Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (120)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

120 items
Pacific Citizen, Supplement to 1974 Holiday Issue (December 20-27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Supplement to 1974 Holiday Issue (December 20-27, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-51)
Supplement to 1974 holiday issue. Selected article titles: "Issei as Technical Advisers to Japan" (pp. 1, 10), "'42 Hysteria Led to Concentration Camps" (pp. 1, 3), "U.S.-Canada Nikkei Alliance Urged" (pp. 1, 11), and "National Constitution Japanese American Citizens League" (pp. 8-9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-1)
Selected article titles: "Legal Experts Discuss Redress for Japanese American Internees" (pp. 1-2), "Go for Broke: A Pictorial History of the Japanese American 100th Infantry and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team" (pp. 8-12), "Comparative Survey Shows Aged Japanese Worry Less, Prefer Work Until Age 70 to Leisure" (p. 12), and "Toronto Nikkei Backs New Human Rights ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 17 (October 25, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 17 (October 25, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-44)
Select article titles: "Col. Rasmussen recalls Gettysburg speech at Arlington rites for Nisei war dead" (p. 1); "Supreme court hears arguments on nishikawa citizenship case" (p. 1); "No need of mass evacuation in wartime in future, Myer says" (p. 3); Canadian Nisei protest filming of anti-Nisei film over upstate new York TV station by writing to ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 17 (April 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 17 (April 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-17)
Select article titles: "'Red' smear over Hawaii statehood refuted by CL; anti-Nisei editorial in Oklahoma slammed by senator" (p. 1); "Anti-Japanese bigotry injected by Tulsa editorial fighting Hawaiian statehood" (p. 1); "House surveying Japanese Labor Program in Cal." (p. 1); "1st Nisei 'reported killed' in Korea very healthy, re-enlists for 6 years" (p. 1); "Sponsors seek ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
"130 Strandees Ask Re-Entry, JCCA Reports" (p. 1), "Justice Department Unit Aide Outlines How Its L.A. Office Will Process the Claims" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 20 (February 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-91)
"Ten Sit-Down Strikers Determined to Squat in Former RAF Quarters in Moose Jaw Until March 31" (p. 1), "I.A.M. Awaits End of Alaska Worker Issue" (p. 1), "824 Yankees Wed Japanese Through Jan. 1" (p. 2), "ADC Aide Assured Backing of West Virginia Leaders" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
"Franchise for B.C. Japanese Urged in Wismer Amendment" (p. 1), "Cites Hardships Due to Ruling" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for March 26 to Salute 7 Nisei War Dead; Services to be in Bukkyo-Kai" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 94 (November 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-155)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 94 (November 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-155)
"Trends Show B.C. Resettlers Intend to Stay Put in East; Population Increase Cited" (p. 1), "National JACL-ADC Mails First of Series of Papers Designed to Aid Claimants" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 37 (April 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-105)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 37 (April 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-105)
"Acheson, Wirin Challenge Validity of Wartime Rider to Calif. Measure Denying Japanese Fishing License" (p. 1), "B.C. Regime to Lift Job Ban but No Franchise Reported Yet" (p. 1), "Gen. Clark and McCloy Endorse Judd's Naturalization Measure" (p. 5), "State Department Opens Way for Boom in Asia" (p. 5).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 75 (October 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-62)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 75 (October 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-62)
"Two Seek Citizenship Restoration Under Judge Cavanaugh's Ruling" (p. 1), "Jackson Street District Reports 156 Per Cent of Quota in 1947 Drive" (p. 1), "B.C. Official Protest Race Restrictions" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 59 (July 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-226)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 59 (July 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-226)
"This is Mike Masaoka's Testimony at Senate Hearings on ENI Bill" (p. 1), "B.C. Evacuation Will be Aired" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 104 (December 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-165)
"Demo Leader OK's Rights Legislation" (p. 1), "Settlement Nears for Peru Japanese Stranded in U.S., Masaoka Reports" (p. 1), "B.C. to Continue Evacuee Aid" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
"First Nisei War Dead to Arrive Late in 1948, JACL is Informed" (p. 1), "Canadian Property Owners Agree to Evacuation Loss Terms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 25 (April 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-11)
"Japan Pushes Tourist Plan for 1948, 1949" (p. 1), "Vancouver CLU Opposes Curbs Against Japanese Canadians" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.10 (September 5, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.10 (September 5, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-36)
Select article titles: "Snake River Valley potato farmers worry over 'no price" and Sansei" (p.1); "Job discrimination against Nisei going 'underground'" (p.3); "Historical account of Japanese Canadians in British Columbia set for Centennial" (p.8)
Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1006-3-3)
vh Kimi Wakabayashi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1006-3-3)
Immigrating to Canada, initially feeling "kind of lonesome"

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1006-1-19)
vh Mitsu Ito Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1006-1-19)
Thoughts on importance of Japanese immigration to Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1006-4-22)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1006-4-22)
Deciding to return to Canada

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
Select article titles: "JACL accepts Governor's call to attend senior citizens talk" (p.1); "Heartache and hardship immigration cases cited in JCCA brief evoke sympathy from Canada legislators and prime minister" (p.1); "Issei widow nearly deported to Mexico saved by CL plea" (p.3); "Magnuson hits alien land law as undemocratic" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 10 (March 4, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-10)
Select article titles: "ACLU challenges immigration officials view to detain and check citizenship" (p. 1); "Nisei ichthyologist skin-dives into Florida underwater caves in project to determine when first man lived in Americas" (p.7); "Nisei Canadians seek liberalization of immigration laws" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
Selected article titles: "Redress Recipients in Colorado Hail Passage of Bill" (p. 1), "JACL Responds to Company Selling 'Racist' Comic Books" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadian Art Works Gathered for Major Exhibit" (p. 2), and "American Jewish Committee Partners with Japan JACL on Cultural Exchange" (pp. 3, 5).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 53 (July 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-220)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 53 (July 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-220)
"Poetess Depicts Mass Evacuation of B.C. Japanese" (p. 1), "Otoshi Describes Experiences at Evergreen Boys' State" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 80 (October 7, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-248)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 80 (October 7, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-248)
"Canadian Japanese Unit Submits Eight-Point Proposal Calling for More Funds for Wartime Evacuees" (p. 1), "Memorial Monument in Rose City will Salute 14 Nisei GI War Dead; Dedication Rites to be Oct. 30" (p. 1), "M. Masaoka is "Nisei of Year' at JACL Confab" (p. 1).
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