442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (620)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1543 items
img "Satoshi Tsuchida" (ddr-densho-201-269)
Japanese American soldier resting a bayonet on the ground. Caption on front: "Satoshi Tsuchida."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-489)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-489)
Caption in album: "Thomas Kobayakawa / Hawaii."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-492)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-492)
Caption in album: "Joe Sakamoto / California."
Soldier opening boxes (ddr-densho-201-372)
img Soldier opening boxes (ddr-densho-201-372)
Soldier opening boxes in front of a tent. Caption on front: "Kiyoshi Sanuki Los Angeles."
Florence American Cemetery (ddr-densho-201-781)
img Florence American Cemetery (ddr-densho-201-781)
Caption in album: "Aug. 19, 1946 / Castelfiorentino, Italy / Hisashi (WA) & Masaru Tamura."
Soldiers at ship's rail (ddr-densho-201-144)
img Soldiers at ship's rail (ddr-densho-201-144)
Japanese American soldiers standing at the rail of a ship. Caption on front: "Sanuki, Tamura, Kodama."
Soldiers getting an autograph (ddr-densho-201-554)
img Soldiers getting an autograph (ddr-densho-201-554)
Caption in album: "USO Show / Went to see U.S.O. show in Milan Italy / Autograph please."
Rest area near Carrara (ddr-densho-201-586)
img Rest area near Carrara (ddr-densho-201-586)
Caption in album: "Remember? / Rest area near Carrara / 1945 - April Italy."
img "442nd Bows Out in 'Blaze of Glory' 1946, Livorno, Italy." (ddr-densho-201-396)
Soldiers marching in formation. Caption on front: "442nd Bows Out in 'Blaze of Glory' 1946, Livorno, Italy."
Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-271)
img Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier (ddr-densho-201-271)
Signed portrait of Japanese American soldier. Signature on front: "To Mas-- a pal, John." Caption on front: "John Tanaka."
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