Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (226)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

226 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 26 (December 23-30, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-51)
Select article titles: "Why leadership of Japanese community at time of Evacuation fell upon JACL" (p. A1); "Order of Evacuation Brings on One of America's Greatest Swindles" (p. A3); "The Closing of Manzanar" (p. B1); "Worthy Partners for Building Peace" (p. Supplement 1); "Immigration, Evacuation Claims, Civil Rights" (p. B17).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 16 (October 14, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 16 (October 14, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-41)
Select article titles: "Civil rights fight nothing new to Nisei" (p. 1); "3,261 Japanese Immigrants" (p. 3); "Canadian waves Yellow Peril flag" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 03, (July 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 03, (July 20, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-28)
Select article titles: "State Alien Job Laws Voided" (p.1); "Inouye Avoiding Lure of TV Showmanship" (p.1); "Nat'l JACL Produces Kit for Chapters to Push Local Area History Workshops" (p.1); "'Guilty by Reason of Race' Reactions from Japan" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 14 (April 1, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 14 (April 1, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-14)
Select article titles: "Yokohama student selected as JACL Scout for Jamboree" (p.1); "Gov't invitation for naturalized citizens goes nation-wide" (p.1); "Call in Nisei toxicologist when arsenic found in coffee drunk by Seattle workers" (p.2);
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 22 (May 28, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 22 (May 28, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-22)
Selected article titles: "History Project: Nisei Homesteads near Heart Mountain" (p.1), "Calif. FEPC Budget Slashed, Housing Program in Danger" (p.1), "Author Michener says 'Hawaii Way Ahead' in Civil Rights Fight, Might Return to Isles" (p.1), "Immigration Bill Timetable" (p.2), "Utah Opens Own Rights Commission" (p.3), "'Myakawa Rd.' in Houston Linked to ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 23 (June 4, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 23 (June 4, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-23)
Selected article titles: "Top JACL Scholarship Raised to $400" (p.1-2), "JACL Interim Youth Council Set June 26-27 at Salt Lake City" (p.1, 4), "Senate Voting Rights Bill" (p.2), "State Supreme Court to Rule on Prop. 14" (p.3), "Amassador Grew Endorsed JACL during War Years, Aided Issei Naturalization Program as Eloquent Witness before ...
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 19 (March 14, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-6)
"Alaska Cannery Contract Talks Start" (p. 1), "House Unit Halts Bills Preventing Alien Deportation" (p. 1), "Army Seeks More Nisei GI's to Aid Occupation of Japan" (p. 1), "Republican Majority Votes to Kill State FEPC Bill" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 32 (April 29, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-18)
"House Committee Hears Masaoka's Plea" (p. 1), "Backs Quota for Asiatics" (p. 1) "Files Answer in Land Case" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 90 (October 30, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-152)
"Naturalization Rights for Parents of All War Vets Urged by Legion" (p. 1), "ADC Asks Data On Work Bias" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 13 (February 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-84)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 13 (February 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-84)
"H.R. Passes Bill to Liquidate Enemy Property. 250-Million Worth of Assets Once Belonging to Japanese, Germans Affected by Measure" (pg. 1), "Treason Trial Against Nisei in L.A. Delayed to May 11" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 21 (March 21, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-8)
"Unions Reject Alaska Industrial Offer" (p. 1), "B.C. Students Ask Citizenship for Japanese, Indians" (p. 1), "Yoshida Urges U.S. to Stay in Japan to Insure Peace" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 21 (March 3, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-92)
"Japan-Born Youth Awarded U.S. Rights so He May Join Father, a Citizen in L.A." (p. 1), "Anti-Red Unit Favors Rights for Japanese" (p. 1), "Winnipeg Meet Will Consider JCCA Program" (p. 4), "JACL to Place Plaque on Ship Honoring Nisei" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
"Report from Washington: Work, Accomplishments of ADC in Legislative, Educational Horizons in U.S. Presented" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 6),
Pacific Citizen, Vol 68, No. 7 (February 14, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol 68, No. 7 (February 14, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-7)
Select article titles: "Immigration centennial plans for fall revealed" (p. 1); "Matsunaga focuses on S.F. State issue" (p. 1); "Japan and President Nixon" (p. 2); "JACL To Support Human Rights Body For Utah" (p. 4); "PSWDC civil rights workshop hears views of two 'involved' Sansei youth" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
Selected article titles: "Omission of Asians 'Glaring Oversight' on U.S. List Designating 'Minorities'" (pp. 1-2, 11), "First Friday Feature: Angel Island Immigration Station Dedicated" (p. 3), "Japan Today: May 4-10 Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week" (p. 6), and "West Coast Nisei Farmers in 1942, if Given a Free Choice, Wanted to Remain" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 17 (October 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 17 (October 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-43)
Selected article titles: "Problems Facing Farmers Dependent upon 'Braceros' Detailed, Many Seem Resigned Program Will Continue for a Year More" (pp. 1-2), "Washington Newsletter: Civil Rights Battle" (p. 2), and "U.S. Gov't Will Pay for Property Claims Rising Out of Bombing on Pearl Harbor" (p. 3).
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