Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (226)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

226 items
Alien Registration Receipt Card (ddr-densho-325-51)
doc Alien Registration Receipt Card (ddr-densho-325-51)
The Alien Registration Receipt Card for Junichi Nimura, Hisa Nimura Horiuchi's father.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 22 (May 30, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 22 (May 30, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-22)
Select article titles: "Sansei gunmen trail date set" (p. 1); "Nisei wins write-in election for California school post" (p.1); "Dr. Nishikawa to be keynote Confab speaker" (p. 1); "Nisei drowns trying to rescue youngster" (p. 3); "Over 6,000 immigrants from Japan admitted during 1957" (p. 8) Starting in No. 13, the volume number in ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 17 (April 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 46, No. 17 (April 25, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-17)
Select article titles: "Sansei slain, innocent victim of teenage gang skirmish" (p.1); "ADC booster in Hawaii helps 1,200 Issei achieve U.S. citizenship" (p.8) Starting in No. 13, the volume number in the header changes from 46 to 26. This printing error is not corrected for the rest of the volume.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 8 (March 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 8 (March 3, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-8)
Selected article titles: "Patsy Tells Seattle Nisei Why She's Running for U.S. President" (p.1, 6), "University Becoming a Modern Dinosaur" (p.3), "Canada's Version of Evacuation" (p.3), "Backlash Seen in Editorials Evoked by 'Exec. Order 9066' Book-Photo Display" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 12 (September 21, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 12 (September 21, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-38)
Selected article titles: "Hart Immigration Bill" (p.1-2), "Washington Repeal Campaign on SJR 21 Moves into High" (p.1-2), "1889 Land Law 'Lies about Like a Loaded Weapon'" (p.1), "Japanese American Community Leaders First to Be Summoned in New Series of Conferences with Seattle Mayor in New Hall" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 5 (July 31, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 5 (July 31, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-31)
Selected article titles: "Kido's 36-Year Leadership in JACL Commemorated" (p.1, 4), "Naturalized Citizen Wife of Serviceman in Hawaii Denied Voter Registration" (p.1), "Defeat of Prop. 14 Principle Agenda Item for NC-WNDC" (p.1), "Nisei Teacher Pilots Training Class Among Youngsters in N.Y.'s Harlem" (p.1), "Immigration Legislation" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-52)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-52)
Selected article titles: "For Equality In and Under the Law" (p.A1, A3), "Immigration: Abolish Quota System over Five-Year Period" (p.A5-A6), "Japanese Resent Stigma of 1924 Exclusion Act" (p.A8, A10), "Dr. Steve Abe: Psychologist Compares Nisei-Sansei Teenage Relationship" (p.B3-B5, B23), "The Enemy at Guadlcanal" (p.B6, B10, B18), "The Road through the Pasture ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 16 (October 15, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 16 (October 15, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-42)
Selected article titles: "L.A. Mexicans Deny Anti-Negro Feelings High" (p.1), "History Project: Yakima Indian Lands Farmed by Issei" (p.1-2), "Against the KKK in Bogalusa" (p.1-2), "New Immigration Law" (p.2), "Peace Corps Allays Fear and Prejudice in Ghana" (p.3), "Less Pressures on Sansei Attributed to Their Decline" (p.4), "Youth Welfare-Delinquency ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 21 (May 21, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 21 (May 21, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-21)
Selected article titles: "JACLers across Nation to Honor Nisei War Dead" (p.1), "JACL Favors Administration's Changes to Immigration Law" (p.1-2), "Seattle Councilman Wing Luke Missing on Plane Flight" (p.1), "FDR Jr. to Chair New Post in EEOC to Rid Job Bias" (p.1-2), "Immigration Bill Activity" (p.2), "Civil Rights Compared to ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 14 (October 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 14 (October 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-40)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Civil Rights Agencies Target of Streamlining" (p.1), "Sen. Kuchel Praises Nisei in California during Debate on Immigration Bill, Enters JACL Letter in Congressional Record(p.1, 5), "Week-Long Debate in Senate Deletes Racism in Immigration" (p.1, 3), "200 Naturalized Issei Celebrate Decade of Citizenship at Downtwon L.A. JACL ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 2 (January 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-2)
Selected article titles: "Prop. 14 Upheld in First Test at Orange County" (p.1), "President Johnson Outlines His Thoughts of Great Society" (p.1-2), "California Braceros No More-Growers Uncertain about Future" (p.1), "San Francisco Main Port for Issei Emigres" (p.3), "Preparation Needed to Cope with Japanese Visitors to Hawaii" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 22 (November 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 22 (November 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-48)
Selected article titles: "Hospital Money Plan Endorsed by Chicago JACL for Members; Enrollment Period Underway, Seek 250 Acceptable Applications" (p.1), "Hawaii GI Vote Issue Placed before U.S. Supreme Court" (p.1), "Warn against Racial Stereotypes in Books" (p.1), "Prop. 14 Called Part of Nation-Wide Plan to Roll Back Social Progress of Past Years ...
Notification of appointment date (ddr-densho-278-9)
doc Notification of appointment date (ddr-densho-278-9)
Appointment notice for Henry Watanabe to return to the United States from Japan.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 26 (June 30, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 52, No. 26 (June 30, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-26)
Selected article titles: "$300,000 Grant for History Asked, Outlook Encouraging" (p. 1), "Prime Minister Ikeda Cements Japanese-American Friendship in Washington Visit" (pp. 1-2), "'Command Decision': Evacuation, Part 5" (p. 1), and "Japanese Wives of Akron GIs Meet at International Institute, All Anxious to Learn More English and Become Americanized" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2074 (December 21-28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-50)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2074 (December 21-28, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-50)
Special holiday issue. Selected article titles: "School Teacher Recalls Minidoka" (p. 26), "In Defense of JACL's Founding Membership Principle: Citizenship" (pp. 47-48), "Nikkei Impressions of Nikkei America After a Long Absence" (pp. 49, 92), and "Growing up in Postwar Japan" (pp. 54, 94).
API