Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (20)
Temporary Assembly Centers (46)
Living conditions (227)
Social and recreational activities (17)
Arts and literature (10)
The journey (99)
Publications
North Portland Evacuazette (29)
Santa Anita Pacemaker (105)
Tanforan Totalizer (20)
Arbo-Gram (4)
Fresno Grapevine (45)
Mercedian (21)
Pinedale Logger (9)
Pomona Center News (24)
Salinas Village Crier (8)
Stockton El Joaquin (34)
Tulare News (30)
Turlock TAC (7)
Walerga Wasp (10)
Puyallup Camp Harmony News-Letter (12)
Facilities, services, and camp administration (22)
Education (14)
Work and jobs (72)
Conflicts, intimidation, and violence (1)
Food (11)
Funerals
Holidays and festivals
Impacts of incarceration (5)
Medical care and health issues (4)
Religion (2)
Sports
Weddings (2)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)

46 items
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-10)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-10)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-7)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-7)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942). Postmarked June 5, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-20)
White air mail envelope with a red, white and blue border. The envelope is addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama. The envelope is postmarked Jul 21, 1942, and in red pencil below the postmark is the date 7/25/42. On the left side of the envelope is a ...
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough (ddr-one-5-25)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama in Camp Livingston from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough in Portland. Postmarked Aug 31, 1942. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope was a newspaper clipping about Boy Scout Troop at the Portland Assembly Center. William Koyama's ...
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-19)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family), dated June 30, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt offers to send some of her pension check of $40 to the Kida's. Asks if the Kidas need more bedding. She also asks how the situation (the war/internment) looks to the Kidas and tries to ...
doc Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-25)
Letter and envelope to Miyuki "Kay" Kida from George Kida. Describes work opportunities, conditions in the camp and surrounding area. Kenjiro is picking up potatoes and George is pitching bundles. Mentions someone named Satoshi (who he mentioned having bought a checker board with in a previous letter) who he is becoming friends with. Mentions having received ...
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication" (ddr-janm-4-43)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication". The article was written by J.K. Yamamoto on September 25, 1991 for the Hokubei Mainichi newspaper.
Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
doc Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
Information sheet about the history of the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center.
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-12)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 14, 1942. Message on the back dated May 13, 1942. Teru writes to Kei about her and the children getting their first typhoid shots, her new work duties, and the family's enjoyment ...
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-24)
Yellowed postcard address to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife Teru Koyama at the Portland Assembly Center. The postcard is postmarked August 31, 1942. On the left side of the postcard is a purple stamp that reads “Censored/Camp Livingston/Internment Camp/HARMON M. TURNER.” On the back side of the postcard ...
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-13)
Postcard addressed to Dr. Keizabruo Koyama at Fort Sill from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 15, 1942. Dated May 14, 1942. On the back Teru writes Kei asking if he needs more clothes, and that she had stored their belongs with Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough. She describes the food at ...
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-22)
Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Miyuki "Kay" Kida, dated July 6, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt writes that she wishes she could be there with Kay as she is alone at the Portland Assembly Center since her husband Kenjiro and son George have left for temporary work leave in Eastern Oregon. Sarah "Sade" Pyatt tells Kay about ...
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-18)
Envelope from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt addressed to George Kida. Letter is from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family) on June 23, 1942. Tells the Kida family that friend and neighbor James Albert "Al" Johnson tried to visit them but was not allowed in. Mrs. Pyatt asks Kay if she needs any more ...
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
doc Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-20)
Program for the Tanforan Detention Center Day of Remembrance event being held at the Tanforan Park Shopping Center (February 19, 1979).
Invitation to Tsuyako
doc Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima to a Tanforan Detention Center pilgrimage (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-21)
Invitation to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from the Tanforan Committee to go on a pilgrimage to the Tanforan Detention Center for a Day of Remembrance on February 19, 1979.
doc "Seabiscuit Rededication" speech by Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-17)
Speech entitled "Seabiscuit Rededication" by Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (September 23, 1991). Speech was given at the Tanforan Racetrack in San Bruno, California.
Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-18)
doc Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event (September 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-18)
Program for the Seabiscuit Redecication event held at the Tanforan Race Track in San Bruno, California (September 23, 1991).
Letter to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 24, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-70)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Violet Saito (June 24, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-70)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (June 24, 1942) from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (June 26, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-85)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (June 26, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-85)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (June 26, 1942). Envelope is postmarked June 29, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 2, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-8)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 2, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-8)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 2, 1942) from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California. Letter has return address in the upper left hand corner but not stamped nor postmarked.
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Miriam Kiyo Koyama and William Koyama (ddr-one-5-28)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his children, William Koyama and Miriam Kiyo Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 11, 1942. To the left of the postmark “Sept 14, 42” is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope are two letters ...
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-27)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked Sep 1, 1942, with a 6 cent airmail stamp. On the left side of the postcard are two purple stamps; one is an air mail stamp and the second is a "Censored" stamp. On ...
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-20)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family), dated June 30, 1942. Notes that the Kidas had written Ethel saying they were going to Eastern Oregon the next week. Also notes that the Krogmens visited the Kidas (likely in Portland). Asks if Al has visited.
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