114 items
Letter from Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-67-126)
doc Letter from Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-67-126)
Letter to Mr. and Mrs. Hughes from Edward Ennis. Ennis is responding to a letter written by the couple protesting internment. Ennis assures them that the government will not take away the constitutional rights of Japanese Americans.
Telephone conversation between General DeWitt, General Gullion and Colonel Bendetsen (ddr-densho-67-118)
doc Telephone conversation between General DeWitt, General Gullion and Colonel Bendetsen (ddr-densho-67-118)
Transcript of a telephone conversation between General DeWitt, General Gullion and Colonel Bendetsen on evacuation. They are discussing a pending press release on the alleged subversive activities on the West Coast. They want to change the press release to favor mass evacuation of all people of Japanese ancestry.
Petition to Congress from the Presbytery of the Redwoods (ddr-densho-67-73)
doc Petition to Congress from the Presbytery of the Redwoods (ddr-densho-67-73)
This group protests the evacuation of Japanese Americans on the grounds that it is unconstitutional. They suggest holding hearings in camps and then allowing the innocent to return home. They also warn that harsh treatment of Japanese Americans will fuel Japanese propaganda and lead to punishment of American POWs.
Memo to John J. McCloy from Karl Bendetsen (ddr-densho-67-69)
doc Memo to John J. McCloy from Karl Bendetsen (ddr-densho-67-69)
Memo to John J. McCloy from Karl Bendetsen about General DeWitt's stance on the draft. Suggests that DeWitt wants harsher penalities for draft resistance, i.e. making it a felony instead of a misdemeanor. Reasons that "you can shoot a man to prevent the commission of a felony" and not a misdemeanor.
Lt. K.D. Ringle's
doc Lt. K.D. Ringle's "Report on the Japanese Question" (ddr-densho-67-9)
Report by Lt. K.D. Ringle, of of the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI). Opinions: the vast majority of nisei are loyal to the U.S.; less than 3% possibly could act as saboteurs or agents, and are already known to FBI and ONI; nisei should be encouraged to participate in war effort; kibei are most dangerous, should ...
Series of responses to a letter (ddr-densho-67-46)
doc Series of responses to a letter (ddr-densho-67-46)
A series of responses to a letter written by Congressman Charles F. Ayer to John W. McCormack regarding the "Jap menace" in Hawaii. Urges the evacuation of all Japanese from Hawaii to the mainland to protect from invasion. McCormack forwards this letter to Henry L. Stimson. Thos. T. Handy, assistant chief of staff, forwards the McCormack ...
Memo from James Fly to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-77)
doc Memo from James Fly to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-77)
Memo from James Fly to Francis Biddle on the incompetence of the Army's Intelligence division. Fly informs Biddle that all of the Army's reports on illegal radio signaling were false. Suggests that the Army's Radio Intelligence Division was so inept that they consistently misinterpreted data, which was unquestioned by J.L. DeWitt. Calls the entire division "pathetic" ...
Telephone conversation between Bendetsen and Tate (ddr-densho-67-112)
doc Telephone conversation between Bendetsen and Tate (ddr-densho-67-112)
Transcript of telephone conversation between Bendetsen and Tate. Tate proposes two plans: first, that Justices of the Peace be appointed to each camp to hold trials; second, that they begin censoring the mail. Tate suggests that they even withhold the mail like they do with "military prisoners."
Memo by General DeWitt (ddr-densho-67-81)
doc Memo by General DeWitt (ddr-densho-67-81)
Memo by General DeWitt regarding evacuation of "enemy aliens" on the West Coast. DeWitt comments on a program for evacuation as decided by the California House of Representatives and agrees that the Army and not the Justice Department should control evacuation. Suggests that the Attorney General is not doing an adequate job. He indicates that he ...
Memo:
doc Memo: "Japanese Problem in Hawaii" (ddr-densho-67-64)
Memo to Col. Scobey from G.S. Eckhardt regarding the Japanese in Hawaii, specifically Gen. Emmons' power to evacuate. Suggests that Emmons is currently evacuating all aliens and "dangerous" citizens to the mainland, but cannot send more than 5,000.
Memo to Frank Knox from the Vice Chief of Naval Operations (ddr-densho-67-85)
doc Memo to Frank Knox from the Vice Chief of Naval Operations (ddr-densho-67-85)
Memo to Frank Knox from the Vice Chief of Naval Operations regarding the Nisei. Suggests that the nisei should not enlist in the armed services except for a select few in Intelligence. Also agrees with a previous statement that 85 percent of the Nisei are loyal. Wants the government to encourage loyalty of the nisei for ...
Letter by John L. DeWitt:
doc Letter by John L. DeWitt: "Retention of Japanese Evacuees in War Relocation Projects" (ddr-densho-67-27)
Letter written John L. DeWitt, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to Chief of Staff, U.S. Army. Recommends separation of the "potentially dangerous" persons within the concentration camps, as well as acquisition of data about the Japanese as a race, to be used in actual and psychological warfare. Also recommends that the War Department retain persons of Japanese ...
Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes (ddr-densho-67-96)
doc Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes (ddr-densho-67-96)
Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes. Ickes expresses concern over the hostile situation that has developed in the camps. He attributes this to the poor way the evacuees have been treated. Ickes also worries that thousands of loyal Japanese have recently turned "angry" and suggests better leadership in the War Relocation ...
Memorandum for the Solicitor General, Re: Japanese Brief (ddr-densho-67-68)
doc Memorandum for the Solicitor General, Re: Japanese Brief (ddr-densho-67-68)
Memo to the Solicitor General from Edward J. Ennis about an article written by Lt. Com. K. D. Ringle. Pg. 1: Ennis summarizes the article, which states that the Japanese are loyal, thus internment should have been on an individual basis. Pg. 2: Ringle's views are shared by the Navy, who thinks that evacuation was handled ...
Memo:
doc Memo: "Reported Bombing and Shelling of the West Coast" (ddr-densho-67-19)
Memo to the Attorney General from J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI. Refutes statements made in J.L. DeWitt's Final Report that there was espionage activity conducted by Japanese on the West Coast immediately following Pearl Harbor. The FBI investigated all allegations, and found no evidence to support such claims.
Memo:
doc Memo: "Evacuation of Japanese from Hawaii" (ddr-densho-67-48)
Memo from John McCloy to General Eisenhower giving reasons against incarcerating Hawaiian Japanese: lack of materials and shipping, labor shortage that would ensue, and possible tensions between mainland and Hawaiian Japanese. McCloy also worries about the legalities of evacuating Hawaiian Japanese. Suggests that General Emmons should be in charge of evacuating a select number of "enemy ...
Letter by John L. DeWitt:
doc Letter by John L. DeWitt: "Separation of Kibei from Nisei" (ddr-densho-67-24)
Letter written by John L. DeWitt, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to Chief of Staff, U.S. Army. DeWitt's conclusions: co-mingling of Kibei with Nisei is dangerous, and Kibei are a threat to national security. Recommends that the War Department institute a policy which would separate the Kibei from the Nisei, forfeit the U.S. citizenship of the Kibei, ...
Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-65)
doc Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-65)
Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii. Memo 1: from Frank Knox to President Roosevelt. He suggests that proper action against the Japanese in Hawaii is not being taken and urges the President to look into the matter. Memo 2: Henry Stimson to President Roosevelt. Assures the President that the situation is under control -- ...
Interview with Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-67-97)
doc Interview with Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-67-97)
Interview with Edward Ennis, U.S. Department of Justice attorney. Ennis recalls his feelings about evacuation, internment and reparations. He also describes the roles and opinions of President Roosevelt, J. Edgar Hoover, General DeWitt, Attorney General Francis Biddle and others.
Memo from John Burling to Philip Glick (ddr-densho-67-116)
doc Memo from John Burling to Philip Glick (ddr-densho-67-116)
Memo from John Burling to Philip Glick on a WRA memo called "validity of detention." Burling critiques the WRA memo -- written in connection to the Korematsu brief -- because of its reliance on DeWitt's Final Report. States that it is also based on heresay and rumors that were never proved to be true, such as ...
Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-20)
doc Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-20)
Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General regarding "alien enemies" and internal security. Hoover states his belief that there should be an identification and registration process for all "alien enemies" in the U.S. He recommends that there should be an authority permitted to apprehend citizens and aliens under suspicion. States that ...
Transcript of conversation between Col. Bendetsen and Lt. Hall (ddr-densho-67-49)
doc Transcript of conversation between Col. Bendetsen and Lt. Hall (ddr-densho-67-49)
Conversation between Col. Bendetsen and Lt. Hall on General Emmons and his powers regarding evacuation to the mainland. They discuss how Emmons does not wish to evacuate more than 3,000 Japanese. References to his relationship to the Hawaiian economy are made. They also discuss legal technicalities of Hawaiian evacuation - what powers General Emmons possesses and ...
Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
doc Memo from Delos Emmons to John J. McCloy (ddr-densho-67-45)
Memorandum from Delos Emmons, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to John J. McCloy, Assistant Secretary of War, regarding a previous report on the Japanese in Hawaii. In this memo, Emmons refutes much of the information in the report. He dispels many of the rumors about the Hawaiian Japanese and admonishes the author of the report for being ...
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
doc Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy requesting information on the 400 evacuated Japanese. Very concerned with whether Hawaiian Japanese should be isolated or permitted contact with mainland Japanese. Indicates a belief that Hawaiian Japanese will infect mainland Japanese. McCloy also asks Emmons if he can stop evacuation without compromising security. Evacuated Japanese prove to ...
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