Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (782)

782 items
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Eva Koyama (ddr-one-5-38)
Letter dated Oct 5, 1942, to Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from his daughter, Eva Koyama. In the letter Eva writes about life at Minidoka: Shin came to visit, school is starting soon, Mr. Mita's funeral, lunch, and Girl Scouts. Eva sends her regards to Dr. Tanaka and Mr. Ikeya.
Helen Hasegawa (ddr-csujad-8-17)
doc Helen Hasegawa (ddr-csujad-8-17)
Oral history interview with Helen Hasegawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hasegawa, Helen
Invitation to freedom - A proposal for a program of liberal adult education (ddr-csujad-18-1)
doc Invitation to freedom - A proposal for a program of liberal adult education (ddr-csujad-18-1)
Detailed proposal for an "adult education system for the Japanese relocation project at Poston, Arizona"; the author credits the American Friends Service Committee for financial support for research and a trial of the plan. Sections of the report include "Background at Poston"; "Foreground of the Problem"; "The Great Books"; "The Seminar"; "The Schedule and Organization"; "The ...
Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 12, May 14, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-2)
doc Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 12, May 14, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-2)
School newspaper published at the Gila River incarceration camp. Features and items include a report on a bond drive and on a "Kampus Karnival"; news about the debate team and about a talent show, as well as about goings-on at Topaz, Utah; Manzanar, California; Echoes, Wyoming; Hunt, Idaho; and Amache, Colorado; and illustrations. See this object ...
Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
doc Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
Program for a play/concert put on by high school students at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Rhythm Show Program
Three small boys (ddr-csujad-26-137)
img Three small boys (ddr-csujad-26-137)
Photo of three small Japanese American boys who appear to be performing in a classroom. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_107
Bill Hiroshi Shishima Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-393-11)
vh Bill Hiroshi Shishima Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-393-11)
Attending school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-147-7)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-147-7)
Tackling difficult issues involving incarceration through lessons and discussions within the classroom
Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-147-9)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-147-9)
Comments on whether or not principles of American democracy were taught in Minidoka
Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-1)
doc Takeharu Inouye Diary (ddr-densho-365-1)
Takeharu Inouye's first diary documents his family's forced move to the Sacramento Assembly Center, followed by their move to the Tule Lake concentration camp. Since his mother, Miyoe Inouye, was a teacher, thirteen-year-old Takeharu's diary focuses on his classes in the Japanese and American schools at Tule Lake. His struggles with his schoolwork, as well as ...
Elementary school princesses (ddr-densho-20-3)
img Elementary school princesses (ddr-densho-20-3)
Elementary school princesses. Left to right: Unidentified, unidentified, Miyuki Hasegawa, Julie Hikida, Marianne Okawa, Haruko Nishimura, Kazuko Noji, Frank Sato, unidentified, Harumi Iwakiri.
Grade school children (ddr-densho-37-377)
img Grade school children (ddr-densho-37-377)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Recess in grade school.
Japanese American welding (ddr-densho-37-670)
img Japanese American welding (ddr-densho-37-670)
Original WRA caption: Member of the adult education welding class using portable outfit.
Carpentry class (ddr-densho-37-671)
img Carpentry class (ddr-densho-37-671)
Original WRA caption: Adult Education class in carpentry.
Nursery school art class (ddr-densho-37-314)
img Nursery school art class (ddr-densho-37-314)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Art time in the nursery school at this relocation center.
High school band members (ddr-densho-37-539)
img High school band members (ddr-densho-37-539)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. A snare drum section of the high school band, in a practice session at the school band room. Most of the student band members are playing instuments for the first time, and the band is fast becoming a matter of much pride among center residents, former west coast ...
API