Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (192)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

192 items
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 46 (November 16, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-98)
Selected article titles: "1 Month Left for Planning: More Than 3000 Leave Since First of the Year" (p. 1), "Minors Born in U.S. May Return as U.S. Citizens" (pp. 1-2), and "400 Islanders Slated to Return Home Soon" (p. 2), and "Tuleans Receive Surprise on Way to Seabrook Farms" (p. 3).
Request for verification of landing (ddr-densho-314-32)
doc Request for verification of landing (ddr-densho-314-32)
The back of this form has a stamp for The National Archives stating that this document is from Record Group No. 85. The handwritten note states "Santae Fe, N.M. Internment Capt. File # 1200/B-2330".
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 7 (August 15, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 7 (August 15, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-32)
Selected article titles: "Nat'l JACL Facing Deficit of $30,000" (pp. 1-2), "FBI Still Keeps List of Security 'Risks' on File" (pp. 1-2), and "High Influx of Asian Immigrants, Tourists to Stay" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 19 (May 16, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 19 (May 16, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-19)
Selected article titles: "An Editorial Up Front: Refugees from Vietnam" (p. 1), "Ushio Calls for Nikkei Support of Viet Refugees" (pp. 1-2), "Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip Visit to Be Lifetime Memories" (pp. 1-2), and "Nikkei Have Historic Commitment to Protect Civil Liberties: Mineta" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2053 (July 27, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-29)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Responds to 'Save the Boat People' Campaign" (p. 1), "In the Last 100 Years: Estimate 905,000 Japanese Emigrated" (p. 1), "Guest Speaker: A 'No-No' Segregee" (pp. 4, 9), and "Nisei in Japan: Yankee Samurai Here and Now" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Racism Within Us" (p. 1), "Alien Farm Labor Issue Confuses Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 4), "Hawaiian 442 Veterans Revisit Europe at 30th Ann'y of Bruyeres Liberation" (p. 1), and "JACL--Sansei Study Tour: Unique Look Through Japan" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 7 (February 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-7)
Selected article titles: "EO 9066 Proclaimed 40 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Raids to Continue; Ten Aliens Voluntarily Go Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 3: Remembering 9066" (p. 2), and "School Discipline in Tokyo Falling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 12 (September 17, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-37)
Selected article titles: "JACL Urges Retention of 5th Preference in Immigrant Bill" (p. 1), "Names of Former State Workers Eligible for AB 2710 Released" (pp. 1-2), "Noguchi Begins His Defense" (p. 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Nisei Aging Project in Critical Need" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 19 (May 10, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 19 (May 10, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-19)
Select article titles: "Continuation of Japanese Farm Labor Held Likely by Hillings" (p. 1); "San Diegans urge elimination of Fuzz Young Story" (p. 1); "'Golden Reel' prize awarded to Nisei" (p. 1); "Against farm labor program but for higher Japan quota" (p. 1); "Seven months remain for 'illegally admitted' aliens in U.S. to change status ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 68, No. 21 (May 23, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 68, No. 21 (May 23, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-21)
Select article titles: "JACL firms commemoration of Centennial" (p. 1); " Racist strategy charged in Noguchi hearing" (p. 1); "JACL to Honor Nisei War Dead of Three Wars in May 25 Service" (p. 1); "San Francisco supervisory board adopts Title II repeal resolution" (p. 3)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 1 (January 2-9, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-1)
Special New Year edition. Selected article titles: "Jackson: Japan Must Improve Treatment of Minorities" (pp. 1, 13), "Putting Substance Behind Our Words" (p. 8), "1986 Chronology" (pp. 10-12), and "Joseph Heco and the Joseph Heco Society" (pp. 18, 20-21).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 4 (January 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-4)
Selected article titles: "JACL Anti-Defamation Chairman Denounces Hayakawa's Column" (p. 1), "Estimate 40,000 Vietnamese Will Be Living in California by June, 1976" (pp. 1-2), "Enomoto Faces Charge of Reverse Bias as State Affirmative Action Challenge" (p. 1), and "Editorials: Executive Order 9066" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 61 (July 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-228)
"130 Strandees Ask Re-Entry, JCCA Reports" (p. 1), "Justice Department Unit Aide Outlines How Its L.A. Office Will Process the Claims" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 42 (May 15, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-110)
"Community to Pay Respects to Northwest Nisei GI Dead at First Methodist, June 26" (p. 1), "Registration Measure Goes Before House" (p. 1), "Senate Sends Citizenship Bill Back to House for Rider Action" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
"Finch Starts Drive to Aid Hawaii GI's" (p. 1),"Urges Improvement of "Blighted' Areas" (p. 1), "L.A. Council Hits Land Law Section" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
"Franchise for B.C. Japanese Urged in Wismer Amendment" (p. 1), "Cites Hardships Due to Ruling" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for March 26 to Salute 7 Nisei War Dead; Services to be in Bukkyo-Kai" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 39 (May 5, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-107)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 39 (May 5, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-107)
"Two Earn Degrees at University; Pacific College Honors 4 Nisei" (p. 1), "Ishikawa Points Out Disabilities Facing "Ineligible' Peoples" (p. 5), "House Subcommittee Convenes in Executive Meet to Weigh Riders to Immigration Bills" (p. 6).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 75 (October 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-62)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 75 (October 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-62)
"Two Seek Citizenship Restoration Under Judge Cavanaugh's Ruling" (p. 1), "Jackson Street District Reports 156 Per Cent of Quota in 1947 Drive" (p. 1), "B.C. Official Protest Race Restrictions" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 18 (March 11, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-5)
"Maine Solon Gives Support to JACL Plan" (p. 1), "House Body Sifts Immigration Ruling" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 4 (January 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-3)
"Sees Complications in Return of Nisei Stranded in Japan" (p. 1), "Anti-Bias Group Eyes Removal of Race Restrictions" (p. 1), "Aliens Now May Apply for Business" (p. 1).
API