Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (607)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

607 items
Explanatory List of Internment Camp Photographs (ddr-densho-345-77)
doc Explanatory List of Internment Camp Photographs (ddr-densho-345-77)
A list of 71 captions to photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his research team, Stan Turner and Anna Maria Coletti, of Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps. These photographs were taken to show the preservation of the sites to show as evidence to the National Parks Service as to which site would be designated a ...
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-104)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-104)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Voluntary fire station in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-128)
img Voluntary fire station in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-128)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee graveyard marker (ddr-densho-345-87)
img Manzanar internee graveyard marker (ddr-densho-345-87)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 41 (ddr-densho-1000-138-41)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 41 (ddr-densho-1000-138-41)
Reflections on the passage of the redress legislation: "I was so surprised"

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct ...

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 3 (January 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 3 (January 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-3)
Selected article titles: "Mitsue Takahashi Taking Case to the Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 3), "LEC Strategist Expresses High Hopes for More Redress Funds" (pp. 1, 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Close Encounters of an Imperial Kind" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 14 (April 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-14)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 14 (April 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-14)
Selected article titles: "Senate hearing on redress bill set" (p. 1), "Asian American Democrats: getting involved in political process means clear goals, hard work" (p. 1), "Calif. Honors leaders in compensatory education" (p. 2), "Entertainers to perform at fund-raiser for redress coalition" (p. 3), "'And Justice For All'" advertisement (p. 6), "Hito Okada Was JACL Personified ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 24 (December 14, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-49)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 24 (December 14, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-49)
Selected article titles: "It's confirmed: Sansei prefer to marry non-Japanese" (p. 1), "Little Tokyo time capsule to be buried" (p. 2), "Direct redress committee to fete Yasui" (p. 3), "Preserving Prewar Images of Seattle Issei" (p. 5), "Future of Little Tokyo" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 17 (October 21, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 17 (October 21, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-42)
Select article titles: "JACL backs Cal. Prop. 15 to allow more Issei voters" (p. 1); "Spark of Patsy may be ousted" (p. 1); "Sen. Fong urges AG to retain alien property funds" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 10 (October 6, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 10 (October 6, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-35)
Selected article titles: "'Never Hated Them Before, But I Do Now' Says Letter Writer of Asians in America" (p. 1), "Senate Approves Redress as Entitlement"(p. 1), "Non-Nikkei Groups Supporting Redress Push Honored by JACL" (pp. 1, 3), and "Proposed Little Tokyo Nisei War Monument to Focus on WWII Record of 13,639 Veterans" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 10 (March 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 10 (March 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-10)
Selected article titles: "Redress Called 'Stupid': Redress Injunction Filed by Vets' Group" (pp. 1-2), "'Tenure Now' Rally for Don Nakanishi Draws 300 at UCLA" (p. 1), "Cal Poly Pomona Students Protest Anti-Asian Attacks" (pp. 1-2), and "Politics: Attitudes Toward the Emperor" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 14 (April 14, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 14 (April 14, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-14)
Selected article titles: "House Subcommittee: $250 Million for Redress" (p. 1), "AAJA Presents James Omura with 'Lifetime Achievement Award'" (pp. 1, 5), and "By the Board: Keeping JACL Alive" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 9 (March 10, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 9 (March 10, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-9)
Selected article titles: "Suit Called 'Frivolous': Vets' Group Plans Injunction to Stop Redress" (pp. 1, 5), "JACL-LEC Meeting: Redress Campaign Continues" (pp. 1, 3), "Pima Indians Recall Injustice Against Japanese Americans" (p. 4), and "'Our Times': Japan's Era from Showa to Heisei" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 3 (August 4-11, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 3 (August 4-11, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-28)
Selected article titles: "17 Japanese Americans Seek Dismissal of Anti-Redress Suit" (p. 1), "March and Rally for $500 Million Now in Redress Staged" (pp. 1, 7), "Japanese Canadian Redress Community Fund: $12 Million: Issei, Nisei, Sansei Ideas Differ on Use of Funds; Regional Patterns Vary on Importance of Projects" (p. 2), and "Moshi Moshi: English in ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 16 (November 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 16 (November 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-41)
Selected article titles: "Information on Redress Form: Documentation Procedures Streamlined, Three Options Identified by JACL-LEC" (p. 1), "Bush Receives Conference Report Containing Redress Entitlement" (p. 1), "Japanese Contributions for No. Calif. Earthquake Relief Total $9.5 Millions [sic]" (p. 2), and "L.A. Participants Called to Add Stitches to 'Threads of Remembrance' Pictorial Quilt" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 6 (February 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 6 (February 17, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-6)
Selected article titles: "Bush Silent on Redress Money" (p. 1), "Education Conference: More APAs Needed in Higher Education" (pp. 1-2), "Japanese American Celebration at UCLA" (pp. 2, 5), and "From the Frying Pan: Errors of Ignorance Hurt Nonetheless" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 15 (April 21, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-15)
Selected article titles: "Redress Eligibility of Nisei Vets Aired with ORA Administrator" (p. 1), "Wall Street Journal Notes Supplemental Redress Bill Action: 'Priority, Leadership of Majority Whip Coelho' Cited for Adding $250 Million" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadians Unveil Plaque at 1942 Camp Entrance" (p. 2), and "By the Board: JACL's Proposed 'Mega-Fund'" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 9 (March 9, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 9 (March 9, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-9)
Select article titles: "Most States Tell JACL-LEC Redress Payments Will be Exempt from Income Tax; Follow-up Urged"(p.1);"'Buddaheads' vs. 'Kotonks': Cultures of Hawaiian and Mainland Nikkei Explored"(p.2); "L.A. City Attorney Renews Move to Avoid Minorites Census Undercounting of 1980"(p.3); "Nikkei Veterans of WWII, Korea, Vietnam, Honored by City, Officials ...
Issei men waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-36)
img Issei men waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-36)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 112, No. 10 [March 15, 1991] (ddr-pc-63-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 112, No. 10 [March 15, 1991] (ddr-pc-63-10)
Select article titles: "California bill would protect redress money" (p. 1), "Washington state war dead honored" (p. 1), "Washington state Asians meet" (p. 3).
Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
doc Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
Oral history interview with Takashi Tsutsui. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TSUTSUI_TAKASHI
Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
doc Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
Oral history interview with Mamoru Masuda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASUDA_MAMORU
Eric Andow interview (ddr-csujad-6-2)
doc Eric Andow interview (ddr-csujad-6-2)
Oral history interview with Eric Andow. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_ANDOW_ERIC
Tribute to the life of Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-130)
doc Tribute to the life of Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-130)
An announcement for a tribute to Michi Weglyn, organized by her friends in San Francisco. The following people are listed as hosts of the event: Clifford Uyeda, Kiku Funabiki, Wayne M. Collins, Kenji G. Taguma, Rosalyn Tonai, Toshiko Kawamoto, Grace Shimizu, Fumie Shimada, Mits Koshiyama, Jean Ishibashi, Audee Kochiyama-Holman. See this object in the California State ...
JA community mourns death of historian and activist Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-129)
doc JA community mourns death of historian and activist Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-129)
An obituary of Michi Weglyn written by her lifelong friend Sachi W. Seko and published in "Pacific Citizen," the newspaper of the Japanese American Citizens league (JACL). The article is an emotional tribute to Weglyn and a vivid description of the end of her life. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization ...
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