Pre-World War II service

Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, approximately 5,000 Japanese Americans were already in the U.S. Army, most having been drafted. When war broke out, some Nisei soldiers were discharged, while others were placed in noncombat positions at Camp Robinson, Arkansas. Still others were overlooked by the military bureaucracy and continued in their positions. During this chaotic time, all other Nisei were reclassified 4-C, the status of "enemy alien," and therefore became ineligible for the draft.

Pre-World War II service (45)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Fighting for Tomorrow: Japanese Americans in America's Wars (exhibition), Samuel Wilder King, Tokutaro Slocum, Walter Tsukamoto

45 items
Selective Service training (ddr-densho-114-96)
img Selective Service training (ddr-densho-114-96)
Original caption: Selective Service man of Japanese ancestry proudly looks over his daily rifle score record. Reception Center, Hawaii. [According to Robert Sato, this photo was taken before 1941.]
Harry Umeda Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1014-10-9)
vh Harry Umeda Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1014-10-9)
Drafted in 1941, separated with other Nisei soldiers and sent to the infantry
Harvey Watanabe Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1008-5-10)
vh Harvey Watanabe Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1008-5-10)
Removal and evacuation of Japanese American servicemen

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

George Koshi Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1008-1-5)
vh George Koshi Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1008-1-5)
Drafted into the army

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-45-15)
vh Takashi Matsui Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-45-15)
Being drafted when the U.S. military was refusing Japanese American volunteers
Hiro Nishimura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-237-15)
vh Hiro Nishimura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-237-15)
Serving in the army as part of a segregated group of Japanese Americans
George Morihiro Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-182-12)
vh George Morihiro Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-182-12)
Brother's serving in the military prior to the bombing of Pearl Harbor
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-151-312)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-151-312)
Original caption: Florin, California. This American soldier of Japanese ancestry is shown at the railroad station of a small town in an agricultural community. He and nine other service men of Japanese ancestry received furloughs to enable them to come home to assist their families get ready for evacuation from their west coast homes. He is ...
Soldier and mother (ddr-densho-151-45)
img Soldier and mother (ddr-densho-151-45)
Original WRA caption: Florin, Sacramento County, California. A soldier and his mother in a strawberry field. The soldier, age 23, volunteered July 10, 1941, and is stationed at Camp Leonard Wood, Missouri. He was furloughed to help his mother and family prepare for their evacuation. He is youngest of six years children, two of them volunteers ...
Selective Service training (ddr-densho-114-83)
img Selective Service training (ddr-densho-114-83)
Original caption: Selective Service man of Japanese ancestry learns to "hold and squeeze" - Reception Center, Hawaii. [According to Robert Sato, this photo was taken before 1941.]
Tadashi Kanemoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-11)
doc Tadashi Kanemoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-11)
Oral history interview with Tadashi Kanemoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KANEMOTO_TADASHI
Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
doc Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
Oral history interview with Mamoru Masuda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASUDA_MAMORU
World War I soldier (ddr-densho-109-106)
img World War I soldier (ddr-densho-109-106)
The man on the left, Henry Matsumoto Jr., was the only person of Japanese descent in the U.S. Navy during World War I.
George Azumano Interview Segment 12 (ddr-one-7-32-12)
vh George Azumano Interview Segment 12 (ddr-one-7-32-12)
Being drafted into the army before the bombing of Pearl Harbor

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Ben Kuroki - Shige Kuroki Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-21-3)
vh Ben Kuroki - Shige Kuroki Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-21-3)
Reasons for wanting to fly a B-29 in combat, the only Japanese American to do so

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically ...

George Koshi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1008-1-14)
vh George Koshi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1008-1-14)
Writing to father while in the service

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Bill Thompson Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-90-12)
vh Bill Thompson Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-90-12)
Hawaiian Japanese Americans rush to volunteer for service after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic ...

Chester and Akiko Lillian Sasashima (ddr-csujad-8-97)
doc Chester and Akiko Lillian Sasashima (ddr-csujad-8-97)
Oral history interview with Chester and Akiko Lillian Sasashima. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sasashima, Chester and Lillian
Letter from Cedrick M. Shimo to the Office of Redress Admnistration [Administration], December 4, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-73)
doc Letter from Cedrick M. Shimo to the Office of Redress Admnistration [Administration], December 4, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-73)
A letter from Cedrick Shimo to the Office of Redress Administration arguing that Manabi Matoba is entitled to a redress payment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_05_007
George S. Matsui Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-2-4)
vh George S. Matsui Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1008-2-4)
Basic training and reconnaissance training as an early draftee

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

George S. Matsui Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-2-3)
vh George S. Matsui Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1008-2-3)
Drafted into the army in early 1941

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

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