Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (226)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

226 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 8 (February 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 8 (February 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-8)
Selected article titles: "'Reagan's Raids': People or Numbers" (pp. 1, 8), "JACL Now Preparing for 3-Year Redress Campaign" (pp. 1, 10), "East Wind: Issei Principles" (p. 5), and "Moshi-Moshi: Samrai Without Mystique--Kabu" (p. 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 13 (September 24, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 13 (September 24, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-38)
Selected article titles: "House Judiciary Committee Votes to Retain 5th Preference" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadians to Seek Redress for WW2 Relocation" (pp. 1-2), "Former Nisei Queen Responds to Rift Over 'Mixed Ancestry'" (p. 3), and "Alaskan and Japan Cities Make 'Sister Port' Pact Official" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 2 (January 15, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 2 (January 15, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-2)
Selected article titles: "New Alien Law Eliminates Annual Address Reporting" (p. 1), "The Other Internees of World War II" (pp. 2-3), "Peter Imamura: Separate but Equal" (p. 3), and "Chapter Report: JACL in Japan Keeps Rolling" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
Selected article titles: "Immigration Raids Alarm Little Tokyo" (pp. 1, 12), "FDR 'Tapes' Tell More Than a Few Racial Slurs" (pp. 1, 7), "60th Anniversary Installation: Why the JACL Endures" (p. 7), and "The Major Supreme Court Error of WW2: Evacuation Cases" (p. 9).
Gidra, Vol. I, No. 4 (July 1969) (ddr-densho-297-4)
doc Gidra, Vol. I, No. 4 (July 1969) (ddr-densho-297-4)
Selected article titles: "Experimental College Starts" (p. 1), "Yellow Brotherhood Food for Thought" (p. 1), "Blind Reflections?" (p. 2), "The Misunderstanding in Chinatown" (p. 4).
Green Card (ddr-densho-325-53)
doc Green Card (ddr-densho-325-53)
The Green Card for Shitsuko Nimura, Hisa Nimura Horiuchi's mother.
Alien Registration Receipt Card (ddr-densho-325-52)
doc Alien Registration Receipt Card (ddr-densho-325-52)
Alien Registration Receipt Card for Shitsuko Nimura, Hisa Nimura Horiuchi's mother.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 2 (July 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 2 (July 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-26)
Selected article titles: "Angry Words Fly Over J-Town Housing: (p.1), "AMA Conference Tables Move to Aid Hibakusha" (p.1), "Asians Criticize Census Test Site" (p.1), "Hearing Off on Retirement Credit Bill" (p.2), "Law Denying College Aid to Aliens Invalidated" (p.3), "Nisei Marriages Evolving" (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
Selected article titles: "Census Bureau Plans to Drop 'Asian/Pac Island' Category" (p.1), "UC Davis Winning War of Briefs in Bakke Case" (p.1), "EXECOM Looks at Reparations" (p.1-2, 4), "E-1 Visa Student Privilege in Other States Encouraged" (p.2), "Tacoma Reunion-One Man's View" (p.3, 7), "Japanese Christian Mission Centennial in U ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court: Rights of Alien to Be Police Argued, Other Major Cases on Aliens Still Pending" (p.1), "Seattle JACLer in Prominent Role at National Women's Conference" (p.1), "Carter Team Lashed for Shunning the Nikkei" (p.1, 9), "Reparations? No!" (p.4), "Evacuees from Peru" (p.5), "Calif. Agriculture and the ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 1 (July 1, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 1 (July 1, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-25)
Selected article titles: "JACL Joins 20 Other Nat'l Groups in Case Against Bakke" (p.1-2), "'Nondeportable' Status Likely to Relieve Longtime 'Illegals'" (p.1-2), "Gov. Ray Signs E-1 Visa Alien Tuition Law" (p.1-2), "The Pride at Seabrook" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 1 (July 1, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 1 (July 1, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-27)
Select article titles: "League plans definitive Issei history" (p.1); "Visiting novelist from Japan compares 'children of setting sun' with U.S. beatniks" (p.6); "78-year-old Issei among few survivors of first shipload of Japanese to Hawaii" (p.7); "'Japanese go home' incidents reported by Nisei newspaperman in wake of Eisenhower's visit to Japan being ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 10 (September 2, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 10 (September 2, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-36)
Select article titles: "Japanese in Hawaii celebrate 75th anniv. Of 1st emigration; recall roll of Ben Franklin's descendant in Japan in 1860-70s" (p.1); "Washington State Congressional Group Endorses Repeal Anti-Alien Land Law" (p. 6)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 14 (October 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 14 (October 5, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-40)
Selected article titles: "Legislators Understood Discriminatory Language of Law Barring Orientals Suffrage Rights, Job Now with Voters" (p.1, 4), "Idaho SJR 1: Questions and Answers" (p.1, 4), "For Equality for Naturalized Citizens" (p.1-2), "Issei Virtues Extoled in Okura Tribute: (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No.1 (July 6, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-27)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Walter Announces Policy Study on Immigration" (p.1, 4), "'Popularity' of Honolulu's Japanese Community Leadership Regarded as Grim Political Factor in Inouye's Senate Race" (p.1, 3), "History Project Support Hits Minimum Goal, Now $109,000" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 24, (June 22, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 24, (June 22, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-24)
Select article titles: "New Look in JACL Greets Officials Attending National Interim Session" (p.1); "Asian American Actors Win Case Against N.Y. Repertory Theater" (p.1); "San Francisco Asian Action Group Urges JACL Return Gerontology Fund" (p.1); "Nisei Knocks Mineta Elk Boycott" (p.3); "Rep. Mink Urges Emphasis on Asian Studies" (p.3); "Facts ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 4 (January 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 4 (January 24, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-4)
Selected article titles: "History Project Calls for Issei List, Documents" (p.1-2), "U.S. Immigration Policy Free of Racial Quotas Sought" (p.1), "Injunction to Halt Fair Housing Act Initiative to Repeal Denied in Court" (p.1, 3), "Immigration Policy and JACL" (p.2), "Puyallup Contributes $100 to Housing Fight" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
Select article titles: "Draft Resisters React Favorably to Resolution"(p.1);"Redress Eligibility Process for WWII Nisei Servicemen Explained"(p.1);"Recent Immigrants Strain Chinatown's Resources"(p.2); "L.A. Unified School District Dedicates Its First Japanese American Named School"(p.3); "Resolution 13: To Heal the Community's Wartime Wounds"(p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 5 (February 4, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 5 (February 4, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-5)
Select article titles: "Success Story: Japanese American Style" (p.1); "Sixth AJA killed in Vietnam, with helicopter team" (p.1); "Henry Kasai, 75, dies of Natural causes in Salt Lake Hospital" (p.1);"Appreciation banquet to three elders of Seattle community draws 300 Issei" (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 05, (August 3, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 05, (August 3, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-30)
Select article titles: "If Constitution Can Be Amended Issei Might Be U.S. President" (p.1); "Sen. Inouye Will Talk to Himself in Hawaiian" (p.1); "Ruth Asawa's Wire Sculptures Draw Raves at San Francisco Museum of Art" (p.3); "Nat'l CACA Convenes in L.A." (p.4); "Low-key Minority Hiring Practices in State ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 10, (September 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 10, (September 7, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-35)
Select article titles:"Opposition to So. Korea Govt. Seen Taking Hold" (p.1); "EXECOM at Detroit Open Board sessions Voted" (p.1); "NIMH Funds Asian American Drug Abuse Program on County-wide Basis" (p.1); "Citizenship and the Alien" (p.2); "You Are Out of Order, Mr. Wilson" (p.3); "United Japanese Community Services Operating on United ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
Selected article titles: "President Signs Immigration Act Repealing Asian Quotas" (p.1, 3), "CREA Lauded by Commissioner Gordon for Effortts to Fight Housing Discrimination" (p.1), "Final Evacuation Claim Approved by U.S. Court of Claims" (p.1), "PNWDC Prepping for Third Try at Land Law Repeal" (p.1, 4), "History Project: "Contributions of Pacific Northwest ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 10 (September 3, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 10 (September 3, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-36)
Selected article titles: "Senate Tightens Immigrations Bill, All Racial Quotas Removed" (p.1-2), "Earl Finch, Godfather of 442d, Heart Attack Victim at Age 49" (p.1, 5), "President's Corner: Civil Rights and the JACL" (p.1), "House Immigration Debate" (p.2), "Sponsors Deny Nisei Cast in Bad Light on 'FBI' Teleplay" (p.3), "Seattle Wonders ...
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