442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Military battalion taking a break on the Autobahn (ddr-densho-22-40)
img Military battalion taking a break on the Autobahn (ddr-densho-22-40)
Caption in album: "On the Auto Bahn [sic] taking '10' a breather. A machine gun mount can be seen in the open weapon carrier used in cases of a strafing where German planes attack from above. In caravans are jeeps, 4x4, 4x6, 6x6, command car, [?], half tracks. In a battalion we had about 600 men about ...
442nd soldiers cleaning up after a meal (ddr-densho-22-33)
img 442nd soldiers cleaning up after a meal (ddr-densho-22-33)
Caption in album: "After the chow we wash our own meal cans. Our mess gear is made up of canteen cup, meal can, knife, fork and spoon. The heated water heated by kerosene burners set up by the mess crew. Each Battery has a mess crew each feeding about 1[?]5 men."
442nd snowed in (ddr-densho-22-44)
img 442nd snowed in (ddr-densho-22-44)
Caption in album: "Snow is inocent [sic] and has beauty but it acts also as a blanket or carpet. A carpet covers many things. Such as mines and obstacles. It also made roads impossible as roads on mountain sides have snow drifts, slides and snow blockades. We had to make detours. As snow melts there is ...
Nisei soldier and child (ddr-densho-34-3)
img Nisei soldier and child (ddr-densho-34-3)
Harry Koba, a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and an unidentified child in Italy.
Newspaper article from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-319)
doc Newspaper article from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-319)
Newspaper article titled: "G.I. Japyank." Newspaper unknown.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-390)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-390)
Newspaper clippings from the Seattle Times, one of which is titled "'Fight for Your Rights,' Wirin Tells JACL Group at Conference."
President Truman reviewing the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (ddr-densho-37-837)
img President Truman reviewing the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (ddr-densho-37-837)
Original caption: Photograph of President Truman walking past members of the Nisei 442nd Regimental Combat Team as they stand at attention on the Ellipse.