Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (280)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

279 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 1 (January 3, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 1 (January 3, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-1)
Selected article titles: "West L.A. JACL Concludes First Year Under Woman Presidebt" (p.1), "Senate Subcommittee to Consider Two Proposals for Changes in Immigration Law" (p.1), "Los Angeles Slated for Study Project of Area Redevelopment Administration" (p.1), "1963 in Retrospect" (p.2), "Kawakita Returns to Japan, Grateful to President Kennedy for Release Order" (p.3).
Toru Naito (ddr-csujad-8-47)
doc Toru Naito (ddr-csujad-8-47)
Oral history interview with Toru Naito. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Naito, Toru
Shizuka Dobashi (ddr-csujad-8-8)
doc Shizuka Dobashi (ddr-csujad-8-8)
Oral history interview with Shizuka Dobashi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Dobashi, Shinzuka
Mrs. Michiko Kataoka Neishi (ddr-csujad-8-52)
doc Mrs. Michiko Kataoka Neishi (ddr-csujad-8-52)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Michiko Kataoka Neishi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Neishi, Mrs Michiko Kataoka
George Masashi and Mitsuno Hashimoto (ddr-csujad-8-18)
doc George Masashi and Mitsuno Hashimoto (ddr-csujad-8-18)
Oral history interview with George Masashi and Mitsuno Hashimoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hashimoto, George Masashi and Mitsuno
Imano Hatakeda (ddr-csujad-8-19)
doc Imano Hatakeda (ddr-csujad-8-19)
Oral history interview with Imano Hatakeda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hatakeda, Imano
Harumi Hoshiko (ddr-csujad-8-24)
doc Harumi Hoshiko (ddr-csujad-8-24)
Oral history interview with Harumi Hoshiko. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hoshiko, Harumi
Shigeo Uota (ddr-csujad-8-80)
doc Shigeo Uota (ddr-csujad-8-80)
Oral history interview with Shigeo Uota. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Uota, Shigeo
Kichizo Morita (ddr-csujad-8-42)
doc Kichizo Morita (ddr-csujad-8-42)
Oral history interview with Kichizo Morita. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Morita, Kichizo
Minority Groups in Hawaii (ddr-csujad-19-48)
doc Minority Groups in Hawaii (ddr-csujad-19-48)
This article from "Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science," published in September 1942, by William C. Smith describes about the minority groups in Hawaii, the labor problems and immigration. It also describes in brief about the race relations in Hawaii. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Copy of census register [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-22)
doc Copy of census register [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-22)
English translation of the census information for Tsugitada Kanamori. The original document in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0023. It includes information about his birth date of September 7, 1922, his birth place, the city of Port Hueneme in Oxnard just north of Los Angeles, as well as information about the marriage to his wife, Kazuko ...
An Oral History with Margaret Masuoka (ddr-csujad-29-25)
av An Oral History with Margaret Masuoka (ddr-csujad-29-25)
An interview with Margaret Masuoka, a volunteer at the Japanese American National Museum (JANM), conducted for the Japanese American Project at California State Fullerton's Center for Oral and Public History. Specifically, this interview provides insight to Masuoka's personal history dealing with the prejudice that she and her family faced due their Japanese ancestry; her family's settlement ...
English translation of: The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-7)
doc English translation of: The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-7)
A passport for Moritaro Ishida issued on March 23, 1916. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1339_M01_02
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
"House Committee Hears Masaoka's Plea" (p. 1), "Backs Quota for Asiatics" (p. 1) "Files Answer in Land Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
"Naturalization Rights for Parents of All War Vets Urged by Legion" (p. 1), "ADC Asks Data On Work Bias" (p. 1)
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