Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (782)

782 items
Fourth grade class and teacher (ddr-densho-152-22)
img Fourth grade class and teacher (ddr-densho-152-22)
Evelyn Dell with her fourth grade students. Original caption: Close up view of teacher and pupils. Girl marked is, according to I.Q. test, smartest in class. Her I.Q. is 122. She's Ethel Tanaka; father is a dentist.
End of school celebration (ddr-densho-152-32)
img End of school celebration (ddr-densho-152-32)
Third grade girls perform in the last day of school celebration.
Two teachers and a student (ddr-densho-152-23)
img Two teachers and a student (ddr-densho-152-23)
Two Heart Mountain Elementary School teachers with a nisei student. Original caption: "Margaret Bliss Beasley, a third grade girl, and Kay Kumai."
Painting of the Manzanar High School 1943 graduation (ddr-manz-2-54)
img Painting of the Manzanar High School 1943 graduation (ddr-manz-2-54)
Caption: "Approximately 200 students graduated at second Manzanar High School commencement."
Painting of Manzanar High School (ddr-manz-2-51)
img Painting of Manzanar High School (ddr-manz-2-51)
Caption: "Manzanar High School. Studies took on great importance in these barrack classrooms. This was a day before the week-end holiday."
Painting of a scene at Manzanar Grammar School (ddr-manz-2-46)
img Painting of a scene at Manzanar Grammar School (ddr-manz-2-46)
Caption: "'Teacher, I know - ' At the other end of the same barrack. First graders of Miss Joh sit awkwardly about the mess table. A question has just been asked. Little Hiroshi, on the end slowly lifts his hand 'Teacher, I know.'"
doc "Education Program in War Relocation Centers" (ddr-densho-155-15)
This booklet was published by the War Relocation Authority (WRA).
Teacher standing with two students (ddr-manz-7-49)
img Teacher standing with two students (ddr-manz-7-49)
Original caption: "Martha Shoaf, Blk 20 Museum. Kenji Oye, myself, Roy Tanaka, 4th grade, 1943, outside classroom."
Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. III (May 1944) (ddr-manz-8-20)
doc Quid Nunc, Vol. I, No. III (May 1944) (ddr-manz-8-20)
Published monthly by the Latin class of Manzanar High School.
Campus Pepper, Vol. I, No. 4 (May 7, 1943) (ddr-manz-9-10)
doc Campus Pepper, Vol. I, No. 4 (May 7, 1943) (ddr-manz-9-10)
Published bi-weekly by the journalism class of Manzanar High School.
Cosmetology school students (ddr-manz-10-50)
img Cosmetology school students (ddr-manz-10-50)
Back row (L to R): Hideko Ohashi, Mary Kakoi, Amy Miyamoto, Sadaye Akemoto, Kazuko Nagai, Hideko Minabe, Tomi Isago, Katie Inouye, Diane Tani, Masako Kurokawa. Middle row (L to R): Lillian Uyemura, Mary Hirabara, Duchess Takeuchi, Dorothy Yamamoto, Riyoko Nakamura, Masako Matsuo, Marian Morita. Front row (L to R): Sets Motoike, Harumi Hino, Aiko Yamashina, Denise ...
Mas Okui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-13-16)
vh Mas Okui Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-13-16)
Attending school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Sam H. Ono Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-2-16)
vh Sam H. Ono Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1003-2-16)
Graduating from high school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Norman I. Hirose Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1013-7-19)
vh Norman I. Hirose Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1013-7-19)
Establishment of schools in camp: "the first week of school was confusion"
API