Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (226)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

226 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 50 (July 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-37)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 50 (July 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-37)
"Invite 11 Nations to Begin Talks for Early Japanese Peace Pact" (p. 1), "Probe Shoyu Sold on Shelves of Local Stores" (p. 1), "Truman Signs Thurn Bill" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 37 (May 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-25)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 37 (May 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-25)
"4700 Japanese in Area" (p. 1), "Permit Naturalization of Kin of War Heroes, Solon Asks" (p. 1) "What Claims Board Bill Says" (p. 2) "Nisei Pugilists Score Hit With Aloha Garb in Scotland" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
"Presidio School Graduates 28, Smallest in History of MISLS" (p. 1), "MP's Return from Easter Holidays, Ponder Canada's Omnibus Bill" (p. 1) "Vets Open Tavern on Jackson St." (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 13 (September 26, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 13 (September 26, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-39)
Select article titles: "Man who helped 1,200 former aliens gain U.S. citizenship to be recognized" (p.1); "JACL endorses 'Give a Buck' plan for political campaigns" (p.1); "Buddhist leader appeals to Nisei, Sansei to fuse best of U.S.-Japan cultures" (p.7)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 13 (March 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 13 (March 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-13)
Selected article titles: "Bill Proposing Japan Quota of 5,300 Introduced" (p.1), "JACLers at FCC Hearings Deplore Showing of Anti-Nisei Films" (p.1), "Chuman Admitted to Practice Before U.S. Supreme Court" (p.1), "Introducing a Nisei 'Dunker': Sim Togasaki" (p.2), "Chicago Issei Story Committee Nucleus Formed of 7 Past and Current Presidents" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 17 (October 26, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 17 (October 26, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-43)
Selected article titles: "Nisei in Washington and Idaho Facing Their 'Moment of Truth' on Nov. 6" (p.1), "U.S. Supreme Court to Hear Schneider Case Testing I&N Act's Denaturalization Section" (p.1), "California Sued by Issei Widow Charging Alien Land Law Denied Right to Inheritance" (p.1-2), "Alien Land Law Claim Fight" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 25 (December 17, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 25 (December 17, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-51)
Selected article titles: "Labor Red Tape May Keep Immigration Doors Tight" (p.1-2), "Federal Voting Law Supercedes State Literacy Provision" (p.1), "Findings of McCone Commission" (p.1-2), "Shonien Home Sold for $85,000 Fund Reserved for Community Projects" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 24 (June 11, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 24 (June 11, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-24)
Selected article titles: "Passage of Immigration Bill (S 500) Urged by JACL at Senate Hearing" (p.1-3), "History Project: Issei Coal Miners of Carbon County, Utah" (p.1), "Councilman Wing Luke" (p.2), "Voting Rights Amendment May Aid Hawaiians" (p.3), "Role of the Women's Auxilliary" (p.3), "Buddhist Women Attend International Conference in New ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 3 (January 15, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 3 (January 15, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-3)
Selected article titles: "Another Angle Proposed to Eliminate Alien Land Law" (p.1), "Texas Issei Pioneers in Farming Had Little Thought of 'Hiki-Age'" (p.1-2, 4), "Japanese Supplemental Farm Workers Program in California Jeopardized by Latest U.S. Labor Dept. Rule to Remove Braceros" (p.1), "Los Angeles Area Oriental Groups Form Council" (p.3-4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 10 (March 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 10 (March 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-10)
Selected article titles: "1st Civil Rights Bill Passed in State of Utah" (p.1), "Home-Owners near Farm Labor Camp Protest Skid-Row Recruits" (p.1), "Wyoming Governor Signs Act Repealing Miscegenation Law" (p.1), "Immigration Testimony" (p.2), "First California Gray Whale Captured Alive for Sea World by Nisei Commercial Whaler, Considered Top U.S. Sharpshooter" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 13 (March 25, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 13 (March 25, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-13)
Select article titles: "Ike's immigration bill hailed as 'step in right direction'" (p. 1); "JACL Accepts Invitation for White House Conference on Youth" (p.1); "Son of Shinto priest becomes convert of Judaism after lifetime study of Old Testament, assisted Jewish refugees flee Nazi terror" (p.3); "Yoshino, Masaoka named delegates to civil liberties meet ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No. 8 (February 19, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50 No. 8 (February 19, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-8)
Select article titles: "40,000 Japanese Admitted to U.S. in Past Decade" (p.1); "Story of Sansei co-ed 'blackbaited' from college sorority because of ancestry places meaning in JACL youth program" (p.3); "'Cap' Tamura promoted county counsel for Orange County, on staff since 1948" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 5 (July 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 5 (July 29, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-31)
Select article titles: "Hearst editorial supports repeal of alien land law" (p.1); "Canadian Nisei bids for BC legislature" (p.1); "Promotions slow for Oriental workers to supervisory posts, says state expert" (p.3); "Japanese Canadians told 'careful consideration' to immigration problems assured, discuss U.S. Asian-Pacific triangle formula" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 21 (May 20, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-21)
Select article titles: "Nisei attorney alleges racial bias in San Jose suburban housing tract" (p.1); "Canada relaxes rule permitting citizens to import marriage mates" (p.1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 12 (March 18, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 12 (March 18, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-12)
Select article titles: "Eisenhower message highlights meeting of 250 naturalized Issei in Los Angeles" (p.1); "Over 5,000 Japanese Immigrants admitted last year into U.S." (p. 8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 2 (July 21-28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 2 (July 21-28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-27)
Selected article titles: "Close to 500 Participate as PANA Opens" (pp. 1, 5), "House Increases Redress Figure to $50 Million for Fiscal Year 1990" (p. 1), "Heart Mtn. Resisters Speak Out at Forum" (pp. 1-2), and "First Japanese in U.S. Came by Mistake" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 12 (March 31, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 12 (March 31, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-12)
Selected article titles: "Asians Protest Propsed for Employer Knowingly Hiring Illegals" (p.1), "Interviewing Techniques Initial Course for Univ. of Utah Asian Studies Class" (p.1), "Encampment for Citizenship Seeks Asian Applicants" (p.2), "Issei Suicide Pattern Noted in Med Journal" (p.3-4), "Nisei Grower-Shipper Accused in $40 Million Class Action Suit" (p.4)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 7 (February 25, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 7 (February 25, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-7)
Selected article titles: "Illegal Alien Issue Still Seething" (p.1, 6), "Land Justice Dept. Action to Reduce Production of Drugs this Year by 80%" (p.1-3), "Nat'l Asian Confab on Mental Health Set for April 28-29" (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 17 (April 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 17 (April 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-17)
Selected article titles: "'Pointless' Tactics of Concern to Civil Rights Proponents" (p.1-2), "Buddhists Rights Not Affected by Atheist Amendment" (p.1), "Canada to Revise Immigration Policy" (p.1), "Notice to Claimants of Yen Certificates" (p.2), "Carnegie Grant to Japanese History Project Draws Mexican American Comment" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 7 (February 14, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 7 (February 14, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-7)
Selected article titles: "Major Medical Plan Offered to PSW JACLers" (p.1, 3), "House Passes Civil Rights Bill Virtually Intact, 290-130" (p.1-2), "JACL's Job to Impress the Young" (p.1), "JACL to Honor Men for Repealing Neb. Miscegenation Law" (p.1), "Opposition Mounts against Initiative to Kill Fair Housing" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 21 (May 22, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 21 (May 22, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-21)
Selected article titles: "Realtor against Initiative Addresses PSWDC, Explains Cal. Fair Housing" (p.1, 4), "100th Infantry Regains Old Name" (p.1), "Naturalized Issei Permanently Residing in Japan Aided by Rule" (p.1), "Community Affairs Seminar to Be Organized" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 6 (August 7, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 6 (August 7, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-32)
Selected article titles: "Negro Mayor of Richmond to Address NC-WNDC" (p.1), "Clers Get Answers Refuting Charges against Prop. 14" (p.1, 4), "30 pct. Of Eligible Nisei Registered as Voters in San Francisco County" (p.1), "Impact of HR 7700 on Labor Market Said Insignificant" (p.1), "Calif. Eager to Hire Language Class Teachers" (p ...
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