The journey

The journey to temporary "assembly centers" was a difficult and disorienting experience. After gathering at designated locations, Japanese Americans were met by armed soldiers and transported in buses, private cars, and trains to sixteen temporary "assembly centers." When they arrived at their new homes -- often hastily refurbished fairgrounds and racetracks -- they were shocked to see barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and searchlights.

World War II (54)
Temporary Assembly Centers (88)
The journey (106)

106 items
University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
doc University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
Correspondence regarding a profile of incarceree Harry Osaka written by Robert Spencer. The profile was taken during a trip to Fresno for Harry's mother's funeral with Spencer as the escort and includes Harry's life and family story, farm business before incarceration, religious practices, holiday practices, description of funeral. Profile included as part of the Japanese American ...
Mass removal (ddr-densho-36-16)
img Mass removal (ddr-densho-36-16)
Sumiko Furuta of Bainbridge Island, Washington, on a special ferry to Seattle. From Seattle, she will board a train headed for Manzanar Assembly Center, California.
Mass removal (ddr-densho-36-17)
img Mass removal (ddr-densho-36-17)
Ritsuko Terayama (left) and Sumiko Furuta as they leave the island on a ferryboat. (Lucille Galbraith, Bainbridge Island Japanese American Community (BIJAC). On March 30, 1942, Japanese Americans from Bainbridge Island became one of the first groups to be excluded, presumably because of their proximity to the Puget Sound Navy Yard (Terminal Island, near Los Angeles, ...
Japanese Americans boarding train for Manzanar, California (ddr-densho-36-15)
img Japanese Americans boarding train for Manzanar, California (ddr-densho-36-15)
Japanese Americans from Bainbridge Island, Washington are being transported to the Manzanar Assembly Center, California.
En route to Manzanar Assembly Center (ddr-densho-36-8)
img En route to Manzanar Assembly Center (ddr-densho-36-8)
Japanese Americans from Bainbridge Island, Washington are being transported to the Manzanar Assembly Center, California. Manzanar Assembly Center became a WRA incarceration camp on June 1, 1942.
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan, 1942" (ddr-janm-4-42)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan, 1942". The article was written by Soji Kashiwagi on December 17, 1984.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-101)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-101)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 9, 1942) from the Owens Valley Assembly Center in Manzanar, California.
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Haruko Nagahiro (May 20, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-53)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Haruko Nagahiro (May 20, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-53)
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Haruko Nagahiro (May 20, 1942). It is postmarked May 20, 1942 from the Pomona Assembly Center in Pomona, California.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 12, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-9)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 12, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-9)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (May 12, 1942) from the Santa Anita Assembly Center in Arcadia, California. Letter has return address in the upper left hand corner but not stamped nor postmarked.
Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (April 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-100)
doc Letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (April 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-100)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (April 28, 1942) from the Owens Valley Assembly Center in Manzanar, California.
Last San Francisco family arriving at Tanforan (ddr-densho-151-158)
img Last San Francisco family arriving at Tanforan (ddr-densho-151-158)
Original caption: San Bruno, California. The last family off of the bus from San Francisco, have just arrived at this assembly center which will be their home until relocation centers inland have been established and are ready for occupancy.
Mother and children waiting in line (ddr-densho-151-223)
img Mother and children waiting in line (ddr-densho-151-223)
Original caption: Turlock, California. Families of Japanese ancestry arrive at Turlock Assembly Center. Evacuees will be housed later at War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Mother with infant arrives at Stockton (ddr-densho-151-251)
img Mother with infant arrives at Stockton (ddr-densho-151-251)
Original caption: Stockton, California. Young mother of Japanese ancestry arrives at Assembly center with 21 day old baby.
Japanese Americans waving goodbye from train (ddr-densho-151-299)
img Japanese Americans waving goodbye from train (ddr-densho-151-299)
Original caption: Woodland, Yolo County, California. Ten cars of evacuees of Japanese ancestry are now aboard and the doors are closed. Their Caucasian friends and the staff of the Wartime Civil Control Administration stations are watching the departure from the platform. Evacuees are leaving their homes and ranches, in a rich agricultural district, bound for Merced ...
Issei woman boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-261)
img Issei woman boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-261)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Friends and neighbors congregate to bid farewell, though not for long, to their friends who are enroute to the Tanforan Assembly center. They, themselves will be evacuated within three days.
Japanese American family boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-144)
img Japanese American family boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-144)
Original caption: Byron, California. The bus which will take this farm family of Japanese ancestry to the Assembly center is almost ready to leave. Note identification tag on small boy.
Japanese Americans boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-205)
img Japanese Americans boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-205)
Original caption: Centerville, California. The bus has just arrived and these farm families of Japanese ancestry are being kept intact enroute to the Assembly center.
Families arriving at Turlock (ddr-densho-151-455)
img Families arriving at Turlock (ddr-densho-151-455)
Original caption: Turlock, California. Families of Japanese ancestry arrived at Turlock Assembly. Evacuees will be housed later at War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japanese Americans waiting for baggage inspection (ddr-densho-151-226)
img Japanese Americans waiting for baggage inspection (ddr-densho-151-226)
Original caption: Turlock, California. These evacuees of Japanese ancestry have just arrived at this Assembly center and are awaiting the inspection of their baggage. They will then be assigned places in the barracks to remain until they are transferred to a War Relocation Authority center for the duration.
Japanese American family boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-145)
img Japanese American family boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-145)
Original caption: Byron, California. This family of Japanese ancestry, evacuated from this farm in Contra Costa County, boards bus for Assembly center at Turlock Fairgrounds, 65 miles away. Evacuees will be transported later to War Relocation Authority centers where they will spend the duration.
Japanese Americans saying goodbye from train (ddr-densho-151-296)
img Japanese Americans saying goodbye from train (ddr-densho-151-296)
Original caption: Woodland, California. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry from this rich agricultural district are on their way to Merced Assembly center. This special train consists of ten cars.
White townspeople saying goodbye (ddr-densho-151-298)
img White townspeople saying goodbye (ddr-densho-151-298)
Original caption: Woodland, Yolo County, California. Ten cars of evacuees of Japanese ancestry are now aboard the train and the doors are closed. Their Caucasian friends and the staff of the Wartime Civil Control Administration stations are watching the departure form the platform. Evacuees are leaving their homes, ranches, in a rich agricultural district for Merced ...
Child looking out of bus window (ddr-densho-151-174)
img Child looking out of bus window (ddr-densho-151-174)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. A young evacuee looks out the window of bus before it starts for Tanforan Assembly center. Evacuees will be transferred to War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japanese Americans boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-149)
img Japanese Americans boarding bus (ddr-densho-151-149)
Original caption: Byron, California. The moment has come for these farm families of Japanese ancestry to board the bus that will take them from their homes and ranches to the Assembly center, 65 miles away.
Japanese Americans boarding buses (ddr-densho-151-143)
img Japanese Americans boarding buses (ddr-densho-151-143)
Original caption: Byron, California. Farm families of Japanese ancestry boarding buses for Turlock Assembly center 65 miles away. An official of the Wartime Civil Control Administration is checking the families into the bus by number.
API