Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (20)
Temporary Assembly Centers (46)
Living conditions (227)
Social and recreational activities (17)
Arts and literature (10)
The journey (99)
Publications
North Portland Evacuazette (29)
Santa Anita Pacemaker (105)
Tanforan Totalizer (20)
Arbo-Gram (4)
Fresno Grapevine (45)
Mercedian (21)
Pinedale Logger (9)
Pomona Center News (24)
Salinas Village Crier (8)
Stockton El Joaquin (34)
Tulare News (30)
Turlock TAC (7)
Walerga Wasp (10)
Puyallup Camp Harmony News-Letter (12)
Facilities, services, and camp administration (22)
Education (14)
Work and jobs (72)
Conflicts, intimidation, and violence (1)
Food (11)
Funerals
Holidays and festivals
Impacts of incarceration (5)
Medical care and health issues (4)
Religion (2)
Sports
Weddings (2)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)

46 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-168)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-168)
"Saints Win Second Straight Cage Crown" (p. 1), "Beauty of Yakima Valley Charms Wapato Returnees" (p. 3), "Evacuees Like Three Key Cities of Northwest" (p. 3)
Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Tomoko Ikeda (June 10, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-1)
Handwritten letter written by Tomoko Ikeda to Molly Wilson, June 10, 1942. Letter was written from an assembly center or a relocation center, and mentions adjusting to food in center and missing school.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 12, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-9)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 12, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-9)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 12, 1942) from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California. Letter has return address in the upper left hand corner but not stamped nor postmarked.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-101)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-101)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) from the Owens Valley Assembly Center in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (August 31, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-86)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (August 31, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-86)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (August 31, 1942). Envelope is postmarked September 1, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (April 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-100)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (April 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-100)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (April 28, 1942) from the Owens Valley Assembly Center in Manzanar, California.
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Haruko Nagahiro (May 20, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-53)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Haruko Nagahiro (May 20, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-53)
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Haruko Nagahiro (May 20, 1942). It is postmarked May 20, 1942 from the Pomona Assembly Center in Pomona, California.
Envelope to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-17)
White air mail envelope with a red, white and blue border. The envelope is addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston. Sender information written in the upper left corner as "Mrs. Kei Koyama/No 16109 sec. 3-D-10/Japanese Assembly Center/N. Portland, Oregon." Postmarked June 23, 1942. Two additional dates handwritten below the postmark: "June ...
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication" (ddr-janm-4-43)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication". The article was written by J.K. Yamamoto on September 25, 1991 for the Hokubei Mainichi newspaper.
Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
doc Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
Information sheet about the history of the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center.
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-12)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 14, 1942. Message on the back dated May 13, 1942. Teru writes to Kei about her and the children getting their first typhoid shots, her new work duties, and the family's enjoyment ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-24)
Yellowed postcard address to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife Teru Koyama at the Portland Assembly Center. The postcard is postmarked August 31, 1942. On the left side of the postcard is a purple stamp that reads “Censored/Camp Livingston/Internment Camp/HARMON M. TURNER.” On the back side of the postcard ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-13)
Postcard addressed to Dr. Keizabruo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 15, 1942. Dated May 14, 1942. On the back Teru writes Kei asking if he needs more clothes, and that she had stored their belongs with Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough. She describes the food at ...
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-22)
Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Miyuki "Kay" Kida, dated July 6, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt writes that she wishes she could be there with Kay as she is alone at the Portland Assembly Center since her husband Kenjiro and son George have left for temporary work leave in Eastern Oregon. Sarah "Sade" Pyatt tells Kay about ...
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-18)
Envelope from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt addressed to George Kida. Letter is from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family) on June 23, 1942. Tells the Kida family that friend and neighbor James Albert "Al" Johnson tried to visit them but was not allowed in. Mrs. Pyatt asks Kay if she needs any more ...
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-10)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-10)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-7)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-7)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942). Postmarked June 5, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough (ddr-one-5-25)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama in Camp Livingston from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough in Portland. Postmarked Aug 31, 1942. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope was a newspaper clipping about Boy Scout Troop at the Portland Assembly Center. William Koyama's ...
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-20)
White air mail envelope with a red, white and blue border. The envelope is addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama. The envelope is postmarked Jul 21, 1942, and in red pencil below the postmark is the date 7/25/42. On the left side of the envelope is a ...
Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki
doc Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-25)
Letter and envelope to Miyuki "Kay" Kida from George Kida. Describes work opportunities, conditions in the camp and surrounding area. Kenjiro is picking up potatoes and George is pitching bundles. Mentions someone named Satoshi (who he mentioned having bought a checker board with in a previous letter) who he is becoming friends with. Mentions having received ...
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-19)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family), dated June 30, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt offers to send some of her pension check of $40 to the Kida's. Asks if the Kidas need more bedding. She also asks how the situation (the war/internment) looks to the Kidas and tries to ...
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
doc Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event being held at the Tanforan Park Shopping Center (February 19, 1979).
Invitation to Tsuyako
doc Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima to a Tanforan Detention Center pilgrimage (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-21)
Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from the Tanforan Committee to go on a pilgrimage to the Tanforan Detention Center for a Day of Remembrance on February 19, 1979.
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