Naturalization

Unlike other immigrants to the United States, Japanese and other Asians were not permitted to become naturalized American citizens until 1952. Under existing laws, naturalization was limited to "free white persons and to aliens of African nativity and to persons of African descent." Despite many attempts by Japanese immigrants (Issei) to gain citizenship, they were usually rejected on the grounds that the Issei were neither white nor black. The 1922 Supreme Court case Ozawa v. U.S. cemented the status of the issei as "aliens ineligible to citizenship" once and for all. It wasn't until 1952 with the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act that Issei were finally allowed to become naturalized U.S. citizens.

Naturalization (122)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration Act of 1952, Naturalization Act of 1790, Ozawa v. United States, Tokutaro Slocum, Francis Walter

122 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 27 (April 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-194)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 27 (April 2, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-194)
"Oregon's Top Court Rules Alien Land Laws Against Japanese Unconstitutional" (p. 1), "Tourist Trade Aids Economy of Japanese" (p. 1), "NCNC Unit Eyes ENI Passage" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 86 (November 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-73)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 86 (November 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-73)
"80th Congress to Consider Naturalization Measure. Celler Bill to Open U.S. Citizenship to Alien Japanese" (p. 1), "Masaoka Returns to Wash. D.C. After West Tour" (p. 1), "Wreath Placed at Arlington" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 101 (December 20, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-259)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 101 (December 20, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-259)
"Sen. Russell Objects to Walter Bill" (p. 1), "Three Courses on Far East Offered by U.W." (p. 1), "Senate Receives Walter Measure" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
"Epinal War Heroes' Remains Removed" (p. 1), "Congress Gets Another Bill Aiding Issei" (p. 1), "Story of the 442nd" (p. 2), "Frisco Saints, Berkeley Nisseis to Tangle for "Oriental Title" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 48 (June 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-215)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 48 (June 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-215)
"Economy-Minded Solons Pass Over Funds Set Aside for Claims" (p. 1), "House OK's ENI Legislation; Senate Unit Will Study It" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 55 (July 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-222)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 55 (July 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-222)
"Hawaii Governor Promises to Do What He Can to Push ENI Bill" (p. 1), "Claims Office Due to Open" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 7 (January 24, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-268)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 7 (January 24, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-268)
"Nat'l JACL Tells Names of Chairmen" (p. 1), "McDonough Bill Similar to ENI" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 37 (April 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-105)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 37 (April 28, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-105)
"Acheson, Wirin Challenge Validity of Wartime Rider to Calif. Measure Denying Japanese Fishing License" (p. 1), "B.C. Regime to Lift Job Ban but No Franchise Reported Yet" (p. 1), "Gen. Clark and McCloy Endorse Judd's Naturalization Measure" (p. 5), "State Department Opens Way for Boom in Asia" (p. 5).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 75 (September 20, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-244)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 75 (September 20, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-244)
"Senate Action on President's Veto of Walter Resolution Expected Soon; Walter and Judd Lead Bill Fight" (p. 1), "Kickoff Dinner and Rally on Tuesday Will Launch Community Chest Drive in Our Area; Sing Named Colonel" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
"House Will Get Claims Board Measure Soon" (p. 1), "House to Study H.R. 3555" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 72 (September 9, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-241)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 72 (September 9, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-241)
"Truman Must Approve or Veto Walter Bill by Today; Ten-Day Period Ends" (p. 1), "C-B-I Hero's Wife Awaits Truman Okay" (p. 1), "Masaoka, Brilliant ADC Chief, Named to Distinguished Leadership Award" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 59 (July 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-226)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 59 (July 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-226)
"This is Mike Masaoka's Testimony at Senate Hearings on ENI Bill" (p. 1), "B.C. Evacuation Will be Aired" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 66 (August 16, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-235)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 66 (August 16, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-235)
"Walter Gets Bid to Join JACL Confab" (p. 1), "International Carnival" (p. 1), "President Inks More Measures" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 2 (January 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-169)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 2 (January 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-169)
"Truman Shows Interest in Rights Bill" (p. 1), "Pa. Solon Vows to Present Measure for Equality in Naturalization" (p. 1).
Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-190-45)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-190-45)
Helping parents obtain U.S. citizenship

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
"ADC Fund Push Opens with Kickoff Luncheon" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2), "ADC to Ask Amendment to HR 199" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 22 (March 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-9)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 22 (March 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-9)
"Text of Masaoka's Speech : Clarifies Japanese-American Situation" (p. 1), "Seeks Linguists" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 97 (November 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-158)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 97 (November 24, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-158)
"Masaoka Meets Judd on Bill to Aid Issei" (p. 1), "Burial Held at Arlington for 442 Hero" (p. 1), "Rosary Will be Said for Staff Sgt. Kinoshita on Friday; Services for Pvt. Sagami Next Tuesday in Tacoma" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 26 (March 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-96)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 26 (March 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-96)
"JACL in D.C. Asks Amending of Havenner Bill to Let Aliens in War Service to Stay in U.S." (p. 1), "Equality Urged for U.S. Aliens" (p. 1), "Story of the 442nd" (p. 2),
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
"Two Measures Go to House; Hit Race Bias" (p. 1), "Mitchell Introduces Measure Altering Naturalization Laws; Lauds War Record of Nisei, Issei" (p. 1), "Evacuee Claim OK'd Under Act" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 74 (September 16, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-243)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 74 (September 16, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-243)
"House Action on Walter Resolution is Predicted by Author of Bill" (p. 1), "Overseas Agency Tells Latest Rulings on Shipping Gift Parcels to Japan" (p. 1), "Buddy System Helps Fifth Combat Team in Solving Danger of Identity Error" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 15 (February 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-182)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 15 (February 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-182)
"House Judiciary Body Urged To End All Racial Bars in Soldier Brides' Act Riders" (p. 1), "ENI Measure's Chief Objective to Enable Asiatics to Come to U.S., Rep. Walters Declares" (p. 1).
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