Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (588)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

588 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 4 (August 7-14, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 4 (August 7-14, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-29)
Selected article titles: "Inouye Lauded by Many for Role in Hearings" (p. 1), "Amended Version: S.1009 Passes Senate Committee" (pp. 1-2), "Over 120 Participate in NCRR Delegation to Lobby Capitol" (pp. 1-2), and "Little Tokyo District Formally Entered on National Register" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
Selected article titles: "Bill's Backers Optimistic" (pp. 1, 4), "JACL Reacts to INS Plan to Put Arabs in Detention Camp" (pp. 1-2), "The Continuing PC Saga: A Brief Synopsis" (p. 4), and "Solicitations Planned: JACL Explores Ways to Attract Members" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 5 (August 21-28, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 5 (August 21-28, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-30)
Selected article titles: "Students Among NCRR Delegation" (pp. 1, 3), "Commemoration Celebrates Imai's Walk for Peace" (pp. 1-2), "Internment Experience of Japanese Americans Is Basis for Musical" (p. 3), and "Legislative Alert for Visitors of Smithsonian Exhibit" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
Selected article titles: "Parallel Between Treatment of Palestinians and JAs Seen" (pp. 1, 3), "Hirabayashi, Other Asians Listed in Wash. Hall of Fame" (pp. 1, 3), "Conference to Look at How to Resolve Inter-Ethnic Conflict" (p. 3), and "Action in the Senate" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 18 (May 3, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 18 (May 3, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-18)
Selected article titles: "Oregon Passes Own Version of No-Tax on Claims" (pp. 1, 3), "Segregation in Courtrooms Ruled Invalid" (pp. 1, 3), "Washington Newsletter: Employment Discrimination" (pp. 1-2), and "A Pillar of Strength" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 20 (November 15, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 20 (November 15, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-45)
Selected article titles: "JACL--National Board: New Evacuee Reparation Concept Without Massive Pay Bill Explained" (p. 1), "San Francisco Nihonmachi: Agency's 10-Year Report" (pp. 1, 3), and "Topaz Revisited: Desert Sands Reclaiming History" (pp. 1, 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Farm Problems Aired" (p. 1), "Nikkei Back at Poston for Look" (pp. 1-2), "Manzanar Plaque Found Defaced" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: John Dean on Redress" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2054 (August 3, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2054 (August 3, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-30)
Selected article titles: "Minidoka Site Dedication: Sen. Church, Hosokawa Paired" (p. 1), "Viet Refugees in Japan Unhappy, Few Want to Stay" (p. 1), "From the Frying Pan: Chapter Vote on Redress" (p. 5), and "Jesse Kuhaulua Faces Toughest Sumo Bout: Career or Citizenship" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2062 (September 28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2062 (September 28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-38)
Selected article titles: "House Leaders to Introduce Redress Bill" (p. 1), "Anger Seen as Successful Style for Viet Refugees into U.S. Life" (p. 1),"From the Frying Pan: Some 'Big Nisei' in the Healing Arts" (p. 5), and "From the Pacific Northwest: To Look Ahead--Look Back" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No.2036 (March 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No.2036 (March 30, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-12)
Selected article titles: "Mineta at Univ. of Michigan: New Generation of Americans Need to Be Told" (p. 1), "Dr. Makio Murayama: Study on Oral Intake of Urea Urged for Sickle Cell Treatment" (p. 3), "East Wind: Divorce: Issei Style (None)" (pp. 5, 8), and "Judge Acquits Suspect in Nishizaki Murder" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2074 (December 21-28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2074 (December 21-28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-50)
Special holiday issue. Selected article titles: "School Teacher Recalls Minidoka" (p. 26), "In Defense of JACL's Founding Membership Principle: Citizenship" (pp. 47-48), "Nikkei Impressions of Nikkei America After a Long Absence" (pp. 49, 92), and "Growing up in Postwar Japan" (pp. 54, 94).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2055 (August 10, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2055 (August 10, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-31)
Selected article titles: "Inouye, Matsunaga, Hayakawa, Cranston, Church, and McClure Co-Sponsor Study Bill for Redress" (pp. 1-2), "Munemori's Medals Enshrined at Ft. DeRussy Army Museum" (p. 1), "In the Wake of Hiroshima" (p. 3), and "Question and Answer Fact Sheet: Why Seek Redress? What Are the Issues?" (pp. 5, 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2063 (October 5, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2063 (October 5, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-39)
Selected article titles: "Over 110 Co-Author House Version of S 1647 Bill" (p. 1), "Nippon Corporate Investment Sought to Rebuild South Bronx" (pp. 1,3), "From the Frying Pan: Scholars from Japan Snap Stereotype" (p. 5), and "From the Midwest: Whither JACL" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2044 (May 25, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-20)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2044 (May 25, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-20)
Selected article titles: "Vietnamese in Texas Cling to Culture" (pp. 1-2), "Seattle Challenges on Redress" (pp. 3, 5), "Semantic Nonsense or Though Provocation: Rest of Nation Gains When Hayakawa Focus Wrong" (3, 5), and "Chiaroscuro: Nikkei Politics" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 2 (July 22-29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 2 (July 22-29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-27)
Selected article titles: "Masaoka Warns Resolution Endangers Redress Program" (pp. 1, 10), "Candlelit Lantern Floats, Buddhist-Christian Services to Remember Hibakusha of Hiroshima-Nagasaki" (p. 3), "National JACL Constitution / Bylaws" (pp. 7-10), and "Former Renunciant Charges WW2 Scientist with Defamation" (p. 13).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 19 (May 13, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 19 (May 13, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-19)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 & H.R. 442 in Conference; Final Draft Uncertain: Redress Bills Differ Over 'Eligibility' of Individuals" (p. 1), "JACL-LEC Announces Mailgram Info' (pp. 1, 6), "Munn Letter Urges Reagan to Sign Redress Bill" (pp. 2-3), and "Who Is 'Eligible' for Redress?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 15 (November 11, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 15 (November 11, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-40)
Selected article titles: "Nikkei Contributions to Floral Industry Recognized by JANM" (p. 1), "ORA Director Updates Redress Progress" (pp. 1, 6), "Report Finds Earnings Gap Decreased Between Asian and White Men in U.S." (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: A Return to Distant Roots" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
Selected article titles: "Circulating Verification Forms Confuse Ex-Internees" (pp. 1, 3), "Congressional Record: Lungren's & Bork's Viewpoints on Redress Revealed" (pp. 1, 3), "Mulroney Calls Internment a 'Tragedy', but Refuses to Follow U.S. Example" (p. 1), and "Moshi Moshi: Racism in Japan" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 11 (October 14, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 11 (October 14, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-36)
Selected article titles: "'Funny Fact' an Exaggeration?" (p. 1), "Firms Not Sensitive to U.S. Blacks, Says Caucus" (pp. 1, 5), and "UCLA Offering Postdoctoral Fellowships in Japanese American Studies" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 8 (March 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 8 (March 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-8)
Selected article titles: "Question of Nisei Loyalty to U.S. Raised by Carter Transition Staff" (p.1), "Hirabayashi Cites Value of Education in Reparations" (p.1, 3), "Carter Virtually Ignores Asian American Appointees" (p.2), "Hokazono: Colorado Pioneer" (p.5), "Internment Credit Bill" (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 11 (March 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 11 (March 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-11)
Selected article titles: "Ariyoshi Plan to Save Hawaii Life Style Against Population Growth May Need Type of Justification Used for Evacuation" (p.1, 3), "New JACL Director Is Karl Nobuyuki" (p.1), "Text for Tule Lake Plaque OK" (p.1), "Reparation Grants to Community Groups Seen as 'Misappropriation' by Seattleites" (p.3), "Somtething's Rotten in ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 19 (November 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 19 (November 4, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-43)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Recall Auto Insurance Bias" (p.1, 3), "The Curious Marriage of Osaka and Arkansas" (p.1, 4), "WW2 PWs Seek Legal Ground to Sue for Illegal Treatment" (p.3), "Why Reparations?" (p.4), "Japanese Americans Rediscovering Their Roots" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.7 (August 15, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.7 (August 15, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-33)
Select article titles: "24 candidates to be judged for 'Nisei of Biennium' recognition" (p.1); "Nat'l JACL to honor Justice Department officials for Evacuation Claims program" (p.8)
Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
img Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Frank Sato to Walter F. Mondale (ddr-densho-345-71)
doc Letter from Frank Sato to Walter F. Mondale (ddr-densho-345-71)
Frank Sato asks for Walter Mondale's support in the redress effort.
API