Japanese Latin Americans

During World War II, 2,264 Latin Americans of Japanese ancestry were forcibly deported from their countries of residence and taken to the U.S. where they were placed in internment camps in order to be exchanged for Americans held by Japanese forces. Some 80 percent of the internees were Japanese Peruvians; the rest came from various Pacific-facing countries from Mexico to Chile. At the conclusion of the war, most of the interned Japanese Latin Americans were forced to leave the U.S. However, since many were initially barred from returning to their home countries, more than 900 Japanese Latin Americans were deported to war-devastated Japan. Over 350 Japanese Latin Americans remained in the U.S. and fought deportation in the courts. Eventually, about 100 managed to gain reentry to their home countries in Latin America. It was not until 1952 that those who stayed were allowed to begin the process of becoming U.S. permanent residents. Many later became U.S. citizens.

Japanese Latin Americans (47)
Redress and reparations (8)
Deportation and internment during World War II (1)
Repatriation to Japan
Return to Latin America after World War II

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Japanese Latin Americans

47 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2073 (December 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-49)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2073 (December 14, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-49)
Selected article titles: "'Massive' Review of Iranian Students Challenged" (p. 1), "The Iranian Situation News Briefs: White House Appreciates JACL Support" (pp. 1, 4), "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist, Part Two" (p. 5), and "JACLers Visit South America: Counterpart in Brazil" (p. 8).
Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-348-6)
vh Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-348-6)
Fear in the Japanese community in Huancayo, Peru, after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

Crystal City softball team (ddr-densho-91-8)
img Crystal City softball team (ddr-densho-91-8)
All players pictured are Japanese Peruvian except for one Japanese American in the front row, second from left. Art Shibayama is in the front row, third from left.
Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-388-7)
vh Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-388-7)
Vivid memories of the day of her father's arrest

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-388-6)
vh Elsa Kudo Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-388-6)
Father is arrested by the FBI during World War II

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
Selected article titles: "Teachers Get Lesson about WW2 Camps" (p. 1), "President de la Madrid Credits Japanese Nikkei with Strengthening Japan-Mexico Relationship" (pp. 1, 11), "Lies and Half-Truths" (p. 4), and "Turkish Group Opposes Bill to Fund Films" (p. 10).
Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-152-39)
vh Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-152-39)
Husband is denied redress as a Japanese Peruvian and begins to speak at public venues
Art Shibayama Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-151-14)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-151-14)
Learning English from a Japanese American Nisei; finding out that Peru didn't want the Japanese Peruvians to return
Art Shibayama Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-151-42)
vh Art Shibayama Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-151-42)
Feelings upon finding out that redress would be denied to Japanese Latin Americans
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 14 (April 5, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 14 (April 5, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-14)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Republican Civil Rights Bills Make Neat Package for 88th" (pp. 1-2), "U.S.-Japan Trade Picture Improving; Curb on Securities Investment Money Lifted" (p. 1), "Sen. Inouye Raps Hawaii State Subversive Activities Report on Linking ILWU to Communism and 'Red' Talks at Univ. of Hawaii" (p. 3), and "Peru Orders Return ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 8 (August 22, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-33)
Selected article titles: "Foes of California English Initiative Form Coalition to Prevent Passage" (pp. 1, 8), "Japanese National Kept in Detention by Provision on McCarran-Walter Act" (pp. 1, 3), "President's Corner: Here's What We're Doing" (p. 5), and "U.S., Latin American Nikkei Athletes 'Go for the Gold' in Mexico Sportsfest" (pp. 6-7).
Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-152-40)
vh Betty Morita Shibayama Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-152-40)
Decision to not accept the Japanese Peruvians' settlement, and, with others, sue the government for redress
Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-348-9)
vh Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-348-9)
Reuniting with father on ship to the United States

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-348-11)
vh Atsumi Ozawa Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-348-11)
Arrival in Crystal City: greeted by other Japanese Americans and Japanese Peruvians

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
img Family store (ddr-densho-91-3)
Art Shibayama's grandmother (holding Art) and grandfather in their store.
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
doc Memo from J. Daniel Hanley (ddr-densho-67-60)
Memo from J. Daniel Hanley to undisclosed recipient regarding evacuating Peruvian Japanese to the U.S. Discusses previous communications with the American Embassy in Lima including recommendations to the Peruvian government.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2071 (November 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-47)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Iranian Passion Reminiscent of Pearl Harbor Era" (pp. 1-2), "Multicultural Emphasis Made to Milwaukee Schoolteachers" (p. 2), "JACL Initiate Contacts with Mexico Nikkei" (pp. 3-4), and "From the Midwest: The Invisible Woman: From Geisha to Feminist" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2070 (November 23, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-46)
Selected article titles: "JACL Deplores Mob Actions Brewed by Iranian Issue" (pp. 1-2), "3-Step Redress Push 'At This Time' Stated" (pp. 1, 7), "WRA Camp-born Sansei Warns Nisei Against Delusion about Evacuation" (p. 3), and "Nuclear Shell Shock?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 1 (July 2, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-26)
Selected article titles: "Japan's Suzuki Fears IBM Case May Threaten U.S.-Japan Trade" (p. 1), "Justices Rule Rights Disputes May Go Directly to U.S. Courts" (pp. 1-2), and "International Relations: Getting Accustomed to Lima, Peru" (pp. 4, 8).
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