Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

Living conditions (957)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

950 items
Six-year-old Reiko Mastuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-16)
img Six-year-old Reiko Mastuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-16)
Six-year-old Reiko Matsuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp, is looked after by nurse's aid Chiyo Okata. March 11, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_016
Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 20, January 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-8)
doc Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 20, January 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-8)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-07_03
Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 3, December 24, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-4)
doc Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 3, December 24, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-4)
School newspaper published at the Gila River incarceration camp. Features and topics include a constitution and new principal for Butte High School; news of campus, sports, and social and holiday events; items about classes, students and teachers; and short prose and poetry pieces. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
An oral history with Annie Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-30-18)
vh An oral history with Annie Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-30-18)
An oral history with Annie Sakamoto, an incarceree at the Children's Villag orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0110. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2486_T01
An oral history with Annie Sakamoto - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-30-18-1)
vh An oral history with Annie Sakamoto - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-30-18-1)
An oral history with Annie Sakamoto, an incarceree at the Children's Villag orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The audio file is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0109. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2486_F01
An oral history with Tamotsu Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-1)
av An oral history with Tamotsu Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-1)
An oral history with Tamotsu Isozaki, an incarceree at the Children's Village. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The full transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0102. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2332_T01
An Oral History with Sumiye Takeno, Part II - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-60-1)
vh An Oral History with Sumiye Takeno, Part II - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-60-1)
An oral history with Sumiye Takeno, a current resident of Denver, Colorado. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The purpose of this interview was to gather information regarding Takeno's incarceration and resettlement experience during World War II. Specifically, the interview covers her childhood in Florin, California, ...
An oral history with Takeshi Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-3)
av An oral history with Takeshi Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-3)
An oral interview with Takeshi Isozaki, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript to this file is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0108. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2337_T01
An oral history with Sam Masami Tanaka (ddr-csujad-30-9)
av An oral history with Sam Masami Tanaka (ddr-csujad-30-9)
An oral interview with Sam Masami Tanaka, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0122. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2333.1_T01
An oral history with Margaret Yamamoto (ddr-csujad-29-32)
av An oral history with Margaret Yamamoto (ddr-csujad-29-32)
An oral interview with Margaret Yamamoto, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Assembly Center and the Rohwer incarceration camp. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcription is found in the item: csufccop_jaoh_0116. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2237_T01
Evacuee Identification Card (ddr-csujad-29-23)
doc Evacuee Identification Card (ddr-csujad-29-23)
Manzanar incarceree identification card. Block 20, Building 11, Apt. 4. Belonging to Ruth Hochi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 4137_M02
An oral history with Atsufumi Archie Miyatake (ddr-csujad-29-65)
vh An oral history with Atsufumi Archie Miyatake (ddr-csujad-29-65)
An oral interview with Archie Miyatake, the son of Toyo Miyatake. Like his father, he was a photographer who took pictures of incarcerated Japanese Americans who were forced into camps during World War II. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0162. ...
An oral history with Clara D. Hayashi (ddr-csujad-30-2)
av An oral history with Clara D. Hayashi (ddr-csujad-30-2)
An oral interview with Clara D. Hayashi, an incarceree at the Children's Village. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0104. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2334_T01
An oral history with Mary Miya (ddr-csujad-30-6)
av An oral history with Mary Miya (ddr-csujad-30-6)
An oral history with Mary Miya, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0116. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2489_T01
Chapter 8, 9, 10 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-35)
doc Chapter 8, 9, 10 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-35)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including movies, dances, dissatisfaction with recreation, family dynamics, desire to leave camp, cultural and generational differences, and weather. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were part of a class assignment and collected for the ...
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in ...
Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
img Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
Photo of a young Japanese American man on a tractor. Barracks building are seen in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_101
Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-125)
img Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-125)
Photo of a large group of Japanese Americans and Caucasian men and women pose in front of a barracks building with a baby and a dog. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_094
View from Castle Rock facing east (ddr-csujad-26-129)
img View from Castle Rock facing east (ddr-csujad-26-129)
Landscape photo featuring the Tule Lake incarceration camp and the roads around it as seen in the snow from a nearby hill top. Verso reads, "view from Castle Rock facing east." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_099
Chapter 2, 3, 4, 5 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-32)
doc Chapter 2, 3, 4, 5 personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-32)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including weather, social interactions, barracks noise, the desire to leave camp, prospect of discrimination, reflections on "one year since 'evacuation,'" and the journey to camp. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were part of ...
Young women (ddr-csujad-26-123)
img Young women (ddr-csujad-26-123)
A group of young Japanese American women poses with a Caucasian woman in front of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_092
Oral history of George Wakiji (ddr-csujad-28-2)
av Oral history of George Wakiji (ddr-csujad-28-2)
Oral history Interview of George Wakiji. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csuci_vcc-jic_0003
Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-463-4)
vh Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-463-4)
Older sisters traumatized by difficult living conditions in camp
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