before the bombing of Pearl Harbor (ddr-densho-1000-157-20) - 00:03:23
Mother's role providing aid to community members during the Depression (ddr-densho-1000-157-21) - 00:13:17
Mood in the community following the bombing of Pearl Harbor (ddr-densho-1000-157-22) - 00:09:45
Writing a term paper about ethnicity following the bombing of Pearl Harbor (ddr-densho-1000-157-23) - 00:10:09
Reactions upon receiving exclusion orders (ddr-densho-1000-157-24) - 00:07:14
Memories of "evacuation day" (ddr-densho-1000-157-25) - 00:05:53
(ddr-densho-1000-157-26) - 00:07:16
Memories of assembly center at Walerga (ddr-densho-1000-157-27) - 00:07:26
Living conditions in assembly center: six in one room (ddr-densho-1000-157-28) - 00:03:54
(ddr-densho-1000-157-29) - 00:03:49
The journey to Tule Lake (ddr-densho-1000-157-30) - 00:05:47
Working for the recreation department in camp (ddr-densho-1000-157-31) - 00:05:20
Role of the recreation department (ddr-densho-1000-157-32) - 00:11:05
Holidays in camp: "Christmas was very emotional" (ddr-densho-1000-157-33) - 00:12:15
Thinking about the future while in camp (ddr-densho-1000-157-34) - 00:02:11
Leaving camp to attend a YWCA conference (ddr-densho-1000-157-35) - 00:12:11
(ddr-densho-1000-157-36) - 00:04:44
Visiting Minidoka camp on the way back from conference (ddr-densho-1000-157-37) - 00:07:50
Receiving visitors in camp (ddr-densho-1000-157-38) - 00:03:08
Remembering camp reaction to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" (ddr-densho-1000-157-39) - 00:11:51
Family's and friends' reactions to the so-called "loyalty questionnaire" (ddr-densho-1000-157-40) - 00:06:05
Turmoil in camp: harassment of those seen as too close to the camp administration (ddr-densho-1000-157-41) - 00:08:55
Getting permission to leave camp for Illinois (ddr-densho-1000-157-42) - 00:06:44
Living and working in Illinois (ddr-densho-1000-157-43) - 00:06:35
Attending another conference while still in camp (ddr-densho-1000-157-44) - 00:12:30
Attending college in Milwaukee (ddr-densho-1000-157-45) - 00:08:59
Moving to Chicago to find work (ddr-densho-1000-157-46) - 00:07:00
Family's experiences leaving camp (ddr-densho-1000-157-47) - 00:10:23
Mother's work at the Indian Boarding School (ddr-densho-1000-157-48) - 00:06:14
Mother's and sisters' experiences after leaving camp (ddr-densho-1000-157-49) - 00:13:30
Working for the Preferred Insurance Company (ddr-densho-1000-157-50) - 00:09:48
(ddr-densho-1000-157-51) - 00:04:37
(ddr-densho-1000-157-52) - 00:04:36
Working for the American Council on Race Relations (ddr-densho-1000-157-53) - 00:08:08
Gauging the tone of race relations in the U.S. (ddr-densho-1000-157-54) - 00:10:34
Meeting future husband, Ralph Hayes (ddr-densho-1000-157-55) - 00:03:49
Mother's acceptance of interracial dating (ddr-densho-1000-157-56) - 00:10:26
Thoughts on being involved in an interracial relationship (ddr-densho-1000-157-57) - 00:09:00
Perception of relationship by the African American community (ddr-densho-1000-157-58) - 00:13:54
Free to use This object is offered under a Creative Commons license. You are free to use it for any non-commercial purpose as long as you properly cite it, and if you share what you have created.

Learn more...

ddr-densho-1000-157-41 (Legacy UID: denshovh-helaine-01-0041)

Turmoil in camp: harassment of those seen as too close to the camp administration

00:08:55 — Segment 41 of 58

Previous segment Next segment

May 12 & 13, 2004

Densho Visual History Collection


Courtesy of Densho


Elaine Ishikawa Hayes

Elaine Ishikawa Hayes Interview I

07:56:10 — 58 segments

May 12 & 13, 2004

Seattle, Washington

Nisei female. Born June 30, 1923, in Willows, California. Grew up in Sacramento, California, prior to World War II. During the war, was removed to the Sacramento Assembly Center, California, and the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Left camp to attend college in Wisconsin, and later moved to Chicago, Illinois. Post-World War II, was active in many civic organizations such as the American Council on Race Relations. Later moved to Seattle, Washington, and worked for CAMP, the Central Area Motivation Program, the Model Cities program, and Public Health.

Alice Ito, interviewer; John Pai, videographer


Courtesy of Densho