442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (620)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1543 items
Soldier aiming a rifle (ddr-densho-201-64)
img Soldier aiming a rifle (ddr-densho-201-64)
Japanese American soldier standing on a balcony aiming a rifle. Inscription on front: "To Mas From Mita Sakurada."
Sailor and soldier (ddr-densho-201-58)
img Sailor and soldier (ddr-densho-201-58)
Two men outside the front door of a house, one in a sailor's uniform, one in an army uniform. Caption on reverse: "Taken when the boy[s] were home at xmas time."
Soldiers and civilian on commercial street (ddr-densho-201-159)
img Soldiers and civilian on commercial street (ddr-densho-201-159)
Three Japanese American soldiers and one Japanese American man in civilian attire walking down a commercial street.
Soldier on telephone with rifle (ddr-densho-201-42)
img Soldier on telephone with rifle (ddr-densho-201-42)
Japanese American man sitting in a watchtower on the telephone, a rifle leaning against the wall beside him.
Portrait of smiling soldier (ddr-densho-201-66)
img Portrait of smiling soldier (ddr-densho-201-66)
Hexagonal portrait of a smiling Japanese American soldier.
Soldier smoking (ddr-densho-201-506)
img Soldier smoking (ddr-densho-201-506)
Caption in album: "Akira Washio / 'Wa Hoo' / California."
Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-536)
img Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-536)
Caption in album: "Hiroshi Shikuma / Watsonville Cal."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-507)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-507)
Caption in album: "Motomi Shigeta / Hawaii."
Soldiers relaxing on the beach (ddr-densho-201-635)
img Soldiers relaxing on the beach (ddr-densho-201-635)
Caption in album: "Pen Beach / Nakano (Seattle), Sak. (Auburn), Ogura (Oklahoma), Tateoka (Ogden Utah)."
Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-204)
img Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-204)
Three Japanese American soldiers posed in front of mountains with a boy in overalls in the background.
img "Uyeda, Uyemura, Kengi" (ddr-densho-201-286)
Four Japanese American soldiers crouched on the ground. Caption on front: "Uyeda, Uyemura, Kengi."
img "Fort Snelling Cooks" (ddr-densho-201-312)
Five men in cook's uniforms. Caption on front: "Fort Snelling Cooks."
img "Steak dinner chow line" (ddr-densho-201-143)
Soldiers in line for dinner. Caption on reverse: "Steak dinner chow line - at Camp Kilmer N.J. Sept. 14, 1946."
img "Unloading at Camp Kilmer" (ddr-densho-201-142)
Soldiers disembarking from a train. Caption on front: "Unloading at Camp Kilmer." Caption on reverse: "Camp Kilmer N.J."
Soldiers looking at the Rock of Gibraltar (ddr-densho-201-821)
img Soldiers looking at the Rock of Gibraltar (ddr-densho-201-821)
Caption on front: "Rock of Gibraltar." Soldiers on a ship taking them back to the United States.
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