Organized labor

Japanese immigrants, especially upon arrival, labored at menial jobs in the industries of agriculture, railroads, lumber, canneries, mining, and fishing. These workers toiled under poor, unsanitary, and often dangerous conditions for low wages. Around the turn of the century, sugar-beet harvesters earned about $1.25 for a ten-hour day, railroad workers earned between $1.00 and $1.25 per day, and Alaskan cannery workers earned between $100 and $200 for a six-month season. They actively sought to better their wages and living conditions through organizing unions and engaging in strikes, despite being barred from white unions.

Organized labor (48)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Koji Ariyoshi, Karl Yoneda

48 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
"Fort Denies GI's in Town Saturday Night" (p. 1), "Pay Differences Peril Continuance of Salmon Industry" (p. 1), "Most Japanese Unaffected by Deportation Rule" (p. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
"Brief Raps Calif. Bill "Sheer' Bias" (p. 1), "Resignation of President Rojo from Local 7 Stirs Up Confusion Among Cannery Workers' Ranks" (p. 1), "U.S. Intelligence Officer Lauds Work of Nisei GI's in Japan War" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 19 (November 10, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-44)
Selected article titles: "Civic Betterment at J-town Expense Hit" (p.1), "Supreme Court Decision on Evacuation Calls Manzanar 'Concentration Camp'" (p.1), "ILGWU's Patriotism?" (p.1, 3), "Serological Tests Upset Belief Ainu Caucasoid, Type Resembles Ryukyuan" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
Selected article titles: "Chavez Hurls Threat at Nisei Farm League" (p.1, 5), "Yen Claims Bill: Questions Raised, Answers Furnished" (p.1), "Immigrants Changing New York" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: Understand the Japanese?" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 18 (November 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 18 (November 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-43)
Selected article titles: "Asian Americans Picket ILGWU N.Y. Headquarters" (p.1), "'Concentration Camp' Rejected for Manzanar Landmark Plaque" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: A Homogenous Society" (p.2), "California's Prop. 21 Schoo Segregation Again" (p.3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
"NLRB Turns Down Petition by Two AFL Unions for Vote Among Alaska Cannery Men" (p. 1), "Honors to GI Dead and Dedication of Monument Set" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 28 (March 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-98)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 28 (March 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-98)
"Nisei War Memorial Committee Awaits Fund Report from Tacoma; $9,053.65 Total as of March 25" (p. 1), "Two Nisei GI's Die in Crash of C-47 Plane" (p. 1), "Cannery Leaders Begin Talks" (p. 1),
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 66, No. 23 (June 7, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 66, No. 23 (June 7, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-23)
Selected article titles: "Gardena teenager booked for 10th time by police in 4-yr. period" (p. 1), "Vandalism, drug use by Orientals under scrutiny" (p. 1), "Sociological study shows less affluent have poorer health, lead shorter lives" (p. 1), "S.F. State student arrested at sit-in" (p. 1), "Buddhist Churches of America inaugurates first Nisei bishop" (p ...
Frank Miyamoto Interview IV Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-145-20)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview IV Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-145-20)
The propensity for different ethnic groups to become involved in labor movement

This interview focuses on the narrator's experiences working in the Alaska salmon cannery system in the 1930s.

Frank Miyamoto Interview IV Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-145-19)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview IV Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-145-19)
Overview of the labor movement in the United States in the 1930s

This interview focuses on the narrator's experiences working in the Alaska salmon cannery system in the 1930s.

The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 72 (October 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-59)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 72 (October 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-59)
"Local 7 Rejects Ousted Officials" (p. 1), Postscript to World War II: Nation's War Dead to Return Oct. 10" (p. 1), "Court Returns Greenhouses to Japanese" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 39 (June 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-27)
"Many Alaska Salmon Industry Workers Sought" (p. 1), "Report Cites B.C. Removal of Japanese" (p. 1), "Okada and Satow Will Speak Here Monday Night in Buddhist Church; Report on Claims Board Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 33 (April 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-101)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 33 (April 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-101)
"Pacific Northwest Trade Helps Orient Recovery, NWA Aide Says" (p. 1), "House Will Hear Legislations on Naturalization April 19" (p. 1), "Orders Halt on Hearing Against CIO" (p. 1), "JACL to File Brief with Top Court to Back Takahashi in Fish Case" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
"Nisei War Dead on Second Shipment of State Servicemen Killed in Action" (p. 1), "New Local 7 Cannery Union Officers Will be Installed on Nov. 1" (p. 1), "JCCC Promises Legal Experts for Japanese" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
"Unions Reject Alaska Industrial Offer" (p. 1), "B.C. Students Ask Citizenship for Japanese, Indians" (p. 1), "Yoshida Urges U.S. to Stay in Japan to Insure Peace" (p. 1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court Refuses Appeal from Young-Chin" (p.1), "Nisei Growers/Pickers in Wage Row" (p.1, 5), "Schools Built by Evacuees at Poston I and II to Be Razed" (p.1), "When Sachio Left Town, Even the Cows Were Blue" (p.3), "Anti-Minority Backlash" (p.4).
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