Japanese Canadians

During World War II, approximately 21,000 Japanese Canadians, citizens and non-citizens alike, were removed from their homes in western British Columbia and placed in camps in the interior of the country. Able-bodied men, both Issei and Nisei, were separated from their families and sent to work in forests and on railroads and highways. Families were subsequently banished to remote mining ghost towns, sent to work on sugar beet farms, or permitted to resettle east of the Cascade Mountains where the government severely restricted their movements. Land, buildings, and other properties were seized without compensation and without the owners' permission. Japanese Canadians were forbidden from returning to the West Coast until 1949, four years after the war ended. In September 1988, the Canadian government formally apologized for the mass removal and incarceration and awarded individual compensation to all survivors.

Japanese Canadians (109)
Incarceration during World War II (8)
Life in Canada (3)
Redress and reparations (12)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
S.I. Hayakawa, Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration

109 items
Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1006-2-7)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1006-2-7)
Memories of removal to Hastings Park and Tashme

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1006-4-16)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1006-4-16)
Feelings as a Japanese Canadian serving in the Japanese navy

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1006-4-23)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1006-4-23)
Thoughts on identity as a Japanese Canadian who lived in Japan

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 7 (February 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-7)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Celebrates Victory" (pp. 1, 5), "Noted Architect Yamasaki Dies" (p. 1), "East Wind: The Canadian Nisei" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Overseas Japanese" (p. 5).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
"Many Alaska Salmon Industry Workers Sought" (p. 1), "Report Cites B.C. Removal of Japanese" (p. 1), "Okada and Satow Will Speak Here Monday Night in Buddhist Church; Report on Claims Board Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
"Nisei War Dead on Second Shipment of State Servicemen Killed in Action" (p. 1), "New Local 7 Cannery Union Officers Will be Installed on Nov. 1" (p. 1), "JCCC Promises Legal Experts for Japanese" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
"Claims Total Here to Date Set at $20,000" (p. 1), "Orientals Win Voting Rights" (p. 1), "Queen Terri and Attendants Invite City of Los Angeles to Join in Nisei Week Festival" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
"Japan-Born Youth Awarded U.S. Rights so He May Join Father, a Citizen in L.A." (p. 1), "Anti-Red Unit Favors Rights for Japanese" (p. 1), "Winnipeg Meet Will Consider JCCA Program" (p. 4), "JACL to Place Plaque on Ship Honoring Nisei" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
"Unions Reject Alaska Industrial Offer" (p. 1), "B.C. Students Ask Citizenship for Japanese, Indians" (p. 1), "Yoshida Urges U.S. to Stay in Japan to Insure Peace" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 22 (March 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-189)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 22 (March 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-189)
"ADC Releases More Queries, Replies in Regard to Your Evacuation Claims Measure" (p. 1), "Amendment Seeks to Rid Vote Bias" (p. 1), "Chicago, Washington Hold Final Rites for Two More Nisei Combat War Heroes" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 80 (October 7, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-248)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 80 (October 7, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-248)
"Canadian Japanese Unit Submits Eight-Point Proposal Calling for More Funds for Wartime Evacuees" (p. 1), "Memorial Monument in Rose City will Salute 14 Nisei GI War Dead; Dedication Rites to be Oct. 30" (p. 1), "M. Masaoka is "Nisei of Year' at JACL Confab" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 53 (July 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-220)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 53 (July 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-220)
"Poetess Depicts Mass Evacuation of B.C. Japanese" (p. 1), "Otoshi Describes Experiences at Evergreen Boys' State" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
"Accept Business Permit Applications to Japan" (p. 1), "JACL Goes Ahead to Speed Plans to Honor Nisei at Arlington" (p. 1), "Commons OK's Board to Sift Ouster Losses" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 62 (July 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-129)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 62 (July 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-129)
"One-Year Enlistments Commence for 18-Year-Olds at Seattle Armed Forces Recruiting Office" (pg. 1), "Canada Plans Special Body for Loss Aid" (pg. 1), "National JACL Office Candidates for 1948-1950 Term Announced; To Be Inducted at Utah Convention" (pg. 1)
Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 50 (ddr-densho-1000-198-50)
vh Henry Shimizu Interview Segment 50 (ddr-densho-1000-198-50)
Canadian government's attempt to encourage Japanese Canadians to move east or to Japan
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 22 (May 31, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 22 (May 31, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-22)
Selected article titles: "JACL Tribute to Nisei GIs Finalized" (pp. 1, 4), "Review of Nisei Record in WW2 Told in Senate" (pp. 1-2), "Sen. Fong Inserts Nisei WW2 Review in Congressional Record" (p. 2), and "Japanese Canadian History Manuscript Nears Final Chapter; 5 Years in Writing" (p. 3).
Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1006-2-8)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1006-2-8)
Description of living conditions in Tashme

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1006-2-9)
vh Shizuko Kadoguchi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1006-2-9)
Deciding to move east after leaving Tashme

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-4-4)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1006-4-4)
Parents' early farm in Mission: sponsoring workers from Japan

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1006-4-5)
vh Bill Hashizume Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1006-4-5)
Helping on family farm as a child

This interview was conducted by the JC Legacy Project, a project of the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 on Senate Backburner--Amendments Submitted" (pp. 1, 10), "Positive 'Role Model': Inouye Receives AAPAA Award" (pp. 1-2), "Matsueda Not Just in It for the Laughs" (pp. 1-2), "Reparations Legislation Is Racist" (p. 5), and "Survivor's Mission: We Can't Afford Another Hiroshima" (pp. 6-7).
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