110 items
Memo regarding DeWitt's Final Report (ddr-densho-67-101)
doc Memo regarding DeWitt's Final Report (ddr-densho-67-101)
Memo from Edward Ennis to Francis Biddle regarding DeWitt's Final Report. Ennis describes how the War Department tried to keep the report away from the Department of Justice until he saw it by accident. Ennis is protesting the way that DeWitt portrayed the Attorney General and the Justice Department. He suggests that they convince the War ...
Letter from Francis Biddle to James Fly (ddr-densho-67-100)
doc Letter from Francis Biddle to James Fly (ddr-densho-67-100)
Letter from Francis Biddle to James Fly inquiring about the accuracy of DeWitt's Final Report. Biddle is concerned with the report because of its importance in evacuation decision and because Department of Justice investigations found it baseless. Biddle specifically wants to know if the Federal Communications Commission also investigated the alleged ship-to-shore contacting and if DeWitt ...
Letter by John L. DeWitt:
doc Letter by John L. DeWitt: "Retention of Japanese Evacuees in War Relocation Projects" (ddr-densho-67-27)
Letter written John L. DeWitt, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to Chief of Staff, U.S. Army. Recommends separation of the "potentially dangerous" persons within the concentration camps, as well as acquisition of data about the Japanese as a race, to be used in actual and psychological warfare. Also recommends that the War Department retain persons of Japanese ...
Interview with Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-67-97)
doc Interview with Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-67-97)
Interview with Edward Ennis, U.S. Department of Justice attorney. Ennis recalls his feelings about evacuation, internment and reparations. He also describes the roles and opinions of President Roosevelt, J. Edgar Hoover, General DeWitt, Attorney General Francis Biddle and others.
Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-47)
doc Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-47)
Letter from Commander John Ford to Frank Knox about the Japanese in Hawaii. He warns about the infiltration of "disloyals" and stresses the failure of the FBI and military in controlling the situation. Also mentions the Big Five's dependence on skilled Japanese labor. Knox forwards this to President Roosevelt urging him to consider evacuating all Japanese ...
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
doc Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy requesting information on the 400 evacuated Japanese. Very concerned with whether Hawaiian Japanese should be isolated or permitted contact with mainland Japanese. Indicates a belief that Hawaiian Japanese will infect mainland Japanese. McCloy also asks Emmons if he can stop evacuation without compromising security. Evacuated Japanese prove to ...
Memo from Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Secretary of War (ddr-densho-67-13)
doc Memo from Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Secretary of War (ddr-densho-67-13)
Memo regarding the encouraging of Americanization in the Army. FDR states separate, race-based battalions or units should be formed on a case-by-case basis, and limited to cases where political advantages are to be gained.
Memo Re: General DeWitt's report on the Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-75)
doc Memo Re: General DeWitt's report on the Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-75)
Memo from Francis Biddle to Harold Ickes on DeWitt's Final Report. Biddle informs Ickes that parts of DeWitt's report have been refuted by the Federal Communications Commission. Suggests that the information the government received about ship-to-shore signaling and other sabotage was inaccurate.
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons (ddr-densho-67-55)
doc Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons (ddr-densho-67-55)
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons on the status of Japanese Americans on mainland. Discusses failure of voluntary induction in the army due to "resentment" and "anti-American" kibei and issei. Mentions segregation of loyals and disloyals as not happening because of lack of space. Suggests to Emmons that these complications have prevented evacuation ...
Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-99)
doc Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-99)
Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson discussing possibility of evacuation. Biddle states that the Department of Justice has no authority to evacuate American citizens and legal problems could arise if the army chooses to evacuate. Urges Stimson to consider his suggestions before he makes a decision.
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-56)
doc Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-56)
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Dillon Myer regarding Gen. Emmons' response to halting evacuation of Hawaiian Japanese to the mainland. Emmons agreed to suspend evacuation except for those who "would be considered safe" in the mainland. Emmons also states that the response to the all-nisei team was favorable and projects 10,000 nisei volunteers. He suggests ...
Memo to Francis Biddle from Congressman Ward Johnson (ddr-densho-67-128)
doc Memo to Francis Biddle from Congressman Ward Johnson (ddr-densho-67-128)
Memo to Francis Biddle from California Congressman Ward Johnson urging immediate incarceration of Japanese Americans.
Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden (ddr-densho-67-61)
doc Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden (ddr-densho-67-61)
Memo to Col. Karl Bendetsen from David J. McFadden on the existing Hawaiian-Japanese evacuation program. Suggests not evacuating Japanese for a number of reasons: evacuation would "cripple" the Hawaiian economy, lack of resources, etc. Suggests small-scale evacuation for people matching certain criteria -- this would be a "token evacuation" to satisfy those who strongly advocated for ...
Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-20)
doc Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-20)
Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis M. Shea, Assistant Attorney General regarding "alien enemies" and internal security. Hoover states his belief that there should be an identification and registration process for all "alien enemies" in the U.S. He recommends that there should be an authority permitted to apprehend citizens and aliens under suspicion. States that ...
Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-65)
doc Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii (ddr-densho-67-65)
Series of memos regarding the Japanese in Hawaii. Memo 1: from Frank Knox to President Roosevelt. He suggests that proper action against the Japanese in Hawaii is not being taken and urges the President to look into the matter. Memo 2: Henry Stimson to President Roosevelt. Assures the President that the situation is under control -- ...
Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-102)
doc Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-102)
Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle regarding evacuation. Hoover assesses the situation on the West Coast due to the pending Executive Order. Concludes that although mass removal is based on race hysteria, Japanese Americans still pose a threat because of their loyalty to Japan. Suggests that in the case of an ...
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
doc Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer summarizing a previous message sent to General Delos Emmons about evacuating Hawaiian Japanese. Outlines four major problems with evacuation to the mainland, including legal complications, lack of resources, and potential for tensions between Hawaiian and mainland Japanese. Advises Emmons to reconsider evacuation program.
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