Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (192)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

192 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 11 (March 14, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 11 (March 14, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-11)
Select article titles: "Five records bettered in JACL pinfest" (p.1); "Naturalization classes resumed to aid Japanese wives of ex-GIs" (p.8); "Documentary film on 1942 evacuation under production" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 7 (Febuary 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 7 (Febuary 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-7)
Selected article titles: "Bill implementing Ike's message on immigration ups Japan quota: 563" (p. 1), "House Judiciary considering Lane-Hillings claim bill" (p. 1), "Publication of Letter Arouses Nisei Protest to Newsweek" (p. 1), "JACL telegram defends Nisei loyalty to U.S. in reply to magazine letter" (p. 1), "Colorado community boasts of 100% in naturalization ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 14 (April 1, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 14 (April 1, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-14)
Select article titles: "Yokohama student selected as JACL Scout for Jamboree" (p.1); "Gov't invitation for naturalized citizens goes nation-wide" (p.1); "Call in Nisei toxicologist when arsenic found in coffee drunk by Seattle workers" (p.2);
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
Select article titles: "Why leadership of Japanese community at time of Evacuation fell upon JACL" (p. A1); "Order of Evacuation Brings on One of America's Greatest Swindles" (p. A3); "The Closing of Manzanar" (p. B1); "Worthy Partners for Building Peace" (p. Supplement 1); "Immigration, Evacuation Claims, Civil Rights" (p. B17).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 16 (October 14, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 16 (October 14, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-41)
Select article titles: "Civil rights fight nothing new to Nisei" (p. 1); "3,261 Japanese Immigrants" (p. 3); "Canadian waves Yellow Peril flag" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
Selected article titles: "Chavez Hurls Threat at Nisei Farm League" (p.1, 5), "Yen Claims Bill: Questions Raised, Answers Furnished" (p.1), "Immigrants Changing New York" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: Understand the Japanese?" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 03, (July 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 03, (July 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-28)
Select article titles: "State Alien Job Laws Voided" (p.1); "Inouye Avoiding Lure of TV Showmanship" (p.1); "Nat'l JACL Produces Kit for Chapters to Push Local Area History Workshops" (p.1); "'Guilty by Reason of Race' Reactions from Japan" (p.3).
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
Selected article titles: "1 Month Left for Planning: More Than 3000 Leave Since First of the Year" (p. 1), "Minors Born in U.S. May Return as U.S. Citizens" (pp. 1-2), and "400 Islanders Slated to Return Home Soon" (p. 2), and "Tuleans Receive Surprise on Way to Seabrook Farms" (p. 3).
Request for verification of landing (ddr-densho-314-32)
doc Request for verification of landing (ddr-densho-314-32)
The back of this form has a stamp for The National Archives stating that this document is from Record Group No. 85. The handwritten note states "Santae Fe, N.M. Internment Capt. File # 1200/B-2330".
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 7 (August 15, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 7 (August 15, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-32)
Selected article titles: "Nat'l JACL Facing Deficit of $30,000" (pp. 1-2), "FBI Still Keeps List of Security 'Risks' on File" (pp. 1-2), and "High Influx of Asian Immigrants, Tourists to Stay" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 19 (May 16, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 19 (May 16, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-19)
Selected article titles: "An Editorial Up Front: Refugees from Vietnam" (p. 1), "Ushio Calls for Nikkei Support of Viet Refugees" (pp. 1-2), "Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip Visit to Be Lifetime Memories" (pp. 1-2), and "Nikkei Have Historic Commitment to Protect Civil Liberties: Mineta" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Responds to 'Save the Boat People' Campaign" (p. 1), "In the Last 100 Years: Estimate 905,000 Japanese Emigrated" (p. 1), "Guest Speaker: A 'No-No' Segregee" (pp. 4, 9), and "Nisei in Japan: Yankee Samurai Here and Now" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Racism Within Us" (p. 1), "Alien Farm Labor Issue Confuses Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 4), "Hawaiian 442 Veterans Revisit Europe at 30th Ann'y of Bruyeres Liberation" (p. 1), and "JACL--Sansei Study Tour: Unique Look Through Japan" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
Selected article titles: "EO 9066 Proclaimed 40 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Raids to Continue; Ten Aliens Voluntarily Go Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 3: Remembering 9066" (p. 2), and "School Discipline in Tokyo Falling" (p. 5).
API