Japanese Latin Americans

During World War II, 2,264 Latin Americans of Japanese ancestry were forcibly deported from their countries of residence and taken to the U.S. where they were placed in internment camps in order to be exchanged for Americans held by Japanese forces. Some 80 percent of the internees were Japanese Peruvians; the rest came from various Pacific-facing countries from Mexico to Chile. At the conclusion of the war, most of the interned Japanese Latin Americans were forced to leave the U.S. However, since many were initially barred from returning to their home countries, more than 900 Japanese Latin Americans were deported to war-devastated Japan. Over 350 Japanese Latin Americans remained in the U.S. and fought deportation in the courts. Eventually, about 100 managed to gain reentry to their home countries in Latin America. It was not until 1952 that those who stayed were allowed to begin the process of becoming U.S. permanent residents. Many later became U.S. citizens.

Japanese Latin Americans (49)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese Latin Americans

49 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2073 (December 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-49)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2073 (December 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-49)
Selected article titles: "'Massive' Review of Iranian Students Challenged" (p. 1), "The Iranian Situation News Briefs: White House Appreciates JACL Support" (pp. 1, 4), "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist, Part Two" (p. 5), and "JACLers Visit South America: Counterpart in Brazil" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 14 (November 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 14 (November 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-39)
Selected article titles: "Congress Passes Money Bill for Redress" (p. 1), "Certain Latin Americans May Qualify" (pp. 1, 6), "1989 Class of Washington D.C. Leadership Conference: Key Issues Facing Japanese Americans Discussed by JACLers with Government, Nikkei Leaders" (pp. 1, 5), "Japan Government, Firms Donate $7.2 Million for Earthquake Relief" (p. 2), and "Masamori ...
Crystal City softball team (ddr-densho-91-8)
img Crystal City softball team (ddr-densho-91-8)
All players pictured are Japanese Peruvian except for one Japanese American in the front row, second from left. Art Shibayama is in the front row, third from left.
Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-388-7)
vh Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-388-7)
Vivid memories of the day of her father's arrest

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-388-6)
vh Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-388-6)
Father is arrested by the FBI during World War II

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-348-6)
vh Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-348-6)
Fear in the Japanese community in Huancayo, Peru, after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

Memorandum to the Peruvian ambassador (ddr-densho-67-34)
doc Memorandum to the Peruvian ambassador (ddr-densho-67-34)
Memorandum states that Japanese people form the largest foreign element in Peru. Opinion: the Japanese in Peru are dangerous, organized, and patriotic to Japan. Recommendations: "dangerous" Japanese leaders should be expelled from Peru; encourage propaganda to bring the "Japanese danger" to the Peruvians' attention.
Family in their home (ddr-densho-91-4)
img Family in their home (ddr-densho-91-4)
Art's family home in Lima, Peru, on Calle Santa Catalina. (L to R): Fusako, Akiko, Mother carrying Takeshi, Kenichi, Father, Kikue, Isamu (Art).
Family in front of car (ddr-densho-91-5)
img Family in front of car (ddr-densho-91-5)
Family at a park in Lima, Peru. (L to R): Mother, Takeshi, Fusako, Akiko, Kikue, Kenichi, Isamu (Art), Father in front seat of car.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
Selected article titles: "Japan's Suzuki Fears IBM Case May Threaten U.S.-Japan Trade" (p. 1), "Justices Rule Rights Disputes May Go Directly to U.S. Courts" (pp. 1-2), and "International Relations: Getting Accustomed to Lima, Peru" (pp. 4, 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 12 (March 28, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 12 (March 28, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-12)
Selected article titles: "Apr. 28 New Date for Hearings" (p. 1), "Researcher Takes Issue with Anti-Bilingual Ballot Arguments" (pp. 3, 7), "East Wind: Japanese Peruvians, Part II" (p. 4), and "By the Board: Who's at the Helm?" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Iranian Passion Reminiscent of Pearl Harbor Era" (pp. 1-2), "Multicultural Emphasis Made to Milwaukee Schoolteachers" (p. 2), "JACL Initiate Contacts with Mexico Nikkei" (pp. 3-4), and "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 11 (June 2-15, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 11 (June 2-15, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-11)
Selected article titles: "Honolulu Evacuees Eligible for Redress" (pp. 1, 3-4), "'O.J.' Publisher: It's Not Racism, It's Humor" (pp. 1, 4), "JACL National Board Meeting, May 6-7, 1995: Summary of Motions" (p. 6), and "Peru Nikkei to Host PANA Convention July 5-9" (p. 7).
Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-348-7)
vh Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-348-7)
Father goes into hiding, fearing he is on a government "black list"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

Art Shibayama Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-151-9)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-151-9)
Terrible conditions on U.S. transport ship: taken to the United States, but not understanding why
Art Shibayama Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-151-45)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 45 (ddr-densho-1000-151-45)
Thoughts on the importance of fighting for redress for Japanese Latin Americans
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
Selected article titles: "Foes of California English Initiative Form Coalition to Prevent Passage" (pp. 1, 8), "Japanese National Kept in Detention by Provision on McCarran-Walter Act" (pp. 1, 3), "President's Corner: Here's What We're Doing" (p. 5), and "U.S., Latin American Nikkei Athletes 'Go for the Gold' in Mexico Sportsfest" (pp. 6-7).
Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
img Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
Art Shibayama's grandmother (holding Art) and grandfather in their store.
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
doc Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley to undisclosed recipient regarding evacuating Peruvian Japanese to the U.S. Discusses previous communications with the American Embassy in Lima including recommendations to the Peruvian government.
Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-152-40)
vh Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-152-40)
Decision to not accept the Japanese Peruvians' settlement, and, with others, sue the government for redress
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