The DDR will be down for planned maintenance on Wednesday, December 11, 2019 from 12:00PM (noon) PST until 2:00PM PST. Densho websites encyclopedia.densho.org and resourceguide.densho.org will also be unavailable during this time; however, you will still be able to visit our blog and find other information about Densho at our main website, www.densho.org. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause. Please email questions or comments to [email protected]

.

Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (54)
Concentration camps (556)
Education (782)

782 items
End of school celebration (ddr-densho-152-30)
img End of school celebration (ddr-densho-152-30)
Members of the third grade class perform in the last day of school celebration.
Fourth grade students (ddr-densho-152-19)
img Fourth grade students (ddr-densho-152-19)
A group of fourth grade students outside the Heart Mountain Elementary School building.
Fourth grade boys (ddr-densho-152-18)
img Fourth grade boys (ddr-densho-152-18)
Fourth grade boys from Heart Mountain Elementary School play outside. Original caption: "Fourth grade boys. X = James Koshiyama scored high on I.Q. test. Scores 111. He's both small and young for grade 4."
Elementary school boys (ddr-densho-152-5)
img Elementary school boys (ddr-densho-152-5)
Boys from Evelyn Dell's fourth grade class play outside. (Written on back): "Boys from my room. Norman is the nicest boy - very intelligent and so well mannered."
Evelyn Dell in front of school building (ddr-densho-152-3)
img Evelyn Dell in front of school building (ddr-densho-152-3)
Evelyn Dell stands in front of the Heart Mountain Elementary School building where she worked as a fourth grade teacher.
Fourth grade class (ddr-densho-152-16)
img Fourth grade class (ddr-densho-152-16)
Fourth grade class with teacher, Evelyn Dell, pose in front of the Heart Mountain Elementary School building.
Heart Mountain high school principal (ddr-densho-152-28)
img Heart Mountain high school principal (ddr-densho-152-28)
Jack Corbett, principal of the high school at Heart Mountain concentration camp.
End of school celebration (ddr-densho-152-31)
img End of school celebration (ddr-densho-152-31)
Members of the fourth grade class perform in the last day of school celebration.
Fourth grade boys (ddr-densho-152-17)
img Fourth grade boys (ddr-densho-152-17)
Fourth grade boys from Heart Mountain Elementary School play outside.
Evelyn Dell in front of the teacher's office (ddr-densho-152-25)
img Evelyn Dell in front of the teacher's office (ddr-densho-152-25)
Original caption: "Taken in front of office at Green Gable Court."
Heart Mountain school building (ddr-densho-152-36)
img Heart Mountain school building (ddr-densho-152-36)
This is the Block 25 school building at Heart Mountain concentration camp.
doc "Education Program in War Relocation Centers" (ddr-densho-155-15)
This booklet was published by the War Relocation Authority (WRA).
Stafford Press, December 1943 (ddr-densho-156-429)
doc Stafford Press, December 1943 (ddr-densho-156-429)
Publication of the Sixth Grade, Stafford School, Minidoka concentration camp.
API