Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (279)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

278 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 10, (September 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 10, (September 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-35)
Select article titles:"Opposition to So. Korea Govt. Seen Taking Hold" (p.1); "EXECOM at Detroit Open Board sessions Voted" (p.1); "NIMH Funds Asian American Drug Abuse Program on County-wide Basis" (p.1); "Citizenship and the Alien" (p.2); "You Are Out of Order, Mr. Wilson" (p.3); "United Japanese Community Services Operating on United ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
Selected article titles: "President Signs Immigration Act Repealing Asian Quotas" (p.1, 3), "CREA Lauded by Commissioner Gordon for Effortts to Fight Housing Discrimination" (p.1), "Final Evacuation Claim Approved by U.S. Court of Claims" (p.1), "PNWDC Prepping for Third Try at Land Law Repeal" (p.1, 4), "History Project: "Contributions of Pacific Northwest ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 10 (September 3, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 10 (September 3, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-36)
Selected article titles: "Senate Tightens Immigrations Bill, All Racial Quotas Removed" (p.1-2), "Earl Finch, Godfather of 442d, Heart Attack Victim at Age 49" (p.1, 5), "President's Corner: Civil Rights and the JACL" (p.1), "House Immigration Debate" (p.2), "Sponsors Deny Nisei Cast in Bad Light on 'FBI' Teleplay" (p.3), "Seattle Wonders ...
The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-29-6)
doc The Imperial Japanese Government Passport for Moritaro Ishida, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-29-6)
A passport for Moritaro Ishida issued on April 8, 1916. Registered by Consulate General of Japan in Seattle on June 21, 1923. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1339_M01_01
On Tolerance, newspaper editorial, The Press Democrat, May 27, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-15)
doc On Tolerance, newspaper editorial, The Press Democrat, May 27, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-15)
Newspaper editorial dated May 27, 1942, on Sonoma County, California's Japanese evacuation and incarceration. Author offers stance of tolerance and "true democracy." Author is anonymously named "Miss Nineteen." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: lp041-01-004
Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-23)
doc Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-23)
The certified copy of Tsugitada Kanamori's family registration in Japan, issued by Ryoitsu Kikuchi, the Mayor of Miyagi Shida-gun Kashimadai. Includes information about his birth date of September 7, 1922, his birth place, the city of Port Hueneme in Oxnard just north of Los Angeles, as well as information about the marriage to his wife ...
Attached answers to affidavit questions (ddr-csujad-12-27)
doc Attached answers to affidavit questions (ddr-csujad-12-27)
This item contains the more in-depth answers to questions on the affidavit that Tsugitada Kanamori submitted. In these extended answers to questions about Kanamori's repatriation to Japan and his refusal to pledge allegiance to the United States, he discusses his fear of violence and desire to keep his family together which resulted in his answering ...
Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
doc Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
Oral history interview with Masao Araki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Araki, Masao
Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
doc Stanley Masashi Nagata (ddr-csujad-8-46)
Oral history interview with Stanley Masashi Nagata. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nagata, Stanley Masashi
Shigeo Hirahara (ddr-csujad-8-86)
doc Shigeo Hirahara (ddr-csujad-8-86)
Oral history interview with Shigeo Hirahara. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hirahara, Shigeo
Mrs. Shinobu Mikami (ddr-csujad-8-41)
doc Mrs. Shinobu Mikami (ddr-csujad-8-41)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Shinobu Mikami. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Mikami, Mrs Shinobu
Hiroshi Mayeda (ddr-csujad-8-40)
doc Hiroshi Mayeda (ddr-csujad-8-40)
Oral history interview with Hiroshi Mayeda [Maeda]. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Mayeda, Hiroshi
An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
av An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
Reflections of an elderly Orange County, California couple on their experiences in America. He recounts his years as an immigrant; she discusses her family background, makeup of Japanese-American community, and rural living. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton; interview conducted by Pat Morgan ...
An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
av An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
A Sansei and conscientious objector to the Vietnam war discusses alternate service as partner in Amerasia Bookstore, a nonprofit organization serving Los Angeles's Little Tokyo; activities in Young Buddhist Association; parent's reaction to his current life-style; and long term effect of World War II incarceration. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese Oral ...
An Oral History with Craig Kei Ihara (ddr-csujad-29-1)
av An Oral History with Craig Kei Ihara (ddr-csujad-29-1)
Oral history with Craig Kei Ihara, Sansei and California State University, Fullerton philosophy professor, born at the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas discusses family history, focusing on religion, education, aspirations, and cultural heritage; and recent overnight stay at old Rohwer campsite. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project for the Center for ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 63 (August 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-230)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 63 (August 6, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-230)
"Local JACL Offers Assistance in Processing of Loss Claims" (p. 1), "Visitors to Nippon May Extend Stay 60 Days Under New Ruling" (p. 1), "Discrimination Hit by Rev. Briggs in Senate Hearing" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 30 (April 22, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-16)
"NVC to Show 442nd Film" (p. 1), "U.S. Navy Now Admits Nisei" (p. 1), "Three Judges Hear Case of Mrs. Bouiss" (p. 1), "Two Wholesale Evacuations: American and Canadian" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 55 (August 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-42)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 55 (August 5, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-42)
"Senate Approves Measure to Probe Immigration Situation in Nation" (p. 1), "Kawakita to be Tried for Treason in Los Angeles on October 21" (p. 1) "About The Sun's Invasion of B.C." (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 20 (March 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-7)
"Fort Denies GI's in Town Saturday Night" (p. 1), "Pay Differences Peril Continuance of Salmon Industry" (p. 1), "Most Japanese Unaffected by Deportation Rule" (p. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
"U.S. Court Hears Status of 5,500 Nisei" (p. 1), "Seeks Passage of Claims Bill" (p. 1), "M.I.S. Grads Total 2,675 in Monterey" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 52 (July 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-39)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 52 (July 25, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-39)
"House Passes Evacuations Claims Legislation" (p. 1), "VFW Measure Urges Naturalization of Japanese "Gold Star' Parents" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 34 (May 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-20)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 34 (May 6, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-20)
"House Unit Hearing on H.R. 2933 Finished" (p. 1), "Lifts Curbs on Japanese East of B.C." (p. 1), "Geisha Girls Are Having a Rough Time Under Allied Rule, It Says Here" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 51 (June 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-218)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 51 (June 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-218)
"Japanese Alien Granted Stay" (p. 1), "JACL (Victim of Greatest Violation) Asks Okay of Civil Rights Legislation" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 77 (September 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-139)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 77 (September 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-139)
"Public Law 863 Helps Aliens to Change Residence Status" (p. 1), "Nisei Firm Wins Coal Contracts" (p. 1), "Cpl. Kokubu of Oregon to be Buried at Arlington Cemetery Thursday" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 78 (September 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-140)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 78 (September 18, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-140)
"Evangelical, Reformed Church Supports End of Racial Bias in Present Immigration Laws" (p. 1), "Laws Favoring Japanese OK'd" (p. 1),
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