Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (575)
Education (925)

925 items
High school student body leaders (ddr-densho-160-109)
img High school student body leaders (ddr-densho-160-109)
These student body leaders are from Amache High School. Second from left: Katherine Stegner, advisor. Far right: Edison Uno.
Students (ddr-densho-161-39)
img Students (ddr-densho-161-39)
L to R: Toshiko Sakamoto, Rumi Tonai, Fudge Amemiya, Reiko Rikimaru, Julia Yoshioka, Fumi Sotomura, Justine Sekiyama, Yoneko Ibusuke.
API