Formation and work

The Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) was created on July 30, 1980 by an act of Congress. Formed mainly to investigate matters surrounding the incarceration and to recommend appropriate remedies, the CWRIC had no power to correct grievances and was viewed as a "copout" by those fighting for more immediate redress. Still, hearings were conducted in 20 cities across the nation beginning in 1981, and in 1982 the CWRIC issued its report 'Personal Justice Denied.' It was an exhaustive work that combined the testimonies of former camp inmates given at the hearings and research conducted by a team led by Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig. Ultimately, the CWRIC recommended, among other things, $20,000 individual compensation to those incarcerated and a formal government apology. This recommendation would be the basis for the many redress bills that were to follow. *See the CWRIC collection under photos/documents for examples of the documents found by CWRIC researchers.

Formation and work (49)

49 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 12 (March 22, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 12 (March 22, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-12)
Select article titles: "Japan Actor to Visit Hollywood, Aided stranded Nisei during War" (p. 1); "Simplified form for renunciant now at I&NS" (p.1); "Purple Heart veteran steals ring; nets $10, but faces 15-yr. prison term" (p. 3); "Busy start for Monterey Peninsula CL, auxiliary and Boy Scouts calendared" (p. 5); "Permanent home for Korean tyke sought ...
Jim Tsujimura Interview Segment 11 (ddr-one-7-23-11)
vh Jim Tsujimura Interview Segment 11 (ddr-one-7-23-11)
The commission approach to redress and its importance in education the community and general public

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the ...

William Marutani Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-44-12)
vh William Marutani Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-44-12)
Being the only Japanese American on the commission, knowing the facts

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-43-6)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-43-6)
Serving as special counsel to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-43-10)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-43-10)
Serving as special counsel to the commission

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. ...

Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-160)
doc Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-160)
Letter recommending Judge Charles Z. Smith to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.
Henry Miyatake Interview VI Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-58-15)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview VI Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-58-15)
Objections to the commission study strategy: "the Issei are dying"
William Marutani Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-44-7)
vh William Marutani Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-44-7)
The decision to form a commission

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-43-15)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-43-15)
"Personal Justice Denied," producing the commission report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-43-7)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-43-7)
Description of the commission members

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews ...

William Marutani Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-44-14)
vh William Marutani Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-44-14)
Having faith in the facts

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews ...

Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-150-18)
vh Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-150-18)
Meeting the staff of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC), gathering testimony from former camp inmates
Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-150-17)
vh Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-150-17)
Serving as administrator of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
John Tateishi Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-469-11)
vh John Tateishi Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-469-11)
The decision to form a commission in the fight for redress
Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-162)
doc Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-162)
Letter recommending Judge Charles Z. Smith to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.
Norman Mineta Interview Segment 5 (ddr-janm-13-3-5)
vh Norman Mineta Interview Segment 5 (ddr-janm-13-3-5)
The beginnings of the redress bill: recruiting key sponsors
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-127-10)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-127-10)
Collaborating with Aiko Yoshinaga and the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians
William Marutani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-44-20)
vh William Marutani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-44-20)
The commission findings and recommendations, a pragmatic approach

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-43-11)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-43-11)
"Personal Justice Denied": uncovering the past, creating a powerful report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-43-12)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-43-12)
Separating the historical report from the commission's recommendations

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-43-4)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-43-4)
Description of Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians staff members

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews ...

Angus Macbeth Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-43-8)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-43-8)
Meeting with the commission members

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews ...

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