Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (279)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

278 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Racism Within Us" (p. 1), "Alien Farm Labor Issue Confuses Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 4), "Hawaiian 442 Veterans Revisit Europe at 30th Ann'y of Bruyeres Liberation" (p. 1), and "JACL--Sansei Study Tour: Unique Look Through Japan" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 19 (May 16, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 19 (May 16, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-19)
Selected article titles: "An Editorial Up Front: Refugees from Vietnam" (p. 1), "Ushio Calls for Nikkei Support of Viet Refugees" (pp. 1-2), "Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip Visit to Be Lifetime Memories" (pp. 1-2), and "Nikkei Have Historic Commitment to Protect Civil Liberties: Mineta" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 7 (August 15, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 7 (August 15, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-32)
Selected article titles: "Nat'l JACL Facing Deficit of $30,000" (pp. 1-2), "FBI Still Keeps List of Security 'Risks' on File" (pp. 1-2), and "High Influx of Asian Immigrants, Tourists to Stay" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
Selected article titles: "JACL Anti-Defamation Chairman Denounces Hayakawa's Column" (p. 1), "Estimate 40,000 Vietnamese Will Be Living in California by June, 1976" (pp. 1-2), "Enomoto Faces Charge of Reverse Bias as State Affirmative Action Challenge" (p. 1), and "Editorials: Executive Order 9066" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Responds to 'Save the Boat People' Campaign" (p. 1), "In the Last 100 Years: Estimate 905,000 Japanese Emigrated" (p. 1), "Guest Speaker: A 'No-No' Segregee" (pp. 4, 9), and "Nisei in Japan: Yankee Samurai Here and Now" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
Selected article titles: "EO 9066 Proclaimed 40 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Raids to Continue; Ten Aliens Voluntarily Go Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 3: Remembering 9066" (p. 2), and "School Discipline in Tokyo Falling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
Selected article titles: "JACL Urges Retention of 5th Preference in Immigrant Bill" (p. 1), "Names of Former State Workers Eligible for AB 2710 Released" (pp. 1-2), "Noguchi Begins His Defense" (p. 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Nisei Aging Project in Critical Need" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
Special New Year edition. Selected article titles: "Jackson: Japan Must Improve Treatment of Minorities" (pp. 1, 13), "Putting Substance Behind Our Words" (p. 8), "1986 Chronology" (pp. 10-12), and "Joseph Heco and the Joseph Heco Society" (pp. 18, 20-21).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 19 (May 10, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 19 (May 10, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-19)
Select article titles: "Continuation of Japanese Farm Labor Held Likely by Hillings" (p. 1); "San Diegans urge elimination of Fuzz Young Story" (p. 1); "'Golden Reel' prize awarded to Nisei" (p. 1); "Against farm labor program but for higher Japan quota" (p. 1); "Seven months remain for 'illegally admitted' aliens in U.S. to change status ...
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
Selected article titles: "1 Month Left for Planning: More Than 3000 Leave Since First of the Year" (p. 1), "Minors Born in U.S. May Return as U.S. Citizens" (pp. 1-2), and "400 Islanders Slated to Return Home Soon" (p. 2), and "Tuleans Receive Surprise on Way to Seabrook Farms" (p. 3).
Request for verification of landing (ddr-densho-314-32)
doc Request for verification of landing (ddr-densho-314-32)
The back of this form has a stamp for The National Archives stating that this document is from Record Group No. 85. The handwritten note states "Santae Fe, N.M. Internment Capt. File # 1200/B-2330".
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
Selected article titles: "Lane-Hillings Evacuation Claims Bill Unanimously Passed by House" (p. 1), "Asia Reds keep up discrimination tales" (p. 1), "JACL Asks FBI Hunt 'Lincoln Yamamoto'" (p. 1), "Bob Sakata honored Colorado's young farmer of year" (p. 2), "Oregon governor praises Japanese Americans, say 'no group has better earned' right to citizenship at Snake ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 8 (August 22, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 8 (August 22, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-34)
Select article titles: "Crucial issues before conventioners" (p.1); "Japanese press still ignores progress of U.S.-born Nisei" (p.7); "Congress approves bills to aid alien status adjustment in U.S." (p.8) Week of Biennium Conference in Salt Lake City, Utah
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 7 (February 16, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 7 (February 16, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-7)
Select article titles: "Greater participation of Nisei in gov't urged at San Jose JACL installation" (p.1); "Immigration history of U.S. told in brief in forthcoming 'This Week'" (p.1); "South Seattle Farming Areas May Be Boeing's" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 13 (September 24, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 13 (September 24, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-39)
Selected article titles: "Issei-Nisei Success Stories in Midwest-East Recollected" (p.1, 4), "So. Calif. JACLers Implement Civil Rights at Grass-Root Level" (p.1-2), "Senate Passes Immigration Bill 76-18" (p.1), "Senate Immigration Bill" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 24 (December 10, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 24 (December 10, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-50)
Selected article titles: "All Systems 'Go' for Repeal of Washington Land Law"(p.1-2), "Education Key to Freedom, Mrs. Mink says" (p.1), "1965 Immigration Laws" (p.2), "Tall Watch-Tower Overlooking Minidoka WRA Camp Still Standing, says Seattleite after Insepction Trip" (p.3), "'Nisei' Japanese Cherry Trees Planted at Washington Monument Area, Part of 3,800 ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 12 (September 17, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 12 (September 17, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-38)
Selected article titles: "Preliminary Findings of JACL History Project Upset Myths" (p.1-2), "Against the KKK in Bogalusa" (p.1-2), "B'nai B'rith Cites Gains in Civil Rights Laws in States" (p.1), "Senate Immigration Debate" (p.2), "Nisei Democrats Support Proposal for Creating L.A. City Human Relations Dept." (p.3), "Financial, Moral Support ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 8 (August 20, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 8 (August 20, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-34)
Selected article titles: "Los Angeles Riot Heaps Nisei Business with $1 Million Loss" (p.1), "Orange County Nisei Protest Filming of Nisei Traitor Story" (p.1, 3), "Agenda for Youth Delegates Announced" (p.1), "House Immigration Bill" (p.2), "History Project: Issei Innkeepers of Seattle" (p.3, 5), "Nisei Progress in Brazil Recorded" (p.3), "Open ...
An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
av An Oral History with Seiko Ishida (ddr-csujad-29-11)
Retired Kibei teacher recounts samurai parents' background and their immigration to Seattle, Washington; socioeconomic composition of Seattle's Japanese community; earlier teacher training; prewar stays in Japan as a child and as a tutor in a missionary family; experiences as a teacher in the wartime resettlement in New York; and postwar return to Los Angeles. This ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 11 (September 9, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-37)
Select article titles: "JACL accepts Governor's call to attend senior citizens talk" (p.1); "Heartache and hardship immigration cases cited in JCCA brief evoke sympathy from Canada legislators and prime minister" (p.1); "Issei widow nearly deported to Mexico saved by CL plea" (p.3); "Magnuson hits alien land law as undemocratic" (p.8)
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