Naturalization

Unlike other immigrants to the United States, Japanese and other Asians were not permitted to become naturalized American citizens until 1952. Under existing laws, naturalization was limited to "free white persons and to aliens of African nativity and to persons of African descent." Despite many attempts by Japanese immigrants (Issei) to gain citizenship, they were usually rejected on the grounds that the Issei were neither white nor black. The 1922 Supreme Court case Ozawa v. U.S. cemented the status of the issei as "aliens ineligible to citizenship" once and for all. It wasn't until 1952 with the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act that Issei were finally allowed to become naturalized U.S. citizens.

Naturalization (127)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration Act of 1952, Naturalization Act of 1790, Ozawa v. United States, Tokutaro Slocum, Francis Walter

127 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 17 (February 26, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-184)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 17 (February 26, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-184)
"File-Even If You Lack Written Proof of Losses" (p. 1), "Judiciary Committee Favors Judd's Bill for Equality in Naturalization, Immigration" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 64 (August 10, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-231)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 64 (August 10, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-231)
"File Your Evacuation Losses Claims; JACL Open Night Tonight" (p. 1), "Job of Crushing Zaibatsu Ended; Board Dissolved" (p. 1), "Last Minute Senate Action Sought on Judd Bill or Walter Resolution" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 41 (June 13, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-29)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 41 (June 13, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-29)
"House Unit Hears Masaoka's Plea for National FEPC Legislation" (p. 1), "H.R. 3771 Asks U.S. Citizenship for Alien Parents of GI's, Vets" (p. 1), "Equal Rights for Nisei in Trade Sought" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 81 (November 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-68)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 81 (November 4, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-68)
"Nisei War Dead Start for Home" (p. 1), "Naturalization Class to Open For Overseas War Brides" (p. 1), "Civil Rights Committee Adopts JACL-ADC Recommendations" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 19 (March 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-186)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 19 (March 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-186)
"Extension of War Brides' Act or GI Fiancees' Act Opposed by House Judiciary Members" (p. 1), "Here's How House Passed Judd ENI Bill; If Approved by Senate, It Could Mean Death of 1924 Oriental Exclusion Act" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 78 (September 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-247)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 78 (September 30, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-247)
"Confusion Reigns in the Nation's Capitol After House, By a Whopping Majority, Votes to Override Vetoed Walter Bill" (p. 1), "Congress Amends Trading Act" (p. 1), "Volunteer Solicitors Cover District in Annual Community Chest Campaign; Our Goal This Year Will be $9,100" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 44 (May 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-112)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 44 (May 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-112)
"JACL-ADC Seeks VFW Endorsement of H.R. 5004, Measure Favoring Naturalization for U.S. Issei" (p. 1), "Three Named to Unit to Adjust Differences on H.R. 3566" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 77 (September 27, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-246)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 77 (September 27, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-246)
"Soldier Brides Bill Passage Places ADC in Unwanted Role of Lonely Hearts Club" (p. 1), "Claims Payments Expected Soon" (p. 1), "McCarran Ignores Veto of Walter Bill, Assures Solon of New Legislation" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
"OK of Measure for Equality Seen Likely" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for Six GI War Dead Saturday, Dec. 11 in Bukkyo-Kai; One of Nisei Heroes is Winner of DSC" (p. 1), "JACL Will Give Claims Forms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
"Next "Open Night' on Wed., Aug. 17; Take Advantage of It, Okada Urges" (p. 1), "Illinois Senator Cites Record of Nisei GI's in Urging Passage of Judd Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 3 (January 10, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-264)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 3 (January 10, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-264)
"3 Legislations Introduced to Congress : ADC" (p. 1), "Congress Gets Two Measures" (p. 1), "A New Year and an Unpleasant Korean War Faced by the Japanese" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 68 (September 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-55)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 68 (September 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-55)
"Asks for Unity on Bainbridge in Hall Issue" (p. 1), "Canada Ends Voluntary "Repatriation' of Japanese at Government Expense" (p. 1), "Backs Americanism Body's Action" (p. 1), "LARA Reports Relief Aid to Needy Japan" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 12 (February 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-179)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 12 (February 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-179)
"Senate Unit Backs Bill on Equality" (p. 1), "Pvt. Ninomiya Rites Saturday" (p. 1), "Additional Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 86 (October 28, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-251)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 86 (October 28, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-251)
"Portland to Dedicate Nisei War Memorial Monument at Rites Sunday" (p. 1), "Truman Points to Flaws in McCarran Bill" (p. 1), ""Clean' Naturalization Measure Sought" (p. 4).
Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American (ddr-one-3-76)
doc Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American (ddr-one-3-76)
November 5, 1953 issue of the Mt. Adams Sun, Volume XIX, Number 6. The newspaper contains an article on the front page titled "Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American." The article is about the Kenjiro and Miyuki "Kay" Kida process for American citizenship and their experiences living in the United States.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 25 (December 19-26, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-50)
Holiday issue organized into sections A 1-12, B 1-12, C 1-12, D 1-12, and E 1-6. Selected article titles: "Samurai of the Wine Country" (pp. A-1, C-1, C-5, C-8, C-10-D-1), "The Forgotten Nisei" (pp. A-1, A-3-A-5, A-8), "Tokie Was Naturalized 'Twice'" (pp. A-10, B-4), "Anti-Nisei Discrimination in the Mormon State" (pp. B-10-B-11), and "WW2 Gov't ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 6 (February 8, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 6 (February 8, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-6)
Selected article titles: "Nisei hopes for U.S.-Japan ties told to new envoy Masaoka confers with MacArthur II, newly U.S. ambassador to Japan" (p. 1); "See boost in Japan quota of immigrants" (p. 1); "Masaoka to speak at Philadelphia fete" (p. 1); "JACL urges early enactment of civil rights bill this session" (p. 1 ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 3 (July 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 3 (July 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-29)
Select article titles: "Almost 20,000 Mainland Issei Naturalized Within Past Decade" (p. 1); "Senate Takes Up Civil Rights Bill, 71-18 Vote" (p. 1); "Washington JACL Office analyses House Subcommittee report on Japanese farm labor" (p. 1); "Lonely airman's Japanese wife recovers from suicide attempt; steps to regain custody of children stirs interest in Kansas ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 7 (February 15, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 7 (February 15, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-7)
Selected article titles: "Justice Dep't officals to visit West Coast to investigate claims" (p. 1); "Dr. Rusch decorated at Embassy for promoting Japanese American friendship" (p. 1); "Rev. Kano retires from active ministry among Japanese in Nebraska; helped Issei with Americanization instructions" (p. 2); "Brotherhood Week program in L.A. set" (p. 3); "JACL joins ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 66, No. 2 (January 12, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 66, No. 2 (January 12, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-2)
Selected article titles: "Race not important in determining whether one tolerates or rejects transplanted organ, says Nisei" (p. 1), "JACL can take on part of Negro problem, Marutani tells CCDC" (p. 1), "An unselfish Issei who comforted the needy, the sick for 50 years honored by Salt Lake" (p. 1), "Four couples cited for giving comfort ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 1 (January 2, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 1 (January 2, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-1)
Selected article titles: "War bride studies for naturalization while in hospital, discharged as citizen" (p. 1), "Sansei youth return $4,000 found in bag given them to wrap small purchase items" (p. 1), "Race bias charged in employment of clerical workers" (p. 1), "Mass naturalization rites of 126 Issei, integration of evacuees into So. Jersey community ...
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