"Enemy alien" classification
"Enemy alien" classification
doc List of regulations specifying conduct to be observed by "alien enemies" (ddr-densho-25-20)
Matahichi Iseri, considered a "dangerous enemy alien," was arrested on Dec. 7, 1941, and imprisoned in the Department of Justice internment camp at Fort Missoula, Montana. During the war, enemy aliens were not allowed to own contraband articles such as weapons, signal devices, and cameras. They were required to carry certificates of identification at all times, ...
doc Alien's leave permit (ddr-densho-25-34)
In April 1943, Matahichi Iseri and his family were granted permits to leave the Tule Lake concentration camp to go to Weiser, Idaho, as part of the seasonal work leave program. Because he was an Issei, Matahichi Iseri had to apply for a special permit.
doc Letter regarding parole conditions (ddr-densho-25-55)
This letter informed Matahichi Iseri that under the conditions of his parole, he was barred from returning to the West Coast.
doc Notice of classification (ddr-densho-34-127)
Yoshito Frank Kitamoto was an Issei and therefore considered an "enemy alien." He was required to carry this classification card along with his registration certificate. By law, Issei were not allowed to become naturalized citizens until 1952.
doc Plans For Evacuating Aliens Told (February 23, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-644)
The Seattle Daily Times, February 23, 1942, pp. 1, 4
doc Enemy Alien' Brand Should Be Removed Very Carefully (October 23, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-853)
The Seattle Daily Times, October 23, 1942, p. 6
doc Reregistry of Aliens Here Set (January 14, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-576)
The Seattle Daily Times, January 14, 1942, p. 11
doc Aliens Here to Have Hearings (December 15, 1941) (ddr-densho-56-551)
The Seattle Daily Times, December 15, 1941, p. 21
doc County Officers Ask Alien Ban (February 7, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-606)
The Seattle Daily Times, February 7, 1942, p. 3
doc No Exceptions in Alien Removal, Says War Dept. (February 3, 1942) (ddr-densho-56-596)
The Seattle Daily Times, February 3, 1942, p. 15
doc Alien Property Seized On Coast (February 25, 1944) (ddr-densho-56-1030)
The Seattle Daily Times, February 25, 1944, p. 24
doc Many Japanese Leave City for Montana Prison. At Least 80 of 119 Arrested Belived Confined at Fort Missoula. (December 29, 1941) (ddr-densho-56-564)
The Seattle Daily Times, December 29, 1941, p. 1
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
"Center Blaze Sufferers Get Loss Claims" (p. 1), "Nisei War Memorial Army Raises $1,623 Here" (p. 1), "Union Membership Sought for Issei" (p. 2), "Fights Seizure of Alien's Land for War Claims" (p. 4).
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2027 (January 26, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-3)
Selected article titles: "I. Magnin, Joseph Magnin Urging Kenzo Label Change" (p. 1), "Yankee Samurai: Secret Role of Nisei in America's Pacific Victory" (pp. 1, 9-12), "Japan's Pearl Harbor Spy Saw Evacuation as 'Cruel Joke'" (p. 2), and "Min Yasui Letters: From the Multnomah Jail" (p. 5).
doc Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-20)
Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General regarding "alien enemies" and internal security. Hoover states his belief that there should be an identification and registration process for all "alien enemies" in the U.S. He recommends that there should be an authority permitted to apprehend citizens and aliens under suspicion. States that ...
doc Letter from Issei man to wife (December 12, 1941) (ddr-densho-140-29)
Excerpt: "Thank GOD I am very well with Mr. Okuda, Ito, Yamasaki and Yasutake."
doc Letter from Issei man to wife (August 4, 1942) (ddr-densho-140-122)
Excerpt: "Delighted to know you are well, keep jolly. Unless you keep up a strong heart you will fall ill."