Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (782)

782 items
Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-37-17)
img Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-37-17)
Original WRA caption: Students of the Hunt High School at the Minidoka Relocation Center, receive final grades from Miss Jones.
Nursery school students (ddr-densho-37-165)
img Nursery school students (ddr-densho-37-165)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Nursery school children singing "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-167)
img Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-167)
Original WRA caption: Home made toilets for nursery school children.
Sleeping nursery school children (ddr-densho-37-369)
img Sleeping nursery school children (ddr-densho-37-369)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Nursery school children taking a midafternoon nap. Note the piles of shoes placed at the head of each bed.
Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-724)
img Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-724)
Original WRA caption: Students in the High School Home Economics Class.
Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-174)
img Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-174)
Original WRA caption: A view in grammer school at this relocation center.
Stafford Press, May 1943 (ddr-densho-156-427)
doc Stafford Press, May 1943 (ddr-densho-156-427)
Publication of the Sixth Grade, Stafford School, Minidoka concentration camp.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "War" (ddr-densho-171-181)
Excerpt: "While I scanned through the dictionary my eyes lighted on the word 'war.'"
Student essay
doc Student essay "Teachers Can Take It!" (ddr-densho-171-182)
Excerpt: "The noisy classroom is full of confusion and bitter remarks accented by unfavorable adjectives are heard: It's report card day!"
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-60)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-60)
Excerpt: "After writing you a week ago, Barbara Barrett and I went over and helped paint the staff mess hall." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-77)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-77)
Excerpt: "This is one of the most leisurely Sundays in a long time. To begin with, I was supposed to have gone to Boise and didn't." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "Is it fair to the fighting men?" (ddr-densho-171-109)
Excerpt: "Is it fair to the soldiers, sailors, and marines, who fight in blizzards, snow, hot deserts, and mud up to their knees; when miners, factory workers..."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-80)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-80)
Excerpt: "We have been deluged with clerical help in the office and there have been 25 prisoners of war loading freight since Tuesday." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Student essay:
doc Student essay: "War" (ddr-densho-171-162)
Excerpt: "The battle fields of every war are just a human slaughter house, where a person if he's lucky will come out alive..."
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-9)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-9)
Excerpt: "Our weather last night was something to write home about. Yesterday was overcast, warm and calm. At midnight it was cleary and starry." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-64)
doc Letter from a camp teacher to her family (ddr-densho-171-64)
Excerpt: "Evelyn Rose of the Washington statistics office -- she spent two weeks here last June and lived in the dorms -- was here again week before last." Sent from Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho.
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