Japanese Latin Americans

During World War II, 2,264 Latin Americans of Japanese ancestry were forcibly deported from their countries of residence and taken to the U.S. where they were placed in internment camps in order to be exchanged for Americans held by Japanese forces. Some 80 percent of the internees were Japanese Peruvians; the rest came from various Pacific-facing countries from Mexico to Chile. At the conclusion of the war, most of the interned Japanese Latin Americans were forced to leave the U.S. However, since many were initially barred from returning to their home countries, more than 900 Japanese Latin Americans were deported to war-devastated Japan. Over 350 Japanese Latin Americans remained in the U.S. and fought deportation in the courts. Eventually, about 100 managed to gain reentry to their home countries in Latin America. It was not until 1952 that those who stayed were allowed to begin the process of becoming U.S. permanent residents. Many later became U.S. citizens.

Japanese Latin Americans (71)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese Latin Americans

71 items
Letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura to Kiyoko Noda, April 30, 1949 (ddr-csujad-10-3)
doc Letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura to Kiyoko Noda, April 30, 1949 (ddr-csujad-10-3)
A letter from Yoshihiko Matsuura, an internee in the Crystal City Internment Camp, Texas, to his grandmother, Kiyoko Noda, in Lima, Peru. He includes updates on day to day life in the Crystal City camp, including the event on the Emperor's birthday [April 29] and a play performed in the camp. He details the Boy Scouts ...
Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Kikuko Noda, January 26, 1945 (ddr-csujad-10-2)
doc Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Kikuko Noda, January 26, 1945 (ddr-csujad-10-2)
A letter from Kiyoko Matsuura, an internee at the Crystal City Internment Camp, to her mother, Kikuko Noda in Lima, Peru. In the letter, she describes the celebration of the New Year [1945] at the internment camp and expresses her appreciation for the gifts sent by her mother. According to her letter, it appears that Kiyoko ...
Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Mizuko Noda, September 5, 1944 (ddr-csujad-10-1)
doc Letter from Kiyoko Matsuura to Mizuko Noda, September 5, 1944 (ddr-csujad-10-1)
A letter from Kiyoko Matsuura, an internee in the Crystal City Internment Camp, to her sister in Lima Peru. In the letter, she includes updates on day to day life in the Crystal City camp and expresses her appreciation for the money sent by her father. Kiyoko states that she is anxiously waiting for a ship ...
[Graduation speech by Michi Weglyn] (ddr-csujad-24-19)
doc [Graduation speech by Michi Weglyn] (ddr-csujad-24-19)
A graduation speech by Michi Weglyn explaining why she wrote "Years of Infamy." She also discusses Japanese American and Japanese Latin American internment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_019
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 12 (March 28, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 12 (March 28, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-12)
Selected article titles: "Apr. 28 New Date for Hearings" (p. 1), "Researcher Takes Issue with Anti-Bilingual Ballot Arguments" (pp. 3, 7), "East Wind: Japanese Peruvians, Part II" (p. 4), and "By the Board: Who's at the Helm?" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
Selected article titles: "Foes of California English Initiative Form Coalition to Prevent Passage" (pp. 1, 8), "Japanese National Kept in Detention by Provision on McCarran-Walter Act" (pp. 1, 3), "President's Corner: Here's What We're Doing" (p. 5), and "U.S., Latin American Nikkei Athletes 'Go for the Gold' in Mexico Sportsfest" (pp. 6-7).
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
doc Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley to undisclosed recipient regarding evacuating Peruvian Japanese to the U.S. Discusses previous communications with the American Embassy in Lima including recommendations to the Peruvian government.
Memorandum to the Peruvian ambassador (ddr-densho-67-34)
doc Memorandum to the Peruvian ambassador (ddr-densho-67-34)
Memorandum states that Japanese people form the largest foreign element in Peru. Opinion: the Japanese in Peru are dangerous, organized, and patriotic to Japan. Recommendations: "dangerous" Japanese leaders should be expelled from Peru; encourage propaganda to bring the "Japanese danger" to the Peruvians' attention.
Crystal City softball team (ddr-densho-91-8)
img Crystal City softball team (ddr-densho-91-8)
All players pictured are Japanese Peruvian except for one Japanese American in the front row, second from left. Art Shibayama is in the front row, third from left.
Family in their home (ddr-densho-91-4)
img Family in their home (ddr-densho-91-4)
Art's family home in Lima, Peru, on Calle Santa Catalina. (L to R): Fusako, Akiko, Mother carrying Takeshi, Kenichi, Father, Kikue, Isamu (Art).
Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
img Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
Art Shibayama's grandmother (holding Art) and grandfather in their store.
Students in front of school building (ddr-densho-91-7)
img Students in front of school building (ddr-densho-91-7)
Back row, fourth from left is Emiko, a Japanese American Nisei, who volunteered to teach English. All the other students are Japanese Peruvians. Art Shibayama is in the front row, fourth from left.
Family in front of car (ddr-densho-91-5)
img Family in front of car (ddr-densho-91-5)
Family at a park in Lima, Peru. (L to R): Mother, Takeshi, Fusako, Akiko, Kikue, Kenichi, Isamu (Art), Father in front seat of car.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Iranian Passion Reminiscent of Pearl Harbor Era" (pp. 1-2), "Multicultural Emphasis Made to Milwaukee Schoolteachers" (p. 2), "JACL Initiate Contacts with Mexico Nikkei" (pp. 3-4), and "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2069 (November 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2069 (November 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-45)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Know 'First Hand' Agonies of Hostages in Iran" (p. 1), "NHK 'Story of America' Tells Drama of Issei-Nisei-Sansei" (p. 1), "A Background Report: Japan-U.S. Friendship Act: Continued from Last Week" (p. 4), and "YE Editor's Desk: Mexican Nikkei" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2073 (December 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-49)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2073 (December 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-49)
Selected article titles: "'Massive' Review of Iranian Students Challenged" (p. 1), "The Iranian Situation News Briefs: White House Appreciates JACL Support" (pp. 1, 4), "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist, Part Two" (p. 5), and "JACLers Visit South America: Counterpart in Brazil" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
Selected article titles: "Japan's Suzuki Fears IBM Case May Threaten U.S.-Japan Trade" (p. 1), "Justices Rule Rights Disputes May Go Directly to U.S. Courts" (pp. 1-2), and "International Relations: Getting Accustomed to Lima, Peru" (pp. 4, 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
Selected article titles: "Teachers Get Lesson about WW2 Camps" (p. 1), "President de la Madrid Credits Japanese Nikkei with Strengthening Japan-Mexico Relationship" (pp. 1, 11), "Lies and Half-Truths" (p. 4), and "Turkish Group Opposes Bill to Fund Films" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 14 (November 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 14 (November 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-39)
Selected article titles: "Congress Passes Money Bill for Redress" (p. 1), "Certain Latin Americans May Qualify" (pp. 1, 6), "1989 Class of Washington D.C. Leadership Conference: Key Issues Facing Japanese Americans Discussed by JACLers with Government, Nikkei Leaders" (pp. 1, 5), "Japan Government, Firms Donate $7.2 Million for Earthquake Relief" (p. 2), and "Masamori Kojima Journalism ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 23 (June 15, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 23 (June 15, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-23)
Select article titles: "Smithsonian Museum Director Kennedy to Receive Masaoka Public Service Award"(p.1); "Fujimori Wins Presidency in Peru Decisively"(p.1); "Two Charged in Beating of Japanese Students Mistaken as Hmong Refugees"(p.2); "Why the JATC Was Organized"(p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 3 (August 3-10, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 3 (August 3-10, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-28)
Select article titles: "House Panel Votes to Widen Door to Immigration"(p.1); "UC Berkeley Honors Japanese Consul General Yanai for Cultural Encouragement and Exchanges"(p.1); "Fujimori's Inaugural Message"(p.5).
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