Agriculture

Many Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) began as sharecroppers. Others sought to buy land, but the Issei had to overcome obstacles preventing them from competing with white farmers. California and other states passed alien land laws prohibiting Asian immigrants from purchasing or leasing agricultural land. There were ways around the discriminatory laws: an Issei father could put the property in the name of his American-born child, or issei could form corporations in which a majority of the shareholders were American citizens. Despite the alien land laws, Issei farmers played a significant role in West Coast agriculture. In the years just prior to World War II, Japanese American families grew 35 percent of the produce in California. By the 1920s, Japanese Americans supplied 75 percent of the produce and half the milk to the Puget Sound region.

Industry and employment (347)
Agriculture (594)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Seabrook Farms

594 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 6 (February 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 6 (February 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-6)
Selected article titles: "Immigration Amendments Due Early Committee Study" (p.1-2), "Utah Legislature for Validating Mixed Marriages before Repeal" (p.1), "Snake River Valley Issei-Nisei Lauded" (p.1), "Santa Maria Issei Popularizes Salads with Extensive Lettuce, Celery Farming" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 10 (March 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 10 (March 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-10)
Selected article titles: "1st Civil Rights Bill Passed in State of Utah" (p.1), "Home-Owners near Farm Labor Camp Protest Skid-Row Recruits" (p.1), "Wyoming Governor Signs Act Repealing Miscegenation Law" (p.1), "Immigration Testimony" (p.2), "First California Gray Whale Captured Alive for Sea World by Nisei Commercial Whaler, Considered Top U.S. Sharpshooter" (p.3), "Hawaii's Reapportionment Task Toughened by …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
Selected article titles: "Orange County Japanese Become Millionaires as Land Value Rise, but Hard Times Strike Growers in Imperial Valley-JHP Learns" (p.1-2), "Documents for History Project Gain in Volume" (p.1-2), "Ventura County Lemon Growers Authorized Limited 'Tanno' Use" (p.1-2), "100th, 442nd Designations to Be Retained" (p.3), "San Francisco Japanese Cultural, Trade Center Groundbreaking Rites Set Mar. …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 25 (June 18, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 25 (June 18, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-25)
Selected article titles: "History Project: Issei Railroaders in the Rockies" (p.1), "Tanno Laborers May Be Sent Home in Two Weeks: Wirtz" (p.1), "JACL Youth Survey among Chapters On" (p.1), "Supreme Court Decisions" (p.2), "Accent on Youth" (p.2), "Low Voter Registration in Hawaii May Bring in U.S. Registrars" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 5 (January 29, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 5 (January 29, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-5)
Selected article titles: "Wyoming Legislature Repeals Anti-Miscegenation Statute" (p.1-2), "Virginia Anti-Miscegenation Law Argued before Special U.S. Court" (p.1-2), "700 Supplemental Farm Workers Placed on 'Stand-By' in California" (p.1), "Alien Land Law Campaign in 1966 Sighted" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 6 (August 6, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 6 (August 6, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-32)
Selected article titles: "Apartments Outside Minority Section Won't Rent to Nisei" (p.1), "Future of Youth Is in Our Own Making: Y. Wada" (p.1, 4), "Official U.S. Supreme Court Includes Section of Japanese Americans" (p.1, 5), "U.S. and Vietnam" (p.2), "Union Leader Asks Some 700 Tanno Be Returned to Japan"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 18 (April 30, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 18 (April 30, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-18)
Selected article titles: "Wirtz Approves Use of Foreign Farm Workers" (p.1, 3), "Inouye Sponsors Bill Dealing with Migratory Labor" (p.1), "History Project: Issei Developed Famous Utah Celery" (p.2), "Nisei Criticizes President's New Farm Bill" (p.3), "Project to House Migrant Farm Laborers under Anti-Poverty Program Stalled" (p.3), "Vice President Humphrey Urges Labor to Assist Minority Citizens to …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-2)
Selected article titles: "Prop. 14 Upheld in First Test at Orange County" (p.1), "President Johnson Outlines His Thoughts of Great Society" (p.1-2), "California Braceros No More-Growers Uncertain about Future" (p.1), "San Francisco Main Port for Issei Emigres" (p.3), "Preparation Needed to Cope with Japanese Visitors to Hawaii" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 8 (February 19, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 8 (February 19, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-8)
Selected article titles: "No Racial Bias in Listing Real Property Asked" (p.1), "Nisei Growers Ask Contracts with 'Tanno' by Completed" (p.1), "History Project Commended by Sheriff for Bolstering Racial Pride and Family Ties" (p.1), "Federal Judges Decline to Rule on Virginia Anti-Miscegenation Case" (p.1-2), "Sen. Kuchel Criticizes Continuation of National Origins Limit on Immigration, Calls for …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 3 (January 15, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 3 (January 15, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-3)
Selected article titles: "Another Angle Proposed to Eliminate Alien Land Law" (p.1), "Texas Issei Pioneers in Farming Had Little Thought of 'Hiki-Age'" (p.1-2, 4), "Japanese Supplemental Farm Workers Program in California Jeopardized by Latest U.S. Labor Dept. Rule to Remove Braceros" (p.1), "Los Angeles Area Oriental Groups Form Council" (p.3-4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 6 (February 18, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 6 (February 18, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-6)
Selected article titles: "Seattle Fire Chief Raps Article Poking Fun at Asians, Chicanos" (p.1), "L.A. High Tensions Still Unabated" (p.1), "Mike Masaoka Hands in Notice to Terminate" (p.1), "Fear of Hysteria Led to Evacuation" (p.3-4), "Spring Pilgrimage to Manzanar on Mar. 25 Prelude to Dedication" (p.3-4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 17 (October 27, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 17 (October 27, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-42)
Selected article titles: "Utah Japanese Opposing Two Expansion Plans" (p.1), "Great Western Sugar Purchased by Nisei-Chaired Cooperative" (p.1), "Looking After 3,000 Acres" (p.2), "School Busing in Calif. Face Voters as Proposition 21" (p.4).
Kitako Izumizaki Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1015-3-22)
vh Kitako Izumizaki Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1015-3-22)
Changes in agriculture: the shift from small farmers to large companies
Bill Hirabayashi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1014-4-2)
vh Bill Hirabayashi Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1014-4-2)
Father's formation of a farming corporation with other families
Frank Kitamoto Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1001-25-22)
vh Frank Kitamoto Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1001-25-22)
Historical relationship between Japanese Americans and Filipino Americans on Bainbridge Island
Taylor Tomita Interview Segment 3 (ddr-one-7-61-3)
vh Taylor Tomita Interview Segment 3 (ddr-one-7-61-3)
Helping on family's strawberry farm as a child

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Yoshimitsu Suyematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-one-7-66-5)
vh Yoshimitsu Suyematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-one-7-66-5)
Description of family's prewar strawberry farm

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Yoshimitsu Suyematsu Interview Segment 3 (ddr-one-7-66-3)
vh Yoshimitsu Suyematsu Interview Segment 3 (ddr-one-7-66-3)
Prewar strawberry farming: a communal process

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

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