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Temporary Assembly Centers

In spring 1942, the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) hastily prepared temporary "assembly centers" to house the individuals of Japanese ancestry who were removed from their homes after the signing of Executive Order 9066. The centers were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed military police. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. After spending up to six months in the "assembly centers," Japanese Americans were moved inland to permanent concentration camps.

World War II (54)
Temporary Assembly Centers (88)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Assembly centers, Fresno (detention facility), Marysville (detention facility), Mayer (detention facility), Merced (detention facility), Owens Valley (detention facility), Parker Dam (detention facility), Pinedale (detention facility), Pomona (detention facility), Portland (detention facility), Puyallup (detention facility), Sacramento (detention facility), Salinas (detention facility), Santa Anita (detention facility), Sites of incarceration, Stockton (detention facility), Tanforan (detention facility), Tulare (detention facility), Turlock (detention facility)

88 items
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart ...
Historical photographs and documents, from internment camps to Military Intelligence Service Language School [order form] (ddr-csujad-1-190)
doc Historical photographs and documents, from internment camps to Military Intelligence Service Language School [order form] (ddr-csujad-1-190)
A book order form. Books published by TecCom Productions include: Manzanar, Tule Lake, Rohwer, Heart Mountain, Assembly Center I (Santa Anita, Pomona, Fresno, Tulare, Pinedale, Salinas), Assembly Center II (Turlock, Tanforan, Stockton, Sacramento, Marysville, Portland, Puyallup). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_03_01_004
James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
doc James Kirihara interview (ddr-csujad-6-12)
Oral history interview with James Kirihara. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KIRIHARA_JAMES
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
doc Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
Oral history interview with Robert Ohki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OHKI_ROBERT
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
doc Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
Oral history interview with Frances Tashima. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TASHIMA_FRANCES
From the Immigrant and Negro Press-AMERICA'S YOUNGEST NEWSPAPER (ddr-csujad-19-52)
doc From the Immigrant and Negro Press-AMERICA'S YOUNGEST NEWSPAPER (ddr-csujad-19-52)
This is an article form the magazine "Common Ground," summer 1942, which discusses in detail about a lively mimeographed news paper called the "Manzanar Free Press" from the Manzanar incarceration camp which was one of the first camps in California for the people of the Japanese ancestry forced to evacuate. See this object in the California ...
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in ...
An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
av An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
Reflections of an elderly Orange County, California couple on their experiences in America. He recounts his years as an immigrant; she discusses her family background, makeup of Japanese-American community, and rural living. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton; interview conducted by Pat Morgan. ...
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part II (ddr-csujad-29-17)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part II (ddr-csujad-29-17)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers the Anglo reverends and ministers who helped her while she was incarcerated at Amache, how ...
Lillie McCabe (ddr-csujad-29-19)
img Lillie McCabe (ddr-csujad-29-19)
Photo of Lillie McCabe. Oral history audio and transcript are found in csufccop_jaoh_0030, csufccop_jaoh_0031, and csufccop_jaoh_0032. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1949_P03
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart ...
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers her childhood in Hollister, California, her family background; moving to Los Angeles, California in 1920 ...
An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
av An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
A Sansei and conscientious objector to the Vietnam war discusses alternate service as partner in Amerasia Bookstore, a nonprofit organization serving Los Angeles's Little Tokyo; activities in Young Buddhist Association; parent's reaction to his current life-style; and long term effect of World War II incarceration. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese Oral History Project ...
Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
doc Letter from S. [Koni] to Hon [F de Amat], November 13,1943 (ddr-csujad-2-4)
Letter from Shunichi K. to [F. de Amat] requesting status on his application to be repatriated to Japan with his wife. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0004
Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
doc Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
Oral history interview with Izumi Taniguchi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIGUCHI_IZUMI
Constitution and by-laws, self government assembly of the Santa Anita Assembly Center (ddr-csujad-16-2)
doc Constitution and by-laws, self government assembly of the Santa Anita Assembly Center (ddr-csujad-16-2)
According to its preamble, this "Constitution for the Santa Anita Assembly Center" was established by its residents "in order to uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States, to foster and spread the true spirit of Americanism, to build the character of our people morally and spiritually on American ideals, and to promote the welfare ...
University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
doc University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
Correspondence regarding a profile of incarceree Harry Osaka written by Robert Spencer. The profile was taken during a trip to Fresno for Harry's mother's funeral with Spencer as the escort and includes Harry's life and family story, farm business before incarceration, religious practices, holiday practices, description of funeral. Profile included as part of the Japanese American ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 18 (May 13, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 18 (May 13, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-18)
Selected article titles: "Plan Mark for Camp Walerga" (p.1), "More Specific Asian Breakdown in 1980 Census Requested" (p.1), "Needs of Asian Elderly Told to Federal Committee" (p.1, 3), "WCCA Preceded the WRA Camps" (p.2), "School Integration" (p.4), "Carnage in Cambodia" *p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 6 (August 5, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 6 (August 5, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-30)
Selected article titles: "Pro-Minority Text Dropped from OK List" (p.1, 3), "Bakke Case Jeopardizes Civil Rights Won Since 1940s, Rep. Chisholm Tells JACL" (p.1, 3), "Internment Credit Bill Hearing Set" (p.2), "Assembly Centers to Be Historical Site" (p.2), "Fresno Senior Citizens Express Needs in Survey" (p.3), "Nisei in Japan: Japanese and Nikkei Influences" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 12 (March 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-12)
Selected article titles: "'More Perfect Union': Smithsonian Gets Hate Mail on JA Exhibit" (pp. 1, 3), "Walerga Park: WW2 Assembly Center Site Memorialized with Plaque" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Personnel Manual: Framework for Discussion" (pp. 4-5), and "Backlash on the Campuses" (p. 5).
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-20)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family), dated June 30, 1942. Notes that the Kidas had written Ethel saying they were going to Eastern Oregon the next week. Also notes that the Krogmens visited the Kidas (likely in Portland). Asks if Al has visited.
Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki
doc Letter from George Kida to mother Miyuki "Kay" Kida (ddr-one-3-25)
Letter and envelope to Miyuki "Kay" Kida from George Kida. Describes work opportunities, conditions in the camp and surrounding area. Kenjiro is picking up potatoes and George is pitching bundles. Mentions someone named Satoshi (who he mentioned having bought a checker board with in a previous letter) who he is becoming friends with. Mentions having received ...
Letter from Sarah
doc Letter from Sarah "Sade" Pyatt to Kida family (ddr-one-3-17)
Letter from "Grandma" (Sarah "Sade" Pyatt) addressed to "folks" (meaning the Kida family) on June 16, 1942. Mrs. Pyatt asks after the family's well being after they had been vaccinated. Also tells of visits from several friends, including George Clark, Mr. Johnson, and Mrs. Crogman, who expressed her appreciation of having the Kidas' car to use. ...
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