442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
442nd soldiers in chow line (ddr-densho-22-29)
img 442nd soldiers in chow line (ddr-densho-22-29)
Caption in album: "At times during the war we were lucky to have U.S.O. units come up to entertain us. We saw little fun as 7 days a week 24 hours a day we were on the go with little rest. Here a U.S.O. troupe forms a chow dish out line as we get our few ...
442nd snowed in (ddr-densho-22-45)
img 442nd snowed in (ddr-densho-22-45)
Caption in album: "Snow is inocent [sic] and has beauty but it acts also as a blanket or carpet. A carpet covers many things. Such as mines and obstacles. It also made roads impossible as roads on mountain sides have snow drifts, slides and snow blockades. We had to make detours. As snow melts there is ...
Instructions for reporting (ddr-densho-22-91)
doc Instructions for reporting (ddr-densho-22-91)
"Instructions for enlisted men granted delay enroute prior to reporting to AGF Replacement Depot No. 1, Fort George G. Meade, Maryland."
Guards on outpost (ddr-densho-22-73)
img Guards on outpost (ddr-densho-22-73)
Caption in album: "Here is T/5 Jim Umamoto on outpost."
Clarence Matsumura in Germany (ddr-densho-22-95)
img Clarence Matsumura in Germany (ddr-densho-22-95)
Caption on reverse: "Pfc. Clarence Matsumura / Just relaxing in the snow / Aschelding, Germany / May 1, 1945 / Photo by: Nobuo Takamori."
Notification of a Nisei's induction into the military (ddr-densho-25-50)
doc Notification of a Nisei's induction into the military (ddr-densho-25-50)
Letter from the chaplain of the 12th training Regiment at Camp Robinson, Arkansas, to Matahichi Iseri. The letter describes Camp Robinson, where his son, Mitsuo (Mike), had been sent for military training. On January 23, 1942, the government decided to send Japanese American soldiers who were still in service to special camps in Arkansas and Alabama. ...
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-34-33)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-34-33)
Left to right: Mo Nakata (backseat), unidentified, and Staff Sergeant Takeshi Nakamura.
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-321)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-321)
Various articles from the Minidoka Irrigator, one of which is titled "A Tribute: To Nisei Volunteers."
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
Various articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "Work of Nisei Paramount in Defense."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-318)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-318)
Article titled: "Blind Nisei." From a scrapbook page titled "Nisei in the War - The European Theater." Newspaper unknown.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-331)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-331)
Articles on Japanese American soldiers from various newspapers including the Christian Science Monitor and the Minidoka Irrigator.
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Nisei War Casualties" (ddr-densho-35-334)
This scrapbook page includes articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Minidoka Irrigator.
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Is This Democracy?" (ddr-densho-35-404)
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page, one of which is titled "Soldier Declares GIs Demand Working Rights for Nisei."
Preinduction physical (ddr-densho-37-1)
img Preinduction physical (ddr-densho-37-1)
Original WRA caption: Pre-induction physical. The Minidoka incarceration camp produced more Japanese American military volunteers than any other camp.
Officer and Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-18)
img Officer and Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-18)
Original WRA caption: A Japanese-American unit moves out of its old command post. The unit--Company F, 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team)--is holding a section of the front lines. St. Die area, France. 11/13/44.
Nisei soldiers escorting captured Germans (ddr-densho-37-21)
img Nisei soldiers escorting captured Germans (ddr-densho-37-21)
Original caption: "German storm troopers surrender to rifleman of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Americans of Japanese ancestry), after a short but rather sharp exchange of fire. Fifth Army, Orciano area, Italy, July 15, 1944. According to Rudy Tokiwa, the soldier shown on the extreme right, the WRA caption is inaccurate. The captured Germans were not storm ...
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