Exclusion orders

On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the military to exclude people from any location without a trial or hearing. While it did not name people of Japanese ancestry specifically, it was clearly aimed at them and was enforced accordingly. Under the authority of Executive Order 9066, General John DeWitt defined 108 exclusion areas throughout the West Coast, each containing approximately 1,000 Japanese Americans. The first exclusion orders were issued for Bainbridge Island, Washington on March 24, 1942. Orders were posted around town, informing all Japanese American residents of the impending mass removal. Individuals and families were given only one week to prepare. By the end of October 1942, all 108 exclusion orders had been issued, forcing over 110,000 Japanese Americans into concentration camps around the country.

World War II (13)
Mass removal ("evacuation") (29)
Exclusion orders (79)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Karl Bendetsen, Francis Biddle, Civilian exclusion orders, John DeWitt, Executive Order 9066, Executive Order 9066 (exhibition), Executive Order 9066: 50 Years Before and 50 Years After (exhibition), Leland Ford, Allen Gullion, John McCloy, Public Law 503, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Norman Thomas

79 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Civil Rights Commission & 7 More Co-Sponsors for JACL Bills" (p. 1), "Goro Suzuki (1917-1979): Jack Soo Memorabilia at Smithsonian" (pp. 1-2), "President's Corner: Whaling Update" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Fuss over Nuclear Power / E.O. 9066" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 0238 (April 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 0238 (April 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-14)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Deportation of All Nisei After WW2 Discussed in 1943 Memo to Cordell Hull" (pp. 1, 5), "Japanese Executive Says: Lowering Trade Barrier Will Take Years" (p. 1), "Says Rep. Mineta: Gov. Brown Tactics 'Like 1942'" (pp. 2, 5), and "Comment, Letters, Features: On Becoming a True Citizen" (p. 4).
Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
img Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Civilian Exclusion Order Number 5, ordering evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry, posted in a vacant store window on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. This establishment, like many others in Chinatown, was operated by proprietors of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-116)
img Japanese Americans registering for mass removal (ddr-densho-151-116)
Original caption: The full caption for this photograph reads: San Francisco, California. In response to the Army's Exclusion Order Number 20, residents of Japanese ancestry appear at Civil Control Station at 2031 Bush Street for registration. The evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Exclusion order posted on telephone pole (ddr-densho-151-315)
img Exclusion order posted on telephone pole (ddr-densho-151-315)
Original caption: Sacramento, California. Scene in residential section of the Japanese quarter two days prior to evacuation. Note Civilian Exclusion Order posted on the telephone pole. Note also crated furniture on porch of corner house.
Information Bulletin (January 3, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-47)
doc Information Bulletin (January 3, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-47)
Tule Lake Center informational bulletin regarding policies implemented as a result of Public Proclamation No. 21. Also includes a message from the Secretary of the Interior, Harold L. Ickes.
Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR (November 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-14)
doc Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR (November 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-14)
Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR, Marlene Tonai (November 23, 1991).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 4 (July 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 4 (July 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-29)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Appellate Court Rules INS Raids Violate Constitutional Rights" (pp. 1, 3), "Kokekokko: 'Japanese Camps'" (p. 6), "Inouye's 6 Steps to Reduce Tensions for War" (p. 8), and "Chief Justice Warren and the Japanese Detention Cases" (pp. 8, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
Selected article titles: "Before Supreme Court: Seattle JACL Files Supporting Brief on Desegregating Schools" (pp. 1, 4), "Redress Phase 4: 'Direct' Individual Payment" (p. 2), "40th Anniversary of E.O. 9066 Proclamation: Silence: a 40-Year Cover-Up Conspiracy?" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: When Are Asian Americans Not a Minority?" (p. 5), and "Service to Community ...
Shoppers looking at posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-84)
img Shoppers looking at posted exclusion orders (ddr-densho-151-84)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Saturday afternoon shoppers reading order directing evacuation of persons of Japanese ancestry. This store on Grant Avenue in Chinatown was vacated by an art dealer of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
doc Civilian Exclusion Order No. 79 (ddr-densho-25-45)
Prior to mass removal, exclusion areas were described in civilian exclusion orders posted by Lieutenant General John DeWitt of the Western Defense Command. Civilian Exclusion Area No. 79 included a portion of South King County, Washington. Maps detailing the prohibited area were also posted.
Earl Hanson Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-160-11)
vh Earl Hanson Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-160-11)
Finding out about the plans for mass removal of Japanese Americans on Bainbridge Island: "It kind of came as a shock to all of us"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are ...

Hideo Hoshide Interview I Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-184-34)
vh Hideo Hoshide Interview I Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-184-34)
Hearing about mass removal: "we just didn't believe that evacuation would actually happen"
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