Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

Education (782)

782 items
Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-147-11)
vh Helen Amerman Manning Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-147-11)
Description of a typical school day for teachers in Minidoka; fond memories of the first school dance
Aquila (1944) (ddr-densho-291-8)
doc Aquila (1944) (ddr-densho-291-8)
The 1944 yearbook for Tri-State High School.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Eva Koyama (ddr-one-5-67)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama in Santa Fe Detention Center. The envelope is postmarked August 30, 1943. Written in red pencil along the top of the envelope is “9/8-43.” On the left side of the envelope is a cartoon drawing of a yellow train with the words “United Nations” in blue on the side the ...
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
Memo regarding employment of priests as social workers and educational lecturers. Recommends employing nine Buddhist priests, stating that they will have greater influence over the students and parents ("colonists"), the majority of whom are Buddhist, than the Japanese Language School teachers would. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0101
Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
img Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
Photo album is a collection of landscape and panoramic photos of Tule Lake incarceration camp, holiday greeting cards, photos of a fire, graduation portrait of Toshio Oku, group photo of the Electrical Department, and inside the print shop of the Newell Star. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_023
Memo from Harry L. Black, Assistant Project Director, to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Police, re: disorders in Block #54, June 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-83)
doc Memo from Harry L. Black, Assistant Project Director, to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Police, re: disorders in Block #54, June 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-83)
Discusses imprisonment in the stockade of 12 incarcerees and tension concerning the Japanese Language Schools and the schools in the camps, detailing what it terms "terrorist tactics" on the part of the Japanese Language School's proponents and concluding that the Project Director is justified in using the stockade for disciplinary purposes. The document also includes the ...
Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
doc Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
Oral history interview with Anne Moore. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MOORE_ANNE
Welcome Letter to Amache Elementary School (ddr-csujad-7-33)
img Welcome Letter to Amache Elementary School (ddr-csujad-7-33)
Letter welcoming students to the Amache Elementary School. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Welcome Letter_P01
Night school class in advanced English at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-59)
img Night school class in advanced English at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-59)
Night school class in advanced English at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 11, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f24
Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-10)
img Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-10)
Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 9, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_010
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
img Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp. Photo by Tom Parker. December 11, 1942. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f09
Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 20, January 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-8)
doc Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 20, January 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-8)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-07_03
Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 3, December 24, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-4)
doc Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 3, December 24, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-4)
School newspaper published at the Gila River incarceration camp. Features and topics include a constitution and new principal for Butte High School; news of campus, sports, and social and holiday events; items about classes, students and teachers; and short prose and poetry pieces. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
img Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
Children and teacher raising hands in a nursery school classroom. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Nursery school." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_034
Chapter 11 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-36)
doc Chapter 11 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-36)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topic including a fundraising carnival, yearbooks, class subjects and discussions, sports, homework, books, and teachers. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were collected as part of a class assignment and used for the Japanese American ...
Girl weeding in school victory garden (ddr-densho-37-520)
img Girl weeding in school victory garden (ddr-densho-37-520)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. Fourth grade girl--Diane Wallace--weeding the school victory garden.
Fourth-grade classroom (ddr-densho-37-470)
img Fourth-grade classroom (ddr-densho-37-470)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. Fourth Grade School in Barracks 3-4-B.
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