Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (601)
Education (939)

939 items
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-173)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-173)
Excerpt: "Mother nature has taken her own course again and we are having rain for too many days."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-36)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-36)
Excerpt: "Winter has replaced autumn, and fact has replaced rumor." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-29)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-29)
Excerpt: "I guess the vacation atmosphere of school has permeated my whole routine." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-11)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-11)
Excerpt: "The next day we had school with classes meeting for 15 minute periods. John got back from Seattle that morning too. He has hopes of a commission in the procurement division." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-104)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-104)
Excerpt: "A painful memory lingers in the heart of many Niseis -- a memory of those dark somber days of 1941, after the unexpected attack on Pearl Harbor."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "War" (ddr-densho-171-124)
Excerpt: "War! It is just a 3-letter word, but what a lot of sorrow and bloodshed a little word like that can hold."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-62)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-62)
Excerpt: "My all-too-brief vacation is over but I've stretched it it a bit with a convenient cold." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-30)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-30)
Excerpt: "Last week was the first of harvest vacation and a welcome quiet spell." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-178)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-178)
Excerpt: "He sits there on the gayly colored cusion, as I try vigorously to concentrate on my homework."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-103)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-103)
Excerpt: "During these days of crisis Japanese American Citizens are put into a Concentration Camp as some call it..."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-79)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-79)
Excerpt: "There is really very little news this week. The first part was very hot and yesterday and today have been unseasonably cool." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-70)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-70)
Excerpt: "Tonight I am quite well caught up, with my grades all ready and the senior grade point averages under way." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-127)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-127)
Excerpt: "War, as everyone else says, is 'HELL.'" I wouldn't know what it is, for I have never experienced the horrors of it."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-68)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-68)
Excerpt: "It has been a beautiful sunny weekend. In spite of looking like spring, it's cold." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-15)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-15)
Excerpt: "First -- did you ever receive the bond I sent by registered letter early in December?" Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "The Nisei Problem" (ddr-densho-171-152)
Excerpt: "After being put into camp, the Niseis are becomong soft and lazy."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-164)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-164)
Excerpt: "War to me is just misery and, an entire change of life for almost everybody."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-161)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-161)
Excerpt: "Though war is very distruct, we it is necessary."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-153)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-153)
Excerpt:" As I was sitting at home last night thinking for a inspiration, I noticed next door a little boy, about the age of four climbing up and rolling down the sofa valiantly trying to irritate his mother since she could not receive his attention."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Our Farm" (ddr-densho-171-165)
Excerpt: "I sometimes wondered how our farm could be irrigated, and how people could pull all the sagebrush which occupied our now called farm."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "We Must Win!" (ddr-densho-171-138)
Excerpt: "It was a bright, sunny morning and I turned toward the hill and graduatlly sought my way to the top."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-145)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-145)
Excerpt: "As the first streak of dawn tinted the horizon, the unwelcomed sound of an alarm was heard."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Foolishness of War" (ddr-densho-171-102)
Excerpt: "I always thought, and I always will think, that war is a foolish, unnecessary thing."
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