Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

Living conditions (714)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

714 items
Camp Barracks (ddr-hmwf-1-210)
img Camp Barracks (ddr-hmwf-1-210)
"Heart Mt. Block 24-25 looking south, Dec 30 1944" as described on back, l23 f19 1/10 G3 PlusX DK20-45 76-12
Christmas Party (ddr-hmwf-1-462)
img Christmas Party (ddr-hmwf-1-462)
"Christmas Party 29-30 Mess Hall, Dec 25-1943" as described on back, children's Christmas party
Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-618)
img Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-618)
"Rose 29-3-D, Jan 12-1945 Flash f12 1/100" as described on back
Couple Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-453)
img Couple Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-453)
"July 26-1944 4:30pm" as described on back, couple posing together
Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-470)
img Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-470)
"Coal rush, 29-28 Jan 7-1944 2:30pm, f16 1/50 SuperIkontaB SuperXX Roll, DK20-50' D76-20' "as described on back
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-563)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-563)
View of camp with Heart Mountain in background
Girl posing (ddr-hmwf-1-283)
img Girl posing (ddr-hmwf-1-283)
"Feb 12 1944 Leica" as described on back
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-290)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-290)
"Isao Nakaishi 29-24-D, Aug 31 1944" as described on back, f8 1/50 Verichrome G3
Family Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-432)
img Family Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-432)
"at depot, Dec 30-1944, f6.3 1/25 PlusX" as described on back, family posing together
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-317)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-317)
"Katsuma Ono 29-19-A Jan 11 1944" as described on back, l6 f5.6 1/5 PlusX DK20-50' D76-20'
Family Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-423)
img Family Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-423)
"Julia Kuwahara family, 24-21-F, Dec. 12, 1943, l5 f5.6 1/5, SuperXX DK 20-40' D76-15' " as described on back
Men Bathing (ddr-hmwf-1-545)
img Men Bathing (ddr-hmwf-1-545)
"Jan 6-1945 midnight, Ht. Mt., Yoshio Okumoto" as described on back, 2 men bathing in wooden barrels
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-570)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-570)
"Dec 27 1944" as described on back, view of camp with Heart Mountain in background
Woman Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-433)
img Woman Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-433)
"Michi Yamada at depot, Dec 30-1944 f9 1/25 PlusX DK20-47' D76-15' " as described on back
Children on bed (ddr-hmwf-1-301)
img Children on bed (ddr-hmwf-1-301)
"Nakamishi Baby 29-24-A, Nov 30 1943" as described on back, l8 f6.3 1/10 PlusX DK20 40min D76 10min
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-466)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-466)
"July 31 1943" as described on back, view of camp with Heart Mountain in background
Woman and Child (ddr-hmwf-1-524)
img Woman and Child (ddr-hmwf-1-524)
"Ono baby, 29-19-A, Sept 23 1943 4:00pm, l8 f9 1/5 sec, SuperXX DK20 30min En1 #3 15, 2 3 30" as described on back
Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-74)
img Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-74)
"Men and women collecting coal between barracks" Jan 11 1944
Hospital Complex (ddr-hmwf-1-209)
img Hospital Complex (ddr-hmwf-1-209)
"Heart Mt. Hospital Unit Dec. 27 1944" as described on back, l20 f19 1/5 K2 Verichrome D76 - 50'
Women Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-556)
img Women Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-556)
2 women posing together outside barracks building
Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-49)
img Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-49)
"Coal Rush 29-27, Jan 7, 1944 2:30pm" as described on back
Gardening (ddr-hmwf-1-89)
img Gardening (ddr-hmwf-1-89)
"Aug 17, 1943 9:50am" as described on back, woman gardening behind barracks, l18 f12.7 1/50 G3 Super xx, DK2-27 min
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-274)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-274)
"Harada 29-22-D, Mar 17 1944" as described on back, l5 f5.6 1/10 PlusX DK20 45 76 5
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