Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (618)
Education (946)

946 items
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-175)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-175)
Excerpt: "The dismal wail on the train whislle and the constant roar of the rusty wheels underneath kept me from sleeping."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "My Reactions About the War" (ddr-densho-171-101)
Excerpt: "I don't see why they keep referring to us American citizens as Japs while Germans and Italians are called Americans."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-7)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-7)
Excerpt: "I put my room to permanent rights at little more. Assembled my voluminous notes and bibliographies from Stanford into notebook covers purchased yesterday." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-40)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-40)
Excerpt: "Tonight I'm sitting in the shadow of my social life dashing this off while I wait for the Chinese checker game to begin." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-52)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-52)
Excerpt: "Monday was calm enough -- Bob Coombs returned from Sacamento in fine shape and we got up to date on news." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-143)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-143)
Excerpt: "As I was walking down the main street of Seattle, I saw a large crowd gathered on the corner."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "War" (ddr-densho-171-166)
Excerpt: "Perhaps many of us partially realize what this simple noun 'War' actually means."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Foreword" (ddr-densho-171-97)
Excerpt: "In this paragraph I put myself in the shoes of a loyal American Youth of Tomorrow."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-50)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-50)
Excerpt: "Since then it has been a series of slow days that would have been leisurely if they hadn't been haunted by uncertainty and insidious developments." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-2)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-2)
Excerpt: "I'm not sure when I wrote last, was it on the train? As you probably noticed I took the Pacific limited to be sure of connections at Wells." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-13)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-13)
Excerpt: "The latter refers to working with my four wild Indiands and seeing them growing into class leaders." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Mission accomplished" (ddr-densho-171-146)
Excerpt: "'Well boys we're allmost home,' say the pilot to his crew."
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "The Future" (ddr-densho-171-116)
Excerpt: "I dream often of being a man married with a important job in a big concern."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-144)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-144)
Excerpt: "'I helped to win that World War II!'" No, I wasn't in the Army Air Corps, or the Navy, or even the Army; I stayed in the home front and did my part there."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-38)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-38)
Excerpt: "Our enrollment is sky rocketing beyond our wildest estimate and yet we must be prepared to have many relocate or graduate in February." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-17)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-17)
Excerpt: "Monday night we learned at choir that instead of a rehearsal Thursday we were getting a farewell concert for the project." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "War" (ddr-densho-171-115)
Excerpt: "To my opinion, if the argument between two countries gets beyond the point of just debating, war is the only way out."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-25)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-25)
Excerpt: "I know Tues. was a Relocation Guidance Comm. Meeting that lasted all the afternoon Tues. and Wed. mornings." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-139)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-139)
Excerpt: "If you have had a person dear to you pass away, you have felt the lonely, lost, and chilling feeling when you are all left along."
Student essay (ddr-densho-171-173)
doc Student essay (ddr-densho-171-173)
Excerpt: "Mother nature has taken her own course again and we are having rain for too many days."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-36)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-36)
Excerpt: "Winter has replaced autumn, and fact has replaced rumor." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-29)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-29)
Excerpt: "I guess the vacation atmosphere of school has permeated my whole routine." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-11)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-11)
Excerpt: "The next day we had school with classes meeting for 15 minute periods. John got back from Seattle that morning too. He has hopes of a commission in the procurement division." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
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