Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (812)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

812 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 13 (September 27, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 13 (September 27, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-39)
Select article titles: "Author Gwen Terasaki Urges Nisei Serve As U.S.-Japan 'Bridge'" (p. 1); "Japanese request for continuing U.S. importation of temporary farm workers hinges on special gov't survey; no decision yet" (p. 1); "Justice Dep't okays 72 claims in August" (p. 2); "Formation of Nisei Voters League in San Francisco hailed by editor; 'isolationistic' trend ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 14 (October 4, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 14 (October 4, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-40)
Select article titles: "JACL stand on U.S.-Japan argued" (p. 1); "Negro, Japanese in U.S. compared" (p. 1); "JACL files 'amicus' brief supporting Issei in escheal case new in appeal court" (p. 3); "Traditional CL 'hands-off' policy voiced" (p. 5); "Lack of Japanese community media may be good sign, says new Mile-Hi editor" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 15 (October 11, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 15 (October 11, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-41)
Select article titles: "U.S. Supreme Court Reconvenes, JACL Interested in Three Cases" (p. 1); "40,000 Filipinos in California prospering; race problems minimized" (p. 1); "Percentage of Nisei Marrying Into Other Racial Groups Increasing Over Past Decade in Hawaii" (p. 2); "Army installation named for Nisei hero" (p. 7); "Apathy Toward Sacrifices of Nisei GIs Hit" (p. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 16 (October 18, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 16 (October 18, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-42)
Select article titles: "JACL in fight for right of association NAACP issue before U.S. Supreme Court to rule on basic rights of organizations" (p. 1); "Farm Laborers Being Returned, Refuse Contract" (p. 1); "Death of JACL leader Harry Miyake cited as example for Social Security benefits; family to get $200 per month" (p. 3); "Soldier-brides hear ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 9 (August 30, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-35)
Select article titles: "'Voting rights' bill nears approval, JACL calls for enactment by solons" (p. 1); House, Senate Approves over Million Dollars foor Claimants" (p. 1); "Teaching of English in japan Wide-open Field" (p. 2); "Housewife Urges Canada newspaper Drop use of 'Jap' in Headlines" (p. 5); "'Family Hardship' Immigration Bill O.K. By Congress Predicted" (p. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 17 (October 25, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 17 (October 25, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-43)
Select article titles: "Cemetery Sued. Refuses to Bury Child of Negro" (p. 1); "Supreme Court smashes another Southern attempt to block school desegregation" (p. 1); "Problem of internment of Japanese reported nil" (p. 1); "First Nisei International Convention opens in Tokyo; Kishi welcomes 500 delegates, hopes Nisei can help link nations" (p. 1); "Minority bias in ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 11 (September 13, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 11 (September 13, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-37)
Select article titles: "JACL hails signing of civil rights bill" (p. 1); "$1.3 Million claims measure signed by Ike" (p. 1); Senate Interior Committee urges Hawaii statehood without further delaying action" (p. 1); "Cut red tape for Nisei hero" 9p. 3); "Texas would bar Negro GIs wedded to German wives" (p. 3); "Spot survey by U.S. ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 12 (September 19, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 12 (September 19, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-38)
Select article titles: "JACL hails desegregation rule" (p.1); "PC column on claims makes 'Congressional Record'" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.7 (August 15, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.7 (August 15, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-33)
Select article titles: "24 candidates to be judged for 'Nisei of Biennium' recognition" (p.1); "Nat'l JACL to honor Justice Department officials for Evacuation Claims program" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 12 (Sepetember 16, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 12 (Sepetember 16, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-38)
Select article titles: "38 AJAs Named for Hawaiian State Primaries" (p. 3); "Tommy Kono 2nd in Olympic Weightlifting" (p. 6); "Congress passes bill to give Nisei postal, civil service employees evacuation credit" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 18 (May 3, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 18 (May 3, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-18)
Selected article titles: "Oregon Passes Own Version of No-Tax on Claims" (pp. 1, 3), "Segregation in Courtrooms Ruled Invalid" (pp. 1, 3), "Washington Newsletter: Employment Discrimination" (pp. 1-2), and "A Pillar of Strength" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 17 (October 21, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 17 (October 21, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-42)
Select article titles: "JACL backs Cal. Prop. 15 to allow more Issei voters" (p. 1); "Spark of Patsy may be ousted" (p. 1); "Sen. Fong urges AG to retain alien property funds" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 18 (October 28, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 18 (October 28, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-43)
Select article titles: "Yen deposit claims to be reviewed by Warren court" (p. 1); "Marine Corps to organize Oriental platoon for training next February" (p. 3); "Boston Public Schools classifies Chinese American pupils as 'whites'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 19, (November 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 19, (November 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-44)
Select article titles: "Senator Inouye Prefaces Appeal: JACL Bldg. Fund Drive Blasts Off" (p.1); "Evacuee Reparation Input Sought" (p.1); "Philadelphia JACL Seeks Papers for Its Local History" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 12 (September 19, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-37)
Selected article titles: "Dean Speaks at Tri-District: Seek 'Redress' for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Manuscript of Canada Nikkei History Written" (pp. 1, 3), "House Repeals E.O. 9066" (p. 1), and "Guest Column: Women in Japan" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 2 (January 17, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 2 (January 17, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-2)
Selected article titles: "Dean Interested in Evacuee Reparations" (p. 1), "Little Tokyo Redevelopment: Northsiders Tiff with City Hall" (p. 1), and "The Rice Act of 1974: Manna in the U.S." (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 18 (May 9, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 18 (May 9, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-18)
Selected article titles: "Viet Exodus Stirs Racism" (pp. 1-2), "Minority One: Lesson of a Pilgrimage" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-Political Education: How Should We Seek Reparations?" (pp. 1-2), and "Book Review: A Crucial Japan-American Period" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
Selected article titles: "MDC Reparations Survey" (pp. 1, 3), "Sen. Inouye Explains Final Lesson to Be Learned from Watergate Trauma" (p. 1), "Editorials: A Battered Manzanar Plaque" (p. 2), and "Ye Editor's Desk: Other Thoughts on the Visit" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Farm Problems Aired" (p. 1), "Nikkei Back at Poston for Look" (pp. 1-2), "Manzanar Plaque Found Defaced" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: John Dean on Redress" (p. 2).
People at the ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-193)
img People at the ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-193)
Caption on reverse: "Old Exec. Off. Bldg. Shig Wakamatsu, Homer Yasui, Bryan Matsui, Doris Matsui, True Yasui, Pat Okura, Helen Hayashi (Mineta's aide San Jose)."
Luncheon for Congressman Mineta (ddr-densho-10-191)
img Luncheon for Congressman Mineta (ddr-densho-10-191)
Event: President Reagan signing the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. Caption on reverse: "Rayburn Bldg. Sumi Kobayashi, George Uyehara, Hiro Uyehara."
Filming a redress meeting (ddr-densho-10-24)
img Filming a redress meeting (ddr-densho-10-24)
Caption on reverse: "Dean Wong, Dean Hayasaka (camera), John Esaki / Video crew - May 13, 1990."
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