Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (290)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

290 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 2 (January 15, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 2 (January 15, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-2)
Selected article titles: "New Alien Law Eliminates Annual Address Reporting" (p. 1), "The Other Internees of World War II" (pp. 2-3), "Peter Imamura: Separate but Equal" (p. 3), and "Chapter Report: JACL in Japan Keeps Rolling" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 4 (July 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 4 (July 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-29)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Appellate Court Rules INS Raids Violate Constitutional Rights" (pp. 1, 3), "Kokekokko: 'Japanese Camps'" (p. 6), "Inouye's 6 Steps to Reduce Tensions for War" (p. 8), and "Chief Justice Warren and the Japanese Detention Cases" (pp. 8, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
Selected article titles: "EO 9066 Proclaimed 40 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Raids to Continue; Ten Aliens Voluntarily Go Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 3: Remembering 9066" (p. 2), and "School Discipline in Tokyo Falling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
Selected article titles: "JACL Urges Retention of 5th Preference in Immigrant Bill" (p. 1), "Names of Former State Workers Eligible for AB 2710 Released" (pp. 1-2), "Noguchi Begins His Defense" (p. 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Nisei Aging Project in Critical Need" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 9 (August 27, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 9 (August 27, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-34)
Selected article titles: "SF Civil Rights Groups File Suit Against INS for 'Raids'" (pp. 1-2), "Senate Immigration Bill Was Opposed by Civil Rights Groups" (pp. 1, 12), "Ye Editor's Desk: When Mike Spoke Up" (pp. 4, 6), and "Behind the War Clouds: A Story of Unsung Valor and Devotion" (pp. 8-9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
Selected article titles: "Immigration Raids Alarm Little Tokyo" (pp. 1, 12), "FDR 'Tapes' Tell More Than a Few Racial Slurs" (pp. 1, 7), "60th Anniversary Installation: Why the JACL Endures" (p. 7), and "The Major Supreme Court Error of WW2: Evacuation Cases" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
Special New Year edition. Selected article titles: "Jackson: Japan Must Improve Treatment of Minorities" (pp. 1, 13), "Putting Substance Behind Our Words" (p. 8), "1986 Chronology" (pp. 10-12), and "Joseph Heco and the Joseph Heco Society" (pp. 18, 20-21).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 17 (November 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 17 (November 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-42)
Selected article titles: "Coalition Calls for Ethnic Studies Course" (p. 1), "13,639 Names to Be Included: Memorial Honoring Nikkei WW2 Vets, MIS Proposed" (p. 1), "Immigration Control and Reform Act: Mineta, Matsui, Irked by Report" (p. 1), and "Over 175 Attend JACL-Sponsored Redress Workshop" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 2 (July 21-28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 2 (July 21-28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-27)
Selected article titles: "Close to 500 Participate as PANA Opens" (pp. 1, 5), "House Increases Redress Figure to $50 Million for Fiscal Year 1990" (p. 1), "Heart Mtn. Resisters Speak Out at Forum" (pp. 1-2), and "First Japanese in U.S. Came by Mistake" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
Select article titles: "Draft Resisters React Favorably to Resolution"(p.1);"Redress Eligibility Process for WWII Nisei Servicemen Explained"(p.1);"Recent Immigrants Strain Chinatown's Resources"(p.2); "L.A. Unified School District Dedicates Its First Japanese American Named School"(p.3); "Resolution 13: To Heal the Community's Wartime Wounds"(p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 11 (March 23, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 11 (March 23, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-11)
Select article titles: "An Address from JACL-LEC Legislative Strategy Chair"(p.1);"Asian Pacific Municipal Officials Caucus Holds Workshop on Black/Asian Relations"(p.1);"Sakura Grove Dedicated as Memorial to Walerga Assembly Center"(p.2); "70% Increase in Asian/Pacific People from 1980 to 1988 Due to Immigration"(p.3); "San Francisco's Boy Scout Troop 12, Among U.S.'s Oldest, Founded by Issei"(p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
Selected article titles: "Affirmative Action Programs Limited by Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 12), "JACL Opposes Cuts in Number of Legal Immigrants Allowed" (pp. 1, 5, 12), "Central California Highway to Honor 100/442nd, MIS" (p. 4), "Sgt. John Matsumoto Quiet Saga of WWII Nisei Aerial Gunner" (p. 5), and "Tracing the Jewish-Nisei Connection: Inouye, Vets Reunited with ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 9 (May 3-16, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 9 (May 3-16, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-9)
Selected article titles: "JACL Leaders: Robert Sakaniwa Views Role as JACL D.C. Representative" (pp. 1, 14), "Civil Liberties Public Education Board to Dispense $5 Million Fund" (pp. 1, 12), "JACL National Convention News: Here's the Lineup for the 34th Biennual [sic] JACL Convention" (p. 6), and "From the Frying Pan: Novel Brings Awareness of Evacuation" (p. ...
Name check for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-137)
doc Name check for Takami Hibiya (ddr-densho-381-137)
A history of Takami Hibiya's family, education, employment, and community activities.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 7 (Febuary 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 7 (Febuary 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-7)
Selected article titles: "Bill implementing Ike's message on immigration ups Japan quota: 563" (p. 1), "House Judiciary considering Lane-Hillings claim bill" (p. 1), "Publication of Letter Arouses Nisei Protest to Newsweek" (p. 1), "JACL telegram defends Nisei loyalty to U.S. in reply to magazine letter" (p. 1), "Colorado community boasts of 100% in naturalization of eligible ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 17 (April 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 17 (April 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-17)
Select article titles: "Sansei slain, innocent victim of teenage gang skirmish" (p.1); "ADC booster in Hawaii helps 1,200 Issei achieve U.S. citizenship" (p.8) Starting in No. 13, the volume number in the header changes from 46 to 26. This printing error is not corrected for the rest of the volume.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.5 (August 1, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.5 (August 1, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-31)
Select article titles: "Stranded Japanese wife of sailor finds U.S. Navy had heart as red tape cut" (p.1); "Urge chapters give delegates free hand on voting of JACL's U.S.-Japan policy" (p. 5); "House passes bill to aid alien not listed as 'Legally Admitted'" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 8 (August 22, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 8 (August 22, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-34)
Select article titles: "Crucial issues before conventioners" (p.1); "Japanese press still ignores progress of U.S.-born Nisei" (p.7); "Congress approves bills to aid alien status adjustment in U.S." (p.8) Week of Biennium Conference in Salt Lake City, Utah
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 12 (March 21, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 12 (March 21, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-12)
Select article titles: "Merriam Unabridged Dictionary to note use of 'Jap' as disparaging remark in next edition" (p.1); "Helping other minorities helps all, JACLers told at own Brotherhood dinner" (p.5); "4,000 Japanese war brides in Hawaii; 600 in Chicago area" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
Select article titles: "Nisei attorney alleges racial bias in San Jose suburban housing tract" (p.1); "Canada relaxes rule permitting citizens to import marriage mates" (p.1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 13 (March 25, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 13 (March 25, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-13)
Select article titles: "Ike's immigration bill hailed as 'step in right direction'" (p. 1); "JACL Accepts Invitation for White House Conference on Youth" (p.1); "Son of Shinto priest becomes convert of Judaism after lifetime study of Old Testament, assisted Jewish refugees flee Nazi terror" (p.3); "Yoshino, Masaoka named delegates to civil liberties meet" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No. 8 (February 19, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No. 8 (February 19, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-8)
Select article titles: "40,000 Japanese Admitted to U.S. in Past Decade" (p.1); "Story of Sansei co-ed 'blackbaited' from college sorority because of ancestry places meaning in JACL youth program" (p.3); "'Cap' Tamura promoted county counsel for Orange County, on staff since 1948" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 5 (July 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 5 (July 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-31)
Select article titles: "Hearst editorial supports repeal of alien land law" (p.1); "Canadian Nisei bids for BC legislature" (p.1); "Promotions slow for Oriental workers to supervisory posts, says state expert" (p.3); "Japanese Canadians told 'careful consideration' to immigration problems assured, discuss U.S. Asian-Pacific triangle formula" (p.8)
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