Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (541)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

540 items
Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
doc Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
Oral history interview with Kou Uyemaruko [Ko Uemaruko]. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Uyemaruko, Kou
Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-2)
doc Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-2)
Second of four scrapbooks of clippings about Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Compiled by Eddie Muraoka. Other three scrapbooks are fond in items: csun_ems_001, csun_ems_003, and csun_ems_004. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: EMS_02
Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-1)
doc Scrapbook of Eddie Muraoka (ddr-csujad-15-1)
One of four scrapbooks of clippings about Japanese American incarceration during World War II. Compiled by Eddie Muraoka. Other three scrapbooks are fond in items: csun_ems_002, csun_ems_003, and csun_ems_004. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: EMS_01
Letter to Michi Weglyn from unknown author (ddr-csujad-24-48)
doc Letter to Michi Weglyn from unknown author (ddr-csujad-24-48)
A letter to Michi Weglyn possibly from Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga about the effect of Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy" on Jack Herzig, and Herzig's conversations with General Bendetsen about the Manzanar Pilgrimage. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_02_007
An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
av An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
Reflections of an elderly Orange County, California couple on their experiences in America. He recounts his years as an immigrant; she discusses her family background, makeup of Japanese-American community, and rural living. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton; interview conducted by Pat Morgan ...
An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
av An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
A Sansei and conscientious objector to the Vietnam war discusses alternate service as partner in Amerasia Bookstore, a nonprofit organization serving Los Angeles's Little Tokyo; activities in Young Buddhist Association; parent's reaction to his current life-style; and long term effect of World War II incarceration. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese Oral ...
An Oral History with Craig Kei Ihara (ddr-csujad-29-1)
av An Oral History with Craig Kei Ihara (ddr-csujad-29-1)
Oral history with Craig Kei Ihara, Sansei and California State University, Fullerton philosophy professor, born at the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas discusses family history, focusing on religion, education, aspirations, and cultural heritage; and recent overnight stay at old Rohwer campsite. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project for the Center for ...
Visiting newspaper men interview the charming Mrs. Murayama (ddr-csujad-26-126)
img Visiting newspaper men interview the charming Mrs. Murayama (ddr-csujad-26-126)
Photo shows a woman, Mrs. Murayama, being photographed while holding an object for a man. Verso reads, "visiting newspaper men interview the charming Mrs. Murayama - but what the editors did to their stories." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_095
High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
img High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
A crowded classroom filled with students taking notes. Caption on back of photograph reads, "High school English." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_022
Two women walking (ddr-csujad-26-71)
img Two women walking (ddr-csujad-26-71)
Two Japanese American women walking while people gather in background in front of desert landscape. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_008
Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-143)
img Large group photo (ddr-csujad-26-143)
Photo of a large group of Japanese Americans and Caucasian men and women pose in front of a barracks building with a baby and a dog. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_116
On Castle Rock above the camp--facing Mt. Shasta (ddr-csujad-26-70)
img On Castle Rock above the camp--facing Mt. Shasta (ddr-csujad-26-70)
Photo of three Japanese Americans and four Caucasian people, including Robert Billigmeier, posing with snowballs and a dog. Caption on back of photograph reads, "On Castle Rock above the camp - facing Mt. Shasta." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. Related photo in sequence ucsb_mei_0122. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Barracks row (ddr-csujad-26-86)
img Barracks row (ddr-csujad-26-86)
A man walks toward a row of barracks lining a dusty road. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_023
People on hillside viewing camp (ddr-csujad-26-73)
img People on hillside viewing camp (ddr-csujad-26-73)
Photo of people standing along a hillside overlooking camp. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_010
Women gather next to bus (ddr-csujad-26-74)
img Women gather next to bus (ddr-csujad-26-74)
Women gather next to a packed bus with people inside possibly for "resettlement." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_011
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