Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (279)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

278 items
Pacific citizen, Vol. 77, No. 23, (December 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-48)
doc Pacific citizen, Vol. 77, No. 23, (December 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-48)
Select article titles: "U.S. Judge Rules 3-1 Ration for S.F. Police Dept." (p.1); "Calif. Legislature: Reappointment Settled" (p.1); "'Gambare!', Bannai Urges Nisei" (p.1); "Returned Land from U.S. Military in Japan to Be Converted into Parks" (p.5); "Geologist Says Japan Emerged from North Coast" (p.6).
Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
doc Masuji and Kaneko Katano (ddr-csujad-8-27)
Oral history interview with Masuji and Kaneko Katano. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Katano, Masuji and Kaneko
Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
doc Harry Nomura (ddr-csujad-8-54)
Oral history interview with Harry Nomura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Nomura, Harry
Masataro and Kiri Kubo (ddr-csujad-8-30)
doc Masataro and Kiri Kubo (ddr-csujad-8-30)
Oral history interview with Masataro and kiri Kubo. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Kubo, Masataro and Kiri
Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
doc Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
Oral history interview with Takano Okajima. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okajima, Takano
Mr. and Mrs. Minoru Masumoto (ddr-csujad-8-36)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Minoru Masumoto (ddr-csujad-8-36)
Oral history interview with Minoru Masumoto. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Masumoto, Mr and Mrs Minoru
Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
doc Hisashi Hayakawa (ddr-csujad-8-21)
Oral history interview with Hisashi Hayakawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hayakawa, Hisashi
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 11 (March 23, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 11 (March 23, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-11)
Select article titles: "An Address from JACL-LEC Legislative Strategy Chair"(p.1);"Asian Pacific Municipal Officials Caucus Holds Workshop on Black/Asian Relations"(p.1);"Sakura Grove Dedicated as Memorial to Walerga Assembly Center"(p.2); "70% Increase in Asian/Pacific People from 1980 to 1988 Due to Immigration"(p.3); "San Francisco's Boy Scout ...
Letter from Toshio Tamaoi [?] to Mrs. Seiichi Okine, December 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-254)
doc Letter from Toshio Tamaoi [?] to Mrs. Seiichi Okine, December 1947 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-254)
A letter from Toshio Tamaoi in Itsukaichi, Hiroshima, Japan to his uncle, Seiichi Okine. The letter is mailed by Kenjiro Okine. In the letter, he thanks Seiichi for the gifts and laments about the high inflation in post-war Japan. He also asks about Kimie Tanimoto who recently left for the U.S. and includes updates on ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
"House Committee Hears Masaoka's Plea" (p. 1), "Backs Quota for Asiatics" (p. 1) "Files Answer in Land Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
"Naturalization Rights for Parents of All War Vets Urged by Legion" (p. 1), "ADC Asks Data On Work Bias" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 13 (February 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-84)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 13 (February 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-84)
"H.R. Passes Bill to Liquidate Enemy Property. 250-Million Worth of Assets Once Belonging to Japanese, Germans Affected by Measure" (pg. 1), "Treason Trial Against Nisei in L.A. Delayed to May 11" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
"Unions Reject Alaska Industrial Offer" (p. 1), "B.C. Students Ask Citizenship for Japanese, Indians" (p. 1), "Yoshida Urges U.S. to Stay in Japan to Insure Peace" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
"Japan-Born Youth Awarded U.S. Rights so He May Join Father, a Citizen in L.A." (p. 1), "Anti-Red Unit Favors Rights for Japanese" (p. 1), "Winnipeg Meet Will Consider JCCA Program" (p. 4), "JACL to Place Plaque on Ship Honoring Nisei" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
"Report from Washington: Work, Accomplishments of ADC in Legislative, Educational Horizons in U.S. Presented" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 6),
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