Agriculture

Many Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) began as sharecroppers. Others sought to buy land, but the Issei had to overcome obstacles preventing them from competing with white farmers. California and other states passed alien land laws prohibiting Asian immigrants from purchasing or leasing agricultural land. There were ways around the discriminatory laws: an Issei father could put the property in the name of his American-born child, or issei could form corporations in which a majority of the shareholders were American citizens. Despite the alien land laws, Issei farmers played a significant role in West Coast agriculture. In the years just prior to World War II, Japanese American families grew 35 percent of the produce in California. By the 1920s, Japanese Americans supplied 75 percent of the produce and half the milk to the Puget Sound region.

Industry and employment (346)
Agriculture (593)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Seabrook Farms

593 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 18 (October 31, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 18 (October 31, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-44)
Select article titles: "JACL Joins Campaign to Change Senate Filibustering Rules" (p.1); "Nisei researcher working for stronger looking potato without black spots" (P.3); "'Right to Work' initiative also hot for Wash. Voters" (p. 6)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 3 (January 16, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 3 (January 16, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-3)
Selected article titles: "Racial Relocation to ease tension?" (p. 1), "Anti-Nisei housing bias mooted by Utah civil righters" (p. 1), "50 of Calif.'s 80 Assemblymen Co-Author FEPC" (p. 1), "Univ. of Chicago Issei artist retires after 50-year association with college" (p. 1), "Columnist in L.A. Times comments on evacuation, hopes Sansei have as much diligence for ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 19 (May 6, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 19 (May 6, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-19)
Select article titles: "Farm Co-Op Manager Nominated for 'Nisei of Biennium' Award" (p.1); "Law Enforcement groups balk at Cal. FEP's suggested guide to prehiring questions" (p.1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 22 (June 1, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 22 (June 1, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-22)
Selected article titles: "Congressional Help Being Considered for Evacuee Tax Probe" (p.1), "'Varsity Victory Volunteers' Remembered as U. of Hawaii's Contribution to War Effort" (p.1), "California-Trained Farmers Make Good" (p.2), "Juvenile Delinquency Costs U.S. Taxpayers $4,000 a Year to Keep Youngster in State School-Twice Tuition to First-Rate Prep School" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 21 (May 25, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 21 (May 25, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-21)
Selected article titles: "Chuman Admonishes PSW Chapters" (p.1, 4), "Nisei Organized Firm Quoted Daily on Over Counter List" (p.1), "Housing Bias Report on Berkeley Due" (p.1), "Dr. Ogura Develops Substitute Larynx for Dog in Step to Aid Throat Cancer Victims" (p.2), "College Essay on Resettlement Patterns of Evacuees Wins Top Michigan Award" (p.2), "California Farmers Threatened ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 15 (April 9, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 15 (April 9, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-15)
Selected article titles: "Brown Supports Braoder Voter Rights Measures" (p.1), Evacuation Would Be Invalid under Present Court: Kido" (p.1), "U.S. Growers Must Compete for Domestic Workers, Says Wirtz" (p.1), "History Project: Boom and Bust of Berry Growers" (p.1-2), "What's Wrong with Anti-Poverty Program-House Task Force to Seek Answers" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 22 (May 28, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 22 (May 28, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-22)
Selected article titles: "History Project: Nisei Homesteads near Heart Mountain" (p.1), "Calif. FEPC Budget Slashed, Housing Program in Danger" (p.1), "Author Michener says 'Hawaii Way Ahead' in Civil Rights Fight, Might Return to Isles" (p.1), "Immigration Bill Timetable" (p.2), "Utah Opens Own Rights Commission" (p.3), "'Myakawa Rd.' in Houston Linked to Ill-Fated Rice-Growing PRoject Originator in ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 22 (November 26, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 22 (November 26, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-48)
Selected article titles: "Rights Commission Calls for New Laws, Better Enforcement" (p.1, 4), "Integration Speed-Up Urged at Planning Session on Civil Rights" (p.1-2), "Signing of New Immigration Bill Still no Help to Canadian Nisei of St. Louis" (p.1), "Old Virtues Fall into Disuse" (p.2), "Issei Came when Water Was Plentiful, Nisei Today Face Water Shortage but ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 12 (March 19, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 12 (March 19, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-12)
Selected article titles: "Washington State Legislators Order Land Law Repeal for '66" (p.1), "Non-Japanese Who Contributed to Nisei Community Due Awards" (p.1), "California Seeks 5,100 Mexican Farm Workers" (p.1, 3), "Shame of Selma" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 9 (February 26, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 9 (February 26, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-9)
Selected article titles: "History Project Drafting Plans of Nisei Survey" (p.1), "JACL to Seek Help for 'Tanno' on Humanitarian Principle" (p.1), "Prop. 14-type Threat Cited as Colorado Houses [sic] Passes Stronger Fair Housing Bill" (p.1), "In Memoriam: Larry Tajiri" (p.2), "History Project Uncovers 'Depressed Area' among Japanese Pear Orchardists in Placer County; Okei Grave Beautification Urged" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
Selected article titles: "Chavez Hurls Threat at Nisei Farm League" (p.1, 5), "Yen Claims Bill: Questions Raised, Answers Furnished" (p.1), "Immigrants Changing New York" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: Understand the Japanese?" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 6 (August 11, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 6 (August 11, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-31)
Selected article titles: "Seabrook Farms Eye Japanese Industries" (p.1), "Plight of Issei Living Below Poverty Level Raises Questions" (p.1), "San Francisco Community Group Toiling to Revitalize: (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 22, (June 8, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 22, (June 8, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-22)
Select article titles: "San Mateo City Council Anti-Nikkei Bias Festering" (p.1); "Aged Issei Seen as Target of Pressure from Nikkei Groups, Says Utah Savant" (p.1); "Bannai Looms as First Nisei to Sit in Assembly" (p.1); "Jobless Sac'to Asian Teachers Protest Hawaii Recruitment"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 12, (September 21, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 12, (September 21, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-37)
Select article titles: "50th Anniversary JACL's Oldest Chapter to Honor Hirasuna" (p.1); "Asian Americans Surpass Nat'l Average: Census" (p.1); "Nisei Farmers Form Patrols to Protect Raisins" (p.1); "Hakujin Comic Mistakes Nisei for Native from Japan" (p.2); "Japan Embassy Accepts Denial of FBI Break-in" (p.3); "Japanese Classes Underway at S.F. Grade, Jr. Highs" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
Select article titles: "New York Nikkei Groups Form Housing Corp" (p.1); "WRA Records to Be Retained in Nat'l Archives" (p.1); "Evacuee Teacher Bill Passes First Step in Sac'to" (p.1); "Bannai Bandwagon Rolls" (p.2); "U.S. Civil Rights Commission to Hear Problems of Calif. Asian American" (p.3); "Nisei Farmers League Defending Right of Farm Workers and Protecting Farms" ...
Japanese countryside (ddr-densho-397-158)
img Japanese countryside (ddr-densho-397-158)
The caption in the photo album reads "Countryside Sendai". A tilled field near Sendai on the northern portion of Honshu island. Takashi Matsui was stationed in Japan with the U.S. military during the Allied occupation of Japan after the end of World War II.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
Select article titles: "House group recommends temp'y farm labor plan be continued: 'No ill effects' on domestic labor market recorded" (p. 1); "JACL Campaign Against Anti-Nisei Films on TV Circularized by NARBT" (p. 1); "Small Claims Court Hears Civil Right Cases" (p. 1); "$86,550 damage suit filed in traffic death of Sakamoto" (p. 1); "Mr. Moto, ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 18 (May 3, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 18 (May 3, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-18)
Select article titles: "Congressional hearings end on use of temporary Japanese farm labor" (p. 1); "Congressmen to support JACL Nat'l TV protest" (p. 1); "Active Chicagoan Mike Hagiwara dies unexpectedly" (p. 1); "Denver TV stations promis no showing of anti-Nisei films" (p. 1); "Parents of grade school pupils urged to protest use of 'Firelight Reader'" (p. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 11 (March 16, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 11 (March 16, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-11)
Selected article titles: "Wing Luke Elected to Seattle Council" (p.1), "Congressional Boxscore" (p.1), "Oregon Orchardists Give Nisei Most Votes for Top Office" (p.1), "President Kennedy Urged to Restore Vested Property to Free Holdings Oversea" (p.2), "Congressional Record Publicizes Story of Konishi Family of Platteville, Colo., and His 'Company' of 13 Children" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 16 (October 18, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 16 (October 18, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-42)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Population Data on Japanese Revealed" (p. 1), "Japan's Postwar Constitution Hailed as 'Highly Workable' by Nisei Scholar" (pp. 1-2), "Hayasaka Keeps Busy Explaining Seattle Open-Housing Ordinance" (pp. 1-2), and "Task of Introducing Sugar Cane in Persian Area Described as Similar to Imperial Valley Falls upon Shoulder of Nisei" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 8 (February 21, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 8 (February 21, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-8)
Selected article titles: "Growers Council to Recruit Domestic Hands for Bracero" (p.1); "Federal Aid in Housing Periled by Initiative" (p.1), "Tacoma Voters Reject Housing Ordinance" (p.1), "Cortez JACL Planning Community Center" (p.1), "Civil Rights Act" (p.2), "City Hall Approves Li'l Tokio Rebuilding" (p.3), "Once a North Dakota Homesteader, Kitagawa Now a Spry 88" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
Selected article titles: "Seattle Sansei Freed on Bail in Mississippi" (p.1-2), "Japanese Language Project" (p.1-2), "ACLU Supports NAACP Suit to Void Prop. 14" (p.1), "When Bracero Program Ends, Call Retained Mexican Workers 'Primo'" (p1, 3), "'Inclusion' of Negro Jurors if Deliberate Held as Unconstitutional as 'Exclusion'" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 18 (October 30, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 18 (October 30, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-44)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Favoring Prop. 14 Are 'Misguided" Says Enomoto" (p.1), "8,000 Aliens Who Served in U.S. Armed Forces May Be Naturalized" (p.1), "Sen. Kuchel Urges Californians Not to Dignify Bias" (p.1), "Local School Boards Still Retain Power to District Zones, Supreme Court Decides" (p.1), "Soil Conservation Supervisors Hail Nisei Farmer for 'Pay as You ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 9 (February 28, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 9 (February 28, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-9)
Selected article titles: "Rumford Act Repeal Measure Found Qualified" (p.1), "Sen. Kuchel Honored by JACL; Predicts Civil Rights Bill Win" (p.1), "Gov. Brown Pledges Support to Seek Needed Farm Help" (p.1), "PSWDC Major Medical Insurance Program to Be Launced when Brochure Printed" (p.1), "Civil Rights Act" (p.2), "Nisei Pastor of Negro Church Cited" (p.3).
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