Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (90)
Incarceration during World War II (5)
Life in Canada
Redress and reparations (9)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

90 items
Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1006-2-8)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1006-2-8)
Description of living conditions in Tashme

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1006-2-9)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1006-2-9)
Deciding to move east after leaving Tashme

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-4-4)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-4-4)
Parents' early farm in Mission: sponsoring workers from Japan

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1006-4-5)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1006-4-5)
Helping on family farm as a child

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 on Senate Backburner--Amendments Submitted" (pp. 1, 10), "Positive 'Role Model': Inouye Receives AAPAA Award" (pp. 1-2), "Matsueda Not Just in It for the Laughs" (pp. 1-2), "Reparations Legislation Is Racist" (p. 5), and "Survivor's Mission: We Can't Afford Another Hiroshima" (pp. 6-7).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 55 (August 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-42)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 55 (August 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-42)
"Senate Approves Measure to Probe Immigration Situation in Nation" (p. 1), "Kawakita to be Tried for Treason in Los Angeles on October 21" (p. 1) "About The Sun's Invasion of B.C." (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 34 (May 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-20)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 34 (May 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-20)
"House Unit Hearing on H.R. 2933 Finished" (p. 1), "Lifts Curbs on Japanese East of B.C." (p. 1), "Geisha Girls Are Having a Rough Time Under Allied Rule, It Says Here" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 68 (September 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-55)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 68 (September 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-55)
"Asks for Unity on Bainbridge in Hall Issue" (p. 1), "Canada Ends Voluntary "Repatriation' of Japanese at Government Expense" (p. 1), "Backs Americanism Body's Action" (p. 1), "LARA Reports Relief Aid to Needy Japan" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 93 (November 10, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-154)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 93 (November 10, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-154)
"Board to Hear All Claims" (p. 1), "Two Seattle Nisei War Dead To Be Laid to Rest Nov. 20. Thirteen More Due in U.S." (p.1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 82 (November 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-69)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 82 (November 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-69)
"Portland, Seattle Ready to Greet ADC Chieftain" (p. 1), "Canadians to Consider Civil Rights Measure" (p. 1), "Newsman Learns Japanese Hope for U.S.-Soviet War" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 56 (August 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-43)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 56 (August 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-43)
"Ex-Navy Officer Wires Governor in Montana for Permission to Wed Japanese Girl in Tokyo" (p. 1), "Protest Canada's Program to Deal with Japanese Evacuation Losses" (p. 1), "Emperor's Gold Fish Unimportant, No Longer Under Law in Japan" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 41 (May 21, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-208)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 41 (May 21, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-208)
"B.C. Union Resolves Not to Oppose to Japanese Getting Fish Licenses" (p. 1), "Local Community Will Pay Tribute to GI Dead May 30" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
"NVC to Show 442nd Film" (p. 1), "U.S. Navy Now Admits Nisei" (p. 1), "Three Judges Hear Case of Mrs. Bouiss" (p. 1), "Two Wholesale Evacuations: American and Canadian" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 60 (July 27, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-227)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 60 (July 27, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-227)
"Canada Japanese to Get Bonus" (p. 1), "Ex-Seattleite in Tokyo Reports on Japanese Repats from USSR" (p. 1).
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 31 (September 28, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-37)
Selected article titles: "Supervisor Thomas: Circulation of Written Matter Must Be Approved" (pp. 1-2), "Canada Nisei Nearly Mobbed" (p. 1), and "New Teachers Supplement School Staff" (p. 4).
Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 61 (ddr-densho-1000-198-61)
vh Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 61 (ddr-densho-1000-198-61)
Unique position as chairman of the Japanese Canadian Redress Foundation
Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1006-4-22)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1006-4-22)
Deciding to return to Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1006-3-3)
vh Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1006-3-3)
Immigrating to Canada, initially feeling "kind of lonesome"

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1006-1-19)
vh Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1006-1-19)
Thoughts on importance of Japanese immigration to Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
Selected article titles: "Legal Experts Discuss Redress for Japanese American Internees" (pp. 1-2), "Go for Broke: A Pictorial History of the Japanese American 100th Infantry and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team" (pp. 8-12), "Comparative Survey Shows Aged Japanese Worry Less, Prefer Work Until Age 70 to Leisure" (p. 12), and "Toronto Nikkei Backs New Human Rights ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
"Japan Pushes Tourist Plan for 1948, 1949" (p. 1), "Vancouver CLU Opposes Curbs Against Japanese Canadians" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 94 (November 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-155)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 94 (November 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-155)
"Trends Show B.C. Resettlers Intend to Stay Put in East; Population Increase Cited" (p. 1), "National JACL-ADC Mails First of Series of Papers Designed to Aid Claimants" (p. 1)
API