Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

Temporary Assembly Centers (63)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)

63 items
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-7)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-7)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (June 3, 1942). Postmarked June 5, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-10)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-10)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (July 8, 1942). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki
doc Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-25)
Letter and envelope to Miyuki "Kay" Kida from George Kida. Describes work opportunities, conditions in the camp and surrounding area. Kenjiro is picking up potatoes and George is pitching bundles. Mentions someone named Satoshi (who he mentioned having bought a checker board with in a previous letter) who he is becoming friends with. Mentions having received ...
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-19)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family), dated June 30, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt offers to send some of her pension check of $40 to the Kida's. Asks if the Kidas need more bedding. She also asks how the situation (the war/internment) looks to the Kidas and tries to ...
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-20)
White air mail envelope with a red, white and blue border. The envelope is addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama. The envelope is postmarked Jul 21, 1942, and in red pencil below the postmark is the date 7/25/42. On the left side of the envelope is a ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough (ddr-one-5-25)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama in Camp Livingston from Andrew "Uncle Chape" Goodenough and Eva "Aunt Eva" Goodenough in Portland. Postmarked Aug 31, 1942. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope was a newspaper clipping about Boy Scout Troop at the Portland Assembly Center. William Koyama's ...
Scrapbook (ddr-densho-361-1)
img Scrapbook (ddr-densho-361-1)
Written on tape on cover: "This scrapbook is original--1942 Nobuko Omoto (Sakai) Bainbridge Island, WA. Please handle with care."
Letter from Kikuye Masuda to Mrs. Charles Gates (ddr-densho-211-4)
doc Letter from Kikuye Masuda to Mrs. Charles Gates (ddr-densho-211-4)
Letter from Kikuye Masuda to Mrs. Charles Gates about relocation to Southeastern Idaho.
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-17)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family) on June 16, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt asks after the family's well being after they had been vaccinated. Also tells of visits from several friends, including George Clark, Mr. Johnson, and Mrs. Crogman, who expressed her appreciation of having the Kidas' car to ...
Envelope from George Kida to his mother Miyuki
doc Envelope from George Kida to his mother Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-132)
Envelope is addressed to Miyuki "Kay" Kida in the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked August 3, 1942 from Nyssa, Oregon. Presumably from George Kida.
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-23)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked Aug 28, 1942. Below the postmark “Sept 1 1942,” is written in red pencil. On the left side of the postcard is a purple "Censored" stamp. The message on the back of the postcard ...
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from his son William Koyama on Father's Day (ddr-one-5-15)
A letter written to Kei Koyama from his son William Koyama. It is dated June 21, 1942. In the letter William writes to encourage his father to stay positive and look to God as the rest of the family is doing. In the postscript written on the side of the letter, William wishes that they be ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Lois Sato (ddr-one-5-18)
Postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from Lois Sato at the Portland Assembely Center. Postmarked Jul 9, 1942. On the left side of the front of the postcard is a red Censored stamp with an unknown signature. On the back of the postcard is a handwritten message from Lois Sato. She writes about ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Eva Koyama (ddr-one-5-11)
Front of one cent postcard is addressed to Dr. K. Koyama at Fort Sill from his daughter Eva Koyama at the Portland Assembly Center. Postmarked May 11, 1942. On the back of the postcard Eva writes about the family and first few days at the Portland Assembly Center. Dated May 7, 1942.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
Selected article titles: "'More Perfect Union': Smithsonian Gets Hate Mail on JA Exhibit" (pp. 1, 3), "Walerga Park: WW2 Assembly Center Site Memorialized with Plaque" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Personnel Manual: Framework for Discussion" (pp. 4-5), and "Backlash on the Campuses" (p. 5).
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (May 30, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-84)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (May 30, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-84)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (May 30, 1942). Envelope is postmarked but does not give a date from Chicago, Illinois.
Postcard to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (October 1, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-87)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from June Yoshigai (October 1, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-87)
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from June Yoshigai (October 1, 1942). It is postmarked October 2, 1942 from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California.
Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-15)
doc Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event (February 19, 1979) (ddr-janm-4-15)
Program for the Tanforan Committee Day of Rememberance event being held at the Tanforan Park Shopping Center (February 19, 1979).
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan, 1942" (ddr-janm-4-42)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan, 1942". The article was written by Soji Kashiwagi on December 17, 1984.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 6 (August 5, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 6 (August 5, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-30)
Selected article titles: "Pro-Minority Text Dropped from OK List" (p.1, 3), "Bakke Case Jeopardizes Civil Rights Won Since 1940s, Rep. Chisholm Tells JACL" (p.1, 3), "Internment Credit Bill Hearing Set" (p.2), "Assembly Centers to Be Historical Site" (p.2), "Fresno Senior Citizens Express Needs in Survey" (p.3), "Nisei in Japan: Japanese and ...
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