442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (838)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1600)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1600 items
Sadaichi Kubota Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-40-17)
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Taking on leadership of the squad: gaining the acceptance of unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the …

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-40-14)
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Description of Camp Shelby, Mississippi

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World War …

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Brothers' decision to join different units

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World …

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-40-27)
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The difficult responsibilities of an officer

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World …

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Admiration develops for the 100th Infantry Battalion

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during …

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Respect for the Nazi soldiers' dedication

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World …

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Willingness to do anything to win the battle

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service …

Mitsuye May Yamada - Joe Yasutake - Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 74 (ddr-densho-1000-135-74)
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Tosh enlists the help of a family friend to tell mother of decision to volunteer for the military
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Landing in Naples

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World War II.

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The first day of fighting

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World War …

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Description of fighting: accuracy of the artillery unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service …

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Creative thinking leads to army promotion

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World …

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Thoughts while en route to fight in Europe

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service …

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A battlefield commission

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World War II.

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Continuing responsibility to the men in platoon

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during …

Masao Watanabe Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-103-29)
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Closeness of soldiers of the 442nd

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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Description of weaponry

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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Some fond memories of experiences in Europe

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-103-33)
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Feelings on high casualties suffered

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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Breaking the Gothic Line: a surprise attack

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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Description of role in platoon

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-103-21)
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Remembering fellow soldier, Shiro Kashino

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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Getting along with soldiers from Hawaii

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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A dangerous assignment on difficult terrain

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-103-24)
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Maintaining close ties with fellow soldiers from Seattle

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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