Various materials from Topaz, Redress, the National Coalition for Redress and Reparations (NCRR), and the Japanese American Citizens' League (JACL) by Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima. Kitashima was born in Hayward, California in 1918. Her and her family were among the 120,000 Japanese Americans forcefully interned in war relocation camps during World War Two. They were first taken to a temporary assembly center in Tanforan, California and then relocated to the Topaz Incarceration Camp in Utah. After the war, Kitashima was on the front line fighting for redress. She became a well-known activist and a spokesperson for the NCRR. With her help, the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 was passed which called for the formal apology of the American government to the Japanese Americans as well as compensation of $20,000 for every surviving internee.
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43 objects pertaining to the Topaz Incarceration Camp, Japanese American Redress, the National Coalition for Redress and Reparations, and the Japanese American Citizens' League.
Japanese American National Museum
Courtesy of the Japanese American National Museum (2003.123)