Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

World War II (13)
Economic losses (167)

167 items
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-10)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama at Fort Missula from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Portland. Postmarked March 24, 1942. In the lower left corner is a "CENSORED" stamp. The enclosed letter, dated March 23, 1942, has the same stamp at the top of the page. Teru writes about receiving his last letter, which made everyone ...
Issei farmer discussing lease with Chinese businessman (ddr-densho-151-285)
img Issei farmer discussing lease with Chinese businessman (ddr-densho-151-285)
Original caption: Hayward, California. Negi family, operators of a forty-acre leased truck farm, complete arrangements with a Chinese business man who is taking over this farm and equipment at the time of the family's voluntary evacuation to Colorado, prior to Civilian Exclusion Orders.
Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
img Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Civilian Exclusion Order Number 5, ordering evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry, posted in a vacant store window on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. This establishment, like many others in Chinatown, was operated by proprietors of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
img "Evacuation sale" at Japanese American store (ddr-densho-151-92)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Customers buy merchandise in a store operated by a proprietor of Japanese ancestry during a pre-evacuation sale. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japantown store prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-325)
img Japantown store prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-325)
Original caption: Florin, California. View on main street of this little agriculture town in the center of the strawberry and grape-producing area occupied mostly by residents of Japanese ancestry. Evacuation is due in two days of people of Japanese descent from this community.
Farmer closing his greenhouse prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-128)
img Farmer closing his greenhouse prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-128)
Original caption: Mission San Jose, California. Ready to close the doors of greenhouse on strawberry truck farm in Santa Clara County. Evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed in War Relocation Authority center for the duration.
Japanese-owned farm recently sold (ddr-densho-151-121)
img Japanese-owned farm recently sold (ddr-densho-151-121)
Original caption: Near Centerville, Alameda County, California. Japanese berry farm transferred to a Yugoslavian in United States since 1913.
img "Evacuation sale" at business run by Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-151-137)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. A study in contrast in Chinatown: The store on the right is operated by a proprietor of Japanese ancestry, and does a land office business as evacuation nears. Previously, many similar stores suffered losses of patronage because of boycott on Japanese products. Evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed in War ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 6 (January 20, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-267)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 6 (January 20, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-267)
"Yorty's Bill Would End Racial Bias" (p. 1), "Loss Caused by Leasehold Sale Allowed Under Claims Act : ADC" (p. 1), "Tentative 3-Day Program Announced for '51 N.W. Young Buddhist Conclave" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
"Two Measures Go to House; Hit Race Bias" (p. 1), "Mitchell Introduces Measure Altering Naturalization Laws; Lauds War Record of Nisei, Issei" (p. 1), "Evacuee Claim OK'd Under Act" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 47 (July 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-35)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 47 (July 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-35)
"Fights Use of Japanese in Job Classification" (p. 1), "ADC Receives New Version of H.R. 3999" (p. 1), "NVC Supports Measure on Citizenship" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
"Center Blaze Sufferers Get Loss Claims" (p. 1), "Nisei War Memorial Army Raises $1,623 Here" (p. 1), "Union Membership Sought for Issei" (p. 2), "Fights Seizure of Alien's Land for War Claims" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 24 (March 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-191)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 24 (March 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-191)
"Delay by Senate on ENI Bill Looms; New York Post Scribe Fears Road "Very Uncertain" (p. 1), "President Inks Contraband Bill" (p. 1), "Letter to CARE from Japan" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 63 (September 2, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-50)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 63 (September 2, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-50)
"Extends Deadline For Filing Claims To Get Frozen Money" (p. 1), "Rules Alien Japanese May Still Lease Land in California" (p. 1) "Tokyo Rations Water Now" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
"International Body Ousts Local 7 Officers" (p. 1), "Urges Board to Sift Loss in Evacuation" (p. 1), "Death of Race Ties Unit of NHA Set for Monday, June 30; Lack of Funds Forces Move, Aide Says" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
"Issei, Nisei May Get Claims Forms for Lost or Damaged Articles" (p. 1), "Bill Gives Atty. - Gen More Power" (p. 1), "Shaft Honors War Dead of This Area" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
"ADC Fund Push Opens with Kickoff Luncheon" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2), "ADC to Ask Amendment to HR 199" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 80 (September 25, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-142)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 80 (September 25, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-142)
"Remains of Corporal Kokubu Join Graves of Two Other Nisei Dead at Arlington Cemetery" (p. 1), "Ennis, Masaoka to Meet Lawyers on Handling of Claims Forms" (p. 4)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
"JACL to Submit Memo to U.S. on Claims Matter" (p. 1), "Wash. State Bonus Queries Clarified" (p. 1), "If You Have Any Evacuation Claims, File Before Jan. 2, ADC Suggests" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
"ADC Will Meet to Discuss Funds for Claims Unit" (p. 1), "Pfc. Takahashi Services Held" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
"Revelle Points Out Generals' High Opinion of Fighting 442nd Combat Team" (p. 1), "Seattle JACL Chapter Urges Issei to Apply for Naturalization Now" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 31 (April 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-198)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 31 (April 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-198)
"Hopes Rise on Senate Approval of Judd's ENI Legislation" (p. 1), "Local ADC Fund Push of $5,000 Starts April 20" (p. 1),
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