Immigration and citizenship

Japanese immigrants began arriving in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century when workers were recruited to meet the growing need for low-wage laborers in the Territory of Hawaii and on the West Coast. Commodore Perry had opened Japan to American commerce and trade relations in 1853, but anti-Asian sentiment resulted in the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1907, which halted the immigration of workers from Japan. In 1910, the Japanese population was about 80,000 in Hawaii and 72,000 on the continental United States. Japanese women continued to enter the country until the 1924 Immigration Act cut off immigration from Japan to the United States. Most of the early Japanese immigrants, the Issei (first generation), came as contract agricultural laborers, although many others were students and merchants. While Japanese immigrants were prohibited by discriminatory laws from becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, their American-born children (nisei) held U.S. citizenship.

Immigration and citizenship (280)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Immigration, Japanese associations

279 items
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 43 (October 26, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-93)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 43 (October 26, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-93)
Selected article titles: "Those Seeking Changes in Forms Must Write" (p. 1), "Minidoka Camp Closes 9 Days Ahead of Schedule" (p. 1), "General Stilwell's Action Commended by Secy. Ickes" (p. 2), and "3 Govt. Departments: Remove or Modify Rules for Employment of Nisei" (p. 4).
Gidra, Vol. I, No. 5 (August 1969) (ddr-densho-297-5)
doc Gidra, Vol. I, No. 5 (August 1969) (ddr-densho-297-5)
Selected article titles: "CINCIP Is Here!!" (p. 1), "The Burden of Life" (p. 1), "Hey, Look Me Over" (p. 5), "The Chinese in Los Angeles" (p. 6), "The Korean Americans" (p. 8), "The Filipino Immigrant" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 9 (August 27, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 9 (August 27, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-34)
Selected article titles: "SF Civil Rights Groups File Suit Against INS for 'Raids'" (pp. 1-2), "Senate Immigration Bill Was Opposed by Civil Rights Groups" (pp. 1, 12), "Ye Editor's Desk: When Mike Spoke Up" (pp. 4, 6), and "Behind the War Clouds: A Story of Unsung Valor and Devotion" (pp. 8-9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 17 (November 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 17 (November 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-42)
Selected article titles: "Coalition Calls for Ethnic Studies Course" (p. 1), "13,639 Names to Be Included: Memorial Honoring Nikkei WW2 Vets, MIS Proposed" (p. 1), "Immigration Control and Reform Act: Mineta, Matsui, Irked by Report" (p. 1), and "Over 175 Attend JACL-Sponsored Redress Workshop" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 21 (November 24, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 21 (November 24, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-47)
Selected article titles: "42 Restaurants Along Hwy. 40 Ends Race Bias" (pp. 1, 3), "150 Fresno Area Issei Honored by JACL, Hear Yoshimura Report on 'Issei Story'" (p. 1), "'How Much Nipponese Culture Should We Teach Children?' Revives Memories of Roaring '20 Days of Yesler Way Hall" (p. 3), and "Adopted Children from Japan Picking Up ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 17 (October 25, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 17 (October 25, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-42)
Selected article titles: "Personal Profiles in Brief: Governor Ariyoshi" (pp. 1, 6), "3,000 'GI Babies' to Be Stateless" (p. 1), "Nikkei--A Term That Japanese All Understand" (p. 2), and "Status of Aliens in JACL" (pp. 2, 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 19 (November 8, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 19 (November 8, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-44)
Selected article titles: "Illegal Alien a Nat'l Crisis, Saxbe Declares" (p. 1), "Ramsey Clark Views Evacuation" (p. 1), "East Wind: Asian American Attitudes" (p. 2), and "Rep. Ed Derwinski: U.S. Favors Japan Over Common Mkt." (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 25 (June 28, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 25 (June 28, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-25)
Selected article titles: "An Editorial Up Front: Age Discrimination" (p. 1), "2,000 Textbooks Okayed Despite Ethnic Protests" (p. 1), "S.F. Area Asian Americans Face Job Bias, Major Study Reveals" (pp. 1, 3), and "Supreme Court to Review U.S. Ban on Hiring Aliens" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 84 (October 21, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-250)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 84 (October 21, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-250)
"McCarran Subversive Bill Hits Hard at Anyone Linked with Red Units" (p. 1), "Nisei Yanks Mistaken for Foe, ADC Says" (p. 1), ""Pix' Taken by F. Schmoe to be Shown" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 41 (May 12, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-109)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 41 (May 12, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-109)
"Paint the Town Clean" (p. 1), "JACL-ADC Hails U.S. Decision on Restrictive Covenants" (p. 1), "Ruling on Eisler Case to Affect U.S. Aliens Facing Deportation" (p. 1), "Final Word on "Citizens' Due July 29" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 40 (May 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-108)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 40 (May 8, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-108)
"Senate Unit Favors Bills with Riders" (p. 1), "26 Nisei GI Dead Due Home" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 5 (January 17, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-266)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 5 (January 17, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-266)
"G.I. Brides Act Priority, Masaoka Says" (p. 1), "210 Claims Adjudicated during 1950, Justice Department Reports to ADC" (p. 1), "Takagi Re-Elected JACL President" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 33 (April 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-200)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 33 (April 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-200)
"Jackson St. Picks Fujii Man of Year" (p. 1), "Race Relations Institute to Sift New FEPC Measure April 29 and 30" (p. 1), "Extend Deadline" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 102 (December 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-163)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 102 (December 11, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-163)
"Nisei Seeks U.S. Rights, Files Suit" (p. 1), "Last Rites for Sgt. John Hashimoto Will be on Saturday, Dec. 18" (p. 1), "JACL Will Distribute Claims Forms Dec. 17" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 105 (December 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-166)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 105 (December 22, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-166)
"Miller to Present Equality Bill" (p. 1), "Basketball Fans Await Start of Second All-Oriental Joust Opening on Thursday, Dec. 23" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 50 (July 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-37)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 50 (July 18, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-37)
"Invite 11 Nations to Begin Talks for Early Japanese Peace Pact" (p. 1), "Probe Shoyu Sold on Shelves of Local Stores" (p. 1), "Truman Signs Thurn Bill" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 37 (May 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-25)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 37 (May 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-25)
"4700 Japanese in Area" (p. 1), "Permit Naturalization of Kin of War Heroes, Solon Asks" (p. 1) "What Claims Board Bill Says" (p. 2) "Nisei Pugilists Score Hit With Aloha Garb in Scotland" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 27 (April 11,1947) (ddr-densho-229-13)
"Presidio School Graduates 28, Smallest in History of MISLS" (p. 1), "MP's Return from Easter Holidays, Ponder Canada's Omnibus Bill" (p. 1) "Vets Open Tavern on Jackson St." (p. 1).
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