Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)
Education (926)

926 items
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-150)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-150)
Excerpt: "We have all experienced something that we have never thought of experiencing before."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-44)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-44)
Excerpt: "We started our testing program Monday -- a little sooner than I would have liked, but the pressure was on so I 'broke my neck' over it." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-158)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-158)
Excerpt: "As the silhouette of summer slowly desends upon Minidoka, the fragrant smell of garlic blooms and the sewage plant drifts about with the playful breezes."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Strike --- Strike --- Strike --- reading" (ddr-densho-171-141)
Excerpt: "the latest edition of your newspaper in Headlines or sub topics -- Radio -- news, like these"
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "War" (ddr-densho-171-98)
Excerpt: "War is hatred between nations and nationality, which can be prevented through Christian ideals and humility."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-87)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-87)
First page missing. Excerpt: "We are both delighted to be able to stay and see the work through, but sorry to miss Thanksgiving and Christmas at home."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-86)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-86)
Excerpt: "I'm on the train from Portland to Seattle and will get this off to you before I get behind. I'm having a wonderful time in the Northwest!"
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-156)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-156)
Excerpt: "This morning was extremely cold and here I was waiting for the bus. It seemed to take longer than any other time for the bus to arrive."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-149)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-149)
Excerpt: "Being in a camp like this sure makes me dream of the past."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-89)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-89)
Excerpt: "Last Friday afternoon -- evening -- Elmer and I were invited to turkey dinner at the Nakahaharas."
Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-2)
doc Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-2)
In the second diary he kept in the camp at Tule Lake, Takeharu Inouye recounts his struggles with education and the boredom resulting from few recreational opportunities. Though he participated in several baseball games with his classmates, Takeharu spent the majority of his free time attending the movie showings that occurred daily or weekly throughout the ...
Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-1)
doc Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-1)
Takeharu Inouye's first diary documents his family's forced move to the Sacramento Assembly Center, followed by their move to the Tule Lake concentration camp. Since his mother, Miyoe Inouye, was a teacher, thirteen-year-old Takeharu's diary focuses on his classes in the Japanese and American schools at Tule Lake. His struggles with his schoolwork, as well as ...
Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-3)
doc Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-3)
In the final diary that Takeharu Inouye kept during his internment at Tule Lake, he includes descriptions of the movies he went to see daily, which served as his primary form of recreation. Takeharu also describes his feelings over succeeding and failing in his high school classes, since his friends would cheat off of his work, ...
Toy Loan Library (ddr-densho-342-4)
doc Toy Loan Library (ddr-densho-342-4)
Booklet describing the Manzanar Toy Loan Project organized by Ruth Beckwith, Senior Elementary Teacher.
A Barrack Becomes a Home (ddr-densho-342-5)
doc A Barrack Becomes a Home (ddr-densho-342-5)
Cooperative project in Homemaking by the students of the Home Economics and Woodshop Departments of the Manzanar Secondary School. Booklet prepared by Beatrice H. White, Home Economics Supervisor, Manzanar Secondary Schools. Some pages missing.
Education Section Summary (ddr-densho-342-8)
doc Education Section Summary (ddr-densho-342-8)
Report to Manzanar Project Director Ralph Merritt and his general staff meeting.
Manzanar, staff housing (ddr-densho-343-56)
img Manzanar, staff housing (ddr-densho-343-56)
A teacher at Manzanar posing in a swim suit in the staff housing gardens.
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