Agriculture

Many Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) began as sharecroppers. Others sought to buy land, but the Issei had to overcome obstacles preventing them from competing with white farmers. California and other states passed alien land laws prohibiting Asian immigrants from purchasing or leasing agricultural land. There were ways around the discriminatory laws: an Issei father could put the property in the name of his American-born child, or issei could form corporations in which a majority of the shareholders were American citizens. Despite the alien land laws, Issei farmers played a significant role in West Coast agriculture. In the years just prior to World War II, Japanese American families grew 35 percent of the produce in California. By the 1920s, Japanese Americans supplied 75 percent of the produce and half the milk to the Puget Sound region.

Industry and employment (346)
Agriculture (593)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Seabrook Farms

593 items
Farming fields in Tokyo (ddr-densho-299-49)
img Farming fields in Tokyo (ddr-densho-299-49)
Caption on reverse: "FEC-49-1870. 18 March 49 / NRS Project: / Use of land on flood plain of the / Tamagawa River, Tokyo for growing / wheat and cabbage. / Photographer - Dunn / Photograph by U.S. Army"
Japanese farmer planting rice (ddr-densho-299-176)
img Japanese farmer planting rice (ddr-densho-299-176)
Caption: "Rice plants are planted individually by hand in the muddy soil."
Farmers planting rice (ddr-densho-299-9)
img Farmers planting rice (ddr-densho-299-9)
Caption on reverse: "FEC-47-77282. 14 July 47 / Rice planting in Japan: / Japanese farmers force shoots / of rice into sodden earth of / a paddy located near Mount Fuji, / Japan. This extra-large rice / paddy is part of a ceaseless / battle against starvation in Japan. / Photographer - Kaye / Photograph by ...
Farmers threshing grains during harvest (ddr-densho-299-28)
img Farmers threshing grains during harvest (ddr-densho-299-28)
Caption on reverse: "FEC-47-77285. 14 July 47 / Japanese farmers work together / during harvest time: / Japanese women, men and children / thresh barley and other cereal / grains on a foot-powered threshing / machine at a farm located near / Mount Fuji, Japan. On farms such / as this it is often a community ...
Fields in the Arakawa River flood plain (ddr-densho-299-60)
img Fields in the Arakawa River flood plain (ddr-densho-299-60)
Caption on reverse: "FEC-49-1949. 25 March 49 / NRS Project: / Use of flood plain of the Arakawa River / for winter crops -- Tokyo. / Photographer - Crowe / Photograph by U.S. Army."
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 22 (November 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 22 (November 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-46)
Selected article titles: "Dr. Tom Yatabe, 80: 'Granddaddy of JACL" (p.1, 3), "NC-WNDC Reparation Survey: Only 5% Opposition" (p.1), "Cathy: Help for the Homeless" (p.1-2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
Selected article titles: "1400 Nikkei Turnout for Hayakawa" (p.1), "East Coast Nikkei Less Inclined for Individual Reparation Pay" (p.1), "The Great Drought of '77" (p.3), "The Intermarriage Question" (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 13 (September 23, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 13 (September 23, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-37)
Selected article titles: "JACL and CIC Testify for Evacuee Credit" (p.1), "JACL Looks at U.S.-Japan Friendship Act" (p.1), "EXECOM Actions Colored 'Gravenstein'" (p.1-2), "Ethnic Past's Preservation Is State's Aim" (p.2), "Reparations Survey Underway" (p.3), "YPCC Reunion-Every 50 Years" (p.4), "No 'Farewell to Manzanar'" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court: Rights of Alien to Be Police Argued, Other Major Cases on Aliens Still Pending" (p.1), "Seattle JACLer in Prominent Role at National Women's Conference" (p.1), "Carter Team Lashed for Shunning the Nikkei" (p.1, 9), "Reparations? No!" (p.4), "Evacuees from Peru" (p.5), "Calif. Agriculture and the Nikkei" (p.7), "A Third Position Presented ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 10 (March 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 10 (March 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-10)
Selected article titles: "JACL Panel Stresses Bilingual Programs in School Integration" (p.1), "HEW, Labor Cabinet Heads Assure Affirmative Action" (p.1), "Nat't JACL Director Selection Process" (p.2), "Two Ariyoshi Bills to Stem Flow of Newcomers" (p.2, 10", "Drought Affects Nisei Farms" (p.6), "Filial Piety in Sansei" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
Selected article titles: "Farm Leader Harry Kubo to Address Tri-District" (p.1-2), "NIMH Director Cites Issues Facing JACL" (p.1), "TV Newsman Carried Pardon Banner Since '68" (p.1-2), "Intermountain Feedback on Reparations Sought" (p.2, 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court Refuses Appeal from Young-Chin" (p.1), "Nisei Growers/Pickers in Wage Row" (p.1, 5), "Schools Built by Evacuees at Poston I and II to Be Razed" (p.1), "When Sachio Left Town, Even the Cows Were Blue" (p.3), "Anti-Minority Backlash" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 4 (February 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 4 (February 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-4)
Select article titles: "Chinese Immigration Relief Act Veto Sustained; Bush's Executive Order Rules"(p.1); "Study of JACL's Actions During WWII Due for April Presentation"(p.1); "Sen Nishiyama Compares Heritage and Human Rights in U.S.-Japan Relations at Selanoco Fete"(p.3); "Issei History of U.S. in Agriculture"(p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 6 (February 16, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 6 (February 16, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-6)
Select article titles: "NBC Sportscaster Apologizes for Racial Slurs in S.F. Talk Show"(p.1);"Spokane Spokesman Review, Nikkei Elders to Be Honored; Nakagawa, Ujifusa to Speak"(p.1);"Hate Crimes Stats Bill Passes Senate"(p.3); "Texas Issei Farms in Rio Grande Valley Succeed Except the 'Yamato Colony'"(p.5).
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