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            "title": "Roger Daniels Interview",
            "description": "Caucasian male. Born December 1, 1927, in New York City, New York. Charles Phelps Taft Professor Emeritus of History, University of Cincinnati. Served as a consultant to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians from 1981 to 1983. Has researched and written numerous books about the Japanese American experience, including Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II and American Concentration Camps: A Documentary History of the Relocation and Incarceration of Japanese Americans, 1941-1945.

(This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1012", "extent": "01:33:15", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2015-01-05 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-01T12:27:46", "location": "San Francisco, California", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-droger-02", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "17", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1012-17" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1012", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1012" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Roger Daniels", "role": "narrator", "id": "166" } ], "contributor": "Steven Okazaki Collection", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1012", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-droger-02]", "creation": "November 18, 1983", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1012", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1012-17", "narrator_id": "166", "record_created": "2016-11-01T12:27:46" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-122-25", "model": "entity", "index": "1 51/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-122-25/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-122-25/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-122/denshovh-droger-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-122/denshovh-droger-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Roger Daniels Interview", "description": "Caucasian male. Born December 1, 1927, in New York City, New York. Charles Phelps Taft Professor Emeritus of History, University of Cincinnati. Served as a consultant to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians from 1981 to 1983. Has researched and written numerous books about the Japanese American experience, including Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II and American Concentration Camps: A Documentary History of the Relocation and Incarceration of Japanese Americans, 1941-1945.

(This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the resistance movement itself.)", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-122", "extent": "00:37:11", "credit": "Courtesy of Frank Abe", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2005-07-20 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-01T11:23:33", "location": "Heart Mountain, Wyoming", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-droger-01", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "25", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-122-25" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "122", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-122" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Roger Daniels", "role": "narrator", "id": "166" }, { "namepart": "Frank Abe", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Frank Chin", "role": "interviewer" } ], "contributor": "Frank Abe Collection", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-122", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-droger-01]", "creation": "May 20, 1995", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-122", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-122-25", "narrator_id": "166", "record_created": "2016-11-01T11:23:33" }, { "id": "ddr-njpa-1-1438", "model": "entity", "index": "2 52/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-njpa-1-1438/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-njpa-1-1438/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-njpa-1/ddr-njpa-1-1438-mezzanine-ef751388e5-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-njpa-1/ddr-njpa-1-1438-mezzanine-ef751388e5-a.jpg" }, "title": "Manuel L. Quezon riding in a parade car", "description": "Caption on reverse: \"500,000 marchers demonstrate America's fighting spirit in nation's greatest parade. The United States of American flung down its gauntlet to the Axis with a grim, fighting 'New York at War' parade which outstripped any spectacle that famous city of spectacles has ever staged. It was a gigantic procession in which a cross section of the military and industrial might of the entire nation was shown as evidence of the all-out solidarity of America, 1942. Some 500,000 persons marched in solid ranks for 10 hours before crowds which totaled at least 5,000,000. President Manuel Quezon (hat in hand) of the Philippine Commonwealth, salutes some of the millions of spectators who saw the gigantic war parade pass along New York City's Fifth Avenue.\"", "rights": "pcc", "organization_id": "ddr-njpa", "links_parent": "ddr-njpa-1", "extent": "4.5W x 6.25H", "credit": "Courtesy of the Hawai'i Times Photo Archives Foundation", "format": "img", "digitize_date": "4/10/2003", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "sort": 1, "location": "New York, New York", "genre": "photograph", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Unknown", "signature_id": "ddr-njpa-1-1438-mezzanine-ef751388e5", "digitize_organization": "Hawai'i Times Photo Archives Foundation", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "1438", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-njpa-1-1438" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-njpa-1" } ], "persons": [ "Quezon, Manuel Luis" ], "contributor": "Hawai'i Times Photo Archives Foundation", "collection_id": "ddr-njpa-1", "alternate_id": "G489.002", "creation": "25-Apr-05", "parent_id": "ddr-njpa-1", "record_lastmod": "2014-05-29T13:55:13", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-njpa-1-1438", "record_created": "2014-05-29T13:55:13" }, { "id": "ddr-njpa-2-388", "model": "entity", "index": "3 53/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-njpa-2-388/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-njpa-2-388/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-njpa-2/ddr-njpa-2-388-mezzanine-4e766cc5a1-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-njpa-2/ddr-njpa-2-388-mezzanine-4e766cc5a1-a.jpg" }, "title": "Miss Hawaii pageant winner and two runners up", "description": "Caption on reverse: \"MISS HAWAII AND RUNNERS-UP: Miss Claire Heen, chosen Miss Hawaii of 1951 at the Miss Hawaii pageant at the 49th State Fair last night, is shown at center. Miss Gloria Kanemura (left) and Miss Joan Scott were runners-up in that order. All three are leaving Sunday by United Airlines for New York City and Washington, D.C., to attend the premiere showings of MGM's 'Go For Broke.' Miss Heen will also go to the Miss America pageant at Atlantic City, to be held in September, to represent Hawaii.--(Hawaii Times photo by Don Nagano).\"", "rights": "pcc", "organization_id": "ddr-njpa", "links_parent": "ddr-njpa-2", "extent": "4.75W x 7H", "credit": "Courtesy of the Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "format": "img", "digitize_date": "8/17/2004", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "sort": 1, "location": "Honolulu, Hawai'i", "genre": "photograph", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Unknown", "signature_id": "ddr-njpa-2-388-mezzanine-4e766cc5a1", "digitize_organization": "Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "388", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-njpa-2-388" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "2", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-njpa-2" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Nagano, Don", "role": "photographer" }, { "namepart": "Hawaii Times", "role": "publisher" } ], "persons": [ "Kanemura, Gloria", "Heen, Claire", "Scott, Joan" ], "contributor": "Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "collection_id": "ddr-njpa-2", "alternate_id": "GH241.002", "creation": "1951", "parent_id": "ddr-njpa-2", "record_lastmod": "2014-05-30T09:37:26", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-njpa-2-388", "record_created": "2014-05-30T09:37:25" }, { "id": "ddr-pc-40-11", "model": "entity", "index": "4 54/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-pc-40-11/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-pc-40-11/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-pc-40/ddr-pc-40-11-mezzanine-1469f0af54-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-pc-40/ddr-pc-40-11-mezzanine-1469f0af54-a.jpg" }, "title": "Pacific Citizen, Vol. 66, No. 11 (March 15, 1968)", "description": "Selected article titles: \"Wartime Record Cited by Japan U.N. Envoy. New York JACLers Told Heroism Aided in U.S.-Japan Amity\" (p. 1), \"Hal Kim, Lois Yut top bowlers in JACL Nationals hosted by Seattle\" (p. 1), \"Rights program for NC-WN chapters being proposed\" (p. 1), \"Dayton JACL 'Operation Pink Petal' helps city win cleanest town trophy\" (p. 1), \"Civil Rights Bill Clears Senate\" (p. 2), \"Oriental studies sought for L.A. city high schools\" (p. 3), \"IDYC queen contest rules included essay: Role of JACL in Society Today\" (p. 4).", "rights": "cc", "organization_id": "ddr-pc", "links_parent": "ddr-pc-40", "extent": "15W x 22.5H", "credit": "Courtesy of the Pacific Citizen", "format": "doc", "genre": "periodical", "sort": 1, "location": "Los Angeles, California", "topics": [ { "term": "Community activities: Associations and organizations: The Japanese American Citizens League", "id": "20" }, { "term": "Journalism and media: Community publications: Pacific Citizen", "id": "389" }, { "term": "Community activities: Sports: Bowling", "id": "316" }, { "term": "Activism and involvement: Civil rights", "id": "234" }, { "term": "Community activities: Sports: Judo", "id": "323" } ], "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Coon, Caitlin Oiye", "signature_id": "ddr-pc-40-11-mezzanine-1469f0af54", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "11", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-pc-40-11" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "40", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-pc-40" } ], "topics_id": [ "20", "389", "316", "234", "323" ], "digitize_date": "5/4/2016", "creators": [ { "namepart": "Japanese American Citizens League", "role": "publisher" } ], "persons": [ "Enotomo, Jerry", "Kim, Hal", "Yut, Lois", "Satow, Masao", "Miyasaki, Donna", "Nikaido, Roger", "Oyama, Joe", "Kajikawa, Bill", "Hosokawa, Bill", "Amemiya, Yuriko", "Hotta, Yosh", "Kumamoto, Alan", "Matsui, Jeffrey", "Baba, Susan", "Yamashita, Nancy", "Henry, Jim", "Gima, Richard", "Noguchi, Thomas", "Hohri, William", "Miura, David", "Taketa, Tom", "Kunitsugu, Kats" ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-pc-40", "creation": "March 15, 1968", "parent_id": "ddr-pc-40", "record_lastmod": "2017-02-24T15:09:45", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-pc-40-11", "record_created": "2017-02-24T15:46:11" }, { "id": "ddr-pc-15-20", "model": "entity", "index": "5 55/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-pc-15-20/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-pc-15-20/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-pc-15/ddr-pc-15-20-mezzanine-332a2b447d-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-pc-15/ddr-pc-15-20-mezzanine-332a2b447d-a.jpg" }, "title": "The Pacific Citizen, Vol. 16 No. 20 (May 20, 1943)", "description": "Selected article titles: \"Supreme Court Upholds Nisei Citizenship\" (p. 1), \"WRA Centers Recognized As Mistake, Says Myer; Relocation to be Speeded\" (p. 1), \"Nisei Soldier is Reported War Prisoner of Japanese\" (p. 1), \"No Race is 'Unassimilable' Says Vancouver Columnist\" (p. 2), \"Conference on Resettlement Convened in New York City\" (p. 3), \"Hawaii's Nisei May Volunteer Again for Army\" (p. 6), \"If a 'Jap's a Jap,' Then an American is an American\" (p. 6), \"Eleanor Roosevelt Opposes Reprisals Against Evacuees\" (p. 7), \"Senator Chandler Charges Manzanar Situation 'Bad'\" (p. 7), \"Voluntary Evacuees Are Offered Property Aid By War Relocation Authority\" (p. 8).", "organization_id": "ddr-pc", "links_parent": "ddr-pc-15", "extent": "Pacific Citizen", "credit": "Courtesy of the Pacific Citizen", "format": "doc", "digitize_date": "12/17/2010", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "sort": 1, "location": "Salt Lake City, Utah", "genre": "periodical", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Unknown", "signature_id": "ddr-pc-15-20-mezzanine-332a2b447d", "digitize_organization": "Pacific Citizen", "rights_statement": "When using materials from the Pacific Citizen Newspaper – Pre 1996 under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, the Pacific Citizen requests two copies of the derivative works be sent to them.", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "20", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-pc-15-20" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "15", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-pc-15" } ], "rights": "cc", "creators": [ { "namepart": "The Japanese American Citizens League", "role": "publisher" } ], "contributor": "Pacific Citizen", "collection_id": "ddr-pc-15", "alternate_id": "PCN_19430520", "creation": "May 20, 1943", "parent_id": "ddr-pc-15", "record_lastmod": "2015-08-18T14:29:46", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-pc-15-20", "record_created": "2014-10-10T13:19:26" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-114-145", "model": "entity", "index": "6 56/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-114-145/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-114-145/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-114/ddr-densho-114-145-mezzanine-e921b894aa-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-114/ddr-densho-114-145-mezzanine-e921b894aa-a.jpg" }, "title": "Nisei defense attorney in war crimes trial", "description": "Original caption: Nisei defense attorney for Tojo, one of the major war criminals to be tried before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, War Ministry Bldg., Tokyo, Japan, is George Yamaoka, a civil service employee, who stands at the addressing stand. Mr. Yamaoka, who lives in N.Y. City, was attached to the Japanese delegation, London Naval Conference, 1929-1930, and is counsel to leading Japanese business and banking firms in New York. Also he is legal advisor to government agencies. 9/3/46.", "rights": "pcc", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-114", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshopd-i114-00145]", "format": "img", "genre": "photograph", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "location": "Tokyo, Japan", "sort": 1, "topics": [ { "term": "Military service: Postwar occupation of Japan", "id": "199" } ], "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Unknown", "credit": "Courtesy of the Seattle Nisei Veterans Committee and the U.S. Army", "signature_id": "ddr-densho-114-145-mezzanine-e921b894aa", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "topics_id": [ "199" ], "digitize_date": "2014-01-16T09:41:33", "persons": [ "Yamaoka, George" ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-114", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "145", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-114-145" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "114", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-114" } ], "creation": "September 3, 1946", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-114", "record_lastmod": "2015-12-18T09:15:11", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-114-145", "record_created": "2014-01-15T18:03:51" }, { "id": "ddr-pc-15-48", "model": "entity", "index": "7 57/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-pc-15-48/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-pc-15-48/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-pc-15/ddr-pc-15-48-mezzanine-f865288a6e-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-pc-15/ddr-pc-15-48-mezzanine-f865288a6e-a.jpg" }, "title": "The Pacific Citizen, Vol. 17 No. 23 (December 11, 1943)", "description": "Selected article titles: \"Military 'Fluke' Gave Army's Japanese American Battalion Chance to Fight on Italy Front\" (p. 1), \"Report Rivers Evacuee Shot By Army Sentry. Refused to Answer Challenge of Soldier, Says WRA Official\" (p. 1), \"Japanese American Woman, Wife of Chinese, Receives Permission to Return Home. Reported First Nisei To Win Right to Reenter Seattle Region\" (p. 3), \"The Evacuation Test Case: Coast Federal Appeals Court Upholds Legality of Military Order in Korematsu Case\" (p. 5), \"Dillon Myer Expresses WRA Hope of Relocating 70,000 Eligible Evacuees in 1944. Relocation Director Singles Out Hearst Papers For Inflammatory Articles on Japanese Americans Story of Tule Lake Affair Told in New York City\" (p. 8).", "organization_id": "ddr-pc", "links_parent": "ddr-pc-15", "extent": "Pacific Citizen", "credit": "Courtesy of the Pacific Citizen", "format": "doc", "digitize_date": "12/17/2010", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "sort": 1, "location": "Salt Lake City, Utah", "genre": "periodical", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Unknown", "signature_id": "ddr-pc-15-48-mezzanine-f865288a6e", "digitize_organization": "Pacific Citizen", "rights_statement": "When using materials from the Pacific Citizen Newspaper – Pre 1996 under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, the Pacific Citizen requests two copies of the derivative works be sent to them.", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "48", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-pc-15-48" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "15", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-pc-15" } ], "rights": "cc", "creators": [ { "namepart": "The Japanese American Citizens League", "role": "publisher" } ], "contributor": "Pacific Citizen", "collection_id": "ddr-pc-15", "alternate_id": "PCN_19431211", "creation": "December 11, 1943", "parent_id": "ddr-pc-15", "record_lastmod": "2015-08-18T14:40:45", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-pc-15-48", "record_created": "2014-10-16T13:17:25" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1014-12", "model": "entity", "index": "8 58/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1014-12/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1014-12/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1014/denshovh-ypearl-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1014/denshovh-ypearl-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Pearl Yoshikawa Interview", "description": "Nisei female. Born April 25, 1926, in Vancouver, Washington. Grew up in Vancouver where parents ran a farm. During World War II, removed to the Portland Assembly Center, Oregon, and the Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. After leaving camp, moved to New York City to attend a fashion design school. Eventually resettled in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

(This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.)", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1014", "extent": "01:10:29", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2011-12-22 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-01T12:28:24", "location": "Minneapolis, Minnesota", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-ypearl-01", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "12", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1014-12" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1014", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1014" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Pearl Yoshikawa", "role": "narrator", "id": "559" }, { "namepart": "Carolyn Nayematsu", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Bill Kubota", "role": "videographer" } ], "contributor": "Twin Cities JACL Collection", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1014", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-ypearl-01]", "creation": "October 12, 2009", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1014", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1014-12", "narrator_id": "559", "record_created": "2016-11-01T12:28:24" }, { "id": "411", "model": "narrator", "index": "9 59/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/narrators/411/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/411/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/kyuri.jpg", "thumb": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/kyuri.jpg", "interviews": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/411/interviews/" }, "display_name": "Yuri Kochiyama", "bio": "Nisei female. Born May 19, 1921, in San Pedro, California. During World War II, incarcerated in the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, and the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas. After leaving camp, lived and worked in Mississippi before marrying and moving to the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. Became involved in a number of political causes during the Civil Rights Movement. Eventually met Malcolm X, and became a follower of his internationalist concept of human rights and nationalism based on self-determination and self-reliance.", "middle_name": "", "has_published": "1", "birth_location": "San Pedro, California", "d_date": "2014-05-01T00:00:00", "ethnicity": "Japanese", "modified": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "created": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "gender": "F", "b_date": "1921-05-19T00:00:00", "generation": "Nisei", "last_name": "Kochiyama", "nr_id": "", "religion": "", "nationality": "US", "notes": "", "first_name": "Yuri", "nickname": "" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1000-257", "model": "entity", "index": "10 60/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-257/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-257/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-kyuri-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-kyuri-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Yuri Kochiyama Interview", "description": "Nisei female. Born May 19, 1921, in San Pedro, California. During World War II, incarcerated in the Santa Anita Assembly Center, California, and the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas. After leaving camp, lived and worked in Mississippi before marrying and moving to the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. Became involved in a number of political causes during the Civil Rights Movement. Eventually met Malcolm X, and became a follower of his internationalist concept of human rights and nationalism based on self-determination and self-reliance. Yuri Kochiyama passed away on June 1, 2014.", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1000", "extent": "02:50:20", "credit": "Courtesy of Densho", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2009-10-07 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-02T15:57:53", "location": "Oakland, California", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-kyuri-01", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "257", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1000-257" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1000", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1000" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Yuri Kochiyama", "role": "narrator", "id": "411" }, { "namepart": "Megan Asaka", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Dana Hoshide", "role": "videographer" } ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-kyuri-01]", "creation": "July 21, 2009", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-257", "narrator_id": "411", "record_created": "2016-11-02T15:58:17" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-156-392", "model": "entity", "index": "11 61/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-156-392/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-156-392/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-156/ddr-densho-156-392-mezzanine-b07792ccc9-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-156/ddr-densho-156-392-mezzanine-b07792ccc9-a.jpg" }, "title": "Information Digest No. 32", "description": "Section titles: \"Senate Committee to Investigate\"; \"Outline Evacuee Property Policies\"; \"Chicago Employment Conference\"; \"Smart Completes Study\"; \"To Meet with Reports Officers\"; \"WRA Meetings on Construction Continue\"; \"Spanish Consuls Visit Centers\"; \"Industrial Equipment Available\"; \"Ade's Trip Productive\"; \"Employment to Take Over Student Leave\"; \"Ration Boards to be Set Up\"; \"Personnel Division Adds to Staff\"; \"Bates in Washington\"; \"Employment Pamphlet\"; \"Reports Handbook\"; \"New York Co-op Office\"; \"Personnel Changes in Community Management\"; \"Personnel Changes in Agricultural Division\"; \"Cooperative Enterprises\"; \"Business Volume of Community Enterprises\"; \"Stauber Visiting Crystal City Camp\"; \"Return from Arkansas\"; \"Weekly Project Reports\"; \"December Project Reports\"; \"'Squelch-the-Rumor' Committee Formed\"; \"From the Nation's Press\"; \"Hawaiian Evacuees Arrive\"; \"Announcement\"; \"Congressional Investigation\"; \"Granada School Construction\"; \"Jerome Smeared\"; \"Whitaker Denies Charges of 'Coddling' Evacuees\"; Other Reports in the Nation's Press.\"", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-156", "extent": "2368W x 3108H (pixels)", "credit": "Courtesy of the Bigelow Family Collection", "format": "doc", "genre": "misc_document", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "sort": 1, "topics": [ { "term": "World War II: Concentration camps: Facilities, services, and camp administration", "id": "69" } ], "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Hoshide, Dana", "signature_id": "ddr-densho-156-392-mezzanine-b07792ccc9", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "392", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-156-392" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "156", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-156" } ], "topics_id": [ "69" ], "digitize_date": "2014-03-14T02:35:30", "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-156", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshopd-p156-00392]", "creation": "January 16, 1943", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-156", "record_lastmod": "2015-03-24T10:56:04", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-156-392", "record_created": "2014-03-12T23:25:34" }, { "id": "135", "model": "narrator", "index": "12 62/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/narrators/135/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/135/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/sroger.jpg", "thumb": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/sroger.jpg", "interviews": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/135/interviews/" }, "display_name": "Roger Shimomura", "bio": "Roger Shimomura's paintings, prints, and theater pieces address sociopolitical issues of Asian America. The inspiration for many of his works are the diaries kept by his late immigrant grandmother for fifty-six years. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Washington in Seattle, and his graduate degree from Syracuse University, New York. Shimomura has had more than 100 solo exhibitions of his paintings and prints, and has presented his experimental theater pieces at such venues as the Franklin Furnace, New York; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; and the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. He is the recipient of four National Endowment for the Arts Fellowships in painting and performance art, a McKnight Fellowship, and a Civil Liberties Public Education Fund Fellowship. He was the first artist to be awarded an international Japan Foundation Grant, as well as the first in the state to receive the Kansas Arts Commission Artist Fellowship in Painting. In fall 1990, Shimomura was appointed the Dayton Hudson Distinguished Visiting Professor at Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota. Professor Shimomura has lectured on his work at more than 160 universities and art museums across the United States. In 1994 he was designated a University Distinguished Professor on the University of Kansas faculty, the first so honored in the history of the School of Fine Arts at that campus. In 1998, he received the Higuchi Research Prize, the highest annual honor bestowed on a Kansas University faculty member in the Humanities and Social Sciences. In 1999, the Seattle Urban League named a scholarship for him that is awarded annually to a Seattle resident pursuing a career in art. The College Art Association presented him with the Artist Award for Most Distinguished Body of Work for 2001, in recognition of his four-year, twelve-museum national tour of the painting exhibition An American Diary. Shimomura's personal papers are being collected by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. He is represented by Jeffrey Hoffeld & Company, Inc., New York; Jan Cicero Gallery, Chicago; Jan Weiner Gallery, Kansas City; Bernice Steinbaum Gallery, Miami; and Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle.", "middle_name": "", "has_published": "1", "birth_location": "Seattle, Washington", "d_date": null, "ethnicity": "Japanese", "modified": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "created": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "gender": "M", "b_date": "1939-06-26T00:00:00", "generation": "Sansei", "last_name": "Shimomura", "nr_id": "", "religion": "", "nationality": "US", "notes": "", "first_name": "Roger", "nickname": "" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1000-142", "model": "entity", "index": "13 63/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-142/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-142/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-sroger-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-sroger-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Roger Shimomura Interview", "description": "Roger Shimomura's paintings, prints, and theater pieces address sociopolitical issues of Asian America. The inspiration for many of his works are the diaries kept by his late immigrant grandmother for fifty-six years. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Washington in Seattle, and his graduate degree from Syracuse University, New York.

Shimomura has had more than 100 solo exhibitions of his paintings and prints, and has presented his experimental theater pieces at such venues as the Franklin Furnace, New York; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; and the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. He is the recipient of four National Endowment for the Arts Fellowships in painting and performance art, a McKnight Fellowship, and a Civil Liberties Public Education Fund Fellowship. He was the first artist to be awarded an international Japan Foundation Grant, as well as the first in the state to receive the Kansas Arts Commission Artist Fellowship in Painting.

In fall 1990, Shimomura was appointed the Dayton Hudson Distinguished Visiting Professor at Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota. Professor Shimomura has lectured on his work at more than 160 universities and art museums across the United States. In 1994 he was designated a University Distinguished Professor on the University of Kansas faculty, the first so honored in the history of the School of Fine Arts at that campus. In 1998, he received the Higuchi Research Prize, the highest annual honor bestowed on a Kansas University faculty member in the Humanities and Social Sciences. In 1999, the Seattle Urban League named a scholarship for him that is awarded annually to a Seattle resident pursuing a career in art. The College Art Association presented him with the Artist Award for Most Distinguished Body of Work for 2001, in recognition of his four-year, twelve-museum national tour of the painting exhibition An American Diary.

Shimomura's personal papers are being collected by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. He is represented by Jeffrey Hoffeld & Company, Inc., New York; Jan Cicero Gallery, Chicago; Jan Weiner Gallery, Kansas City; Bernice Steinbaum Gallery, Miami; and Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle.", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1000", "extent": "06:44:32", "credit": "Courtesy of Densho", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2004-07-06 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-02T15:57:54", "location": "Seattle, Washington", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-sroger-01", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "142", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1000-142" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1000", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1000" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Roger Shimomura", "role": "narrator", "id": "135" }, { "namepart": "Alice Ito", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Mayumi Tsutakawa", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Dana Hoshide", "role": "videographer" } ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-sroger-01]", "creation": "March 18 & 20, 2003", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-142", "narrator_id": "135", "record_created": "2016-11-02T15:57:52" }, { "id": "ddr-njpa-4-809", "model": "entity", "index": "14 64/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-njpa-4-809/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-njpa-4-809/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-njpa-4/ddr-njpa-4-809-master-b504256950-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-njpa-4/ddr-njpa-4-809-master-b504256950-a.jpg" }, "title": "Japanese Boy Scout leader with Honolulu Boy Scout leaders", "description": "Caption on reverse: \"JAPAN SCOUT LEADER VISITS HERE: Eagle Scout Arthur K. Goto of Honolulu's Explorer Post 82 is shown wishing Count Yorihiro Matsudaira, president of the Boy Scouts Council of Kagawa prefecture, Japan, godspeed as he left aboard a Pan American plane for Tokyo following a two-day visit in Honolulu a week ago last Saturday, as Andy Groenink, deputy scout executive of the Honolulu Boy Scouts Council and Eagle Scout Richard Y. Mitsunaga of Troop 10, Honolulu, look on. Count Matsudaira was enroute home from an extended visit in the United States during which he was a leader of the delegation of 22 Japanese Boy Scouts to the National Jamboree of the Boy Scouts of America held at the Irvine Ranch in southern California in July and later spent a month at the Schiff Scout reservation in New Jersey attending the national training school for scout executives. He also visited the national office of the Boys Scouts of America in New York City where he was entertained by Arthur A. Schuck, chief scout executive.--(Masao Miyamoto photo).\"", "rights": "pcc", "organization_id": "ddr-njpa", "links_parent": "ddr-njpa-4", "extent": "2W x 1.75H", "credit": "Courtesy of the Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "format": "img", "digitize_date": "10/14/1998", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "sort": 1, "location": "Honolulu, Hawai'i", "genre": "photograph", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Unknown", "signature_id": "ddr-njpa-4-809-master-b504256950", "digitize_organization": "Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "809", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-njpa-4-809" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "4", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-njpa-4" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Miyamoto, Masao", "role": "photographer" } ], "persons": [ "Groenink, Andy", "Matsudaira, Yorihiro", "Goto, Arthur K.", "Mitsunaga, Richard Y." ], "contributor": "Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "collection_id": "ddr-njpa-4", "alternate_id": "J1093.001", "creation": "c. 1940s-1950s", "parent_id": "ddr-njpa-4", "record_lastmod": "2014-05-30T15:52:32", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-njpa-4-809", "record_created": "2014-05-30T15:52:32" }, { "id": "ddr-njpa-4-931", "model": "entity", "index": "15 65/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-njpa-4-931/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-njpa-4-931/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-njpa-4/ddr-njpa-4-931-master-b6f25dcf4f-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-njpa-4/ddr-njpa-4-931-master-b6f25dcf4f-a.jpg" }, "title": "Article regarding Takeo Miki", "description": "Article: \"Progressive Party Leader Of Japan Here. Takeo Miki, chief secretary of the Progressive Party (Kaishinto) of Japan, and Mrs. Miki are visiting in Honolulu today enroute back to Japan after a two months' world tour. They arrived here last night from San Francisco at 10 by plane, and are scheduled to depart for Tokyo tonight at 10:30 by Pan American clipper. Miki said the purpose of his trip was to survey postwar reconstruction conditions in Europe and the Near East and meet major political leaders in various countries to get their views on the world situation. Leaving Japan on Sept. 5 with his wife, he visited India, Egypt and Europe, and arrived in the United States on Oct. 20, spending most of his time in New York City and Washington, D. C. Miki recalled today that he first visited Hawaii as a member of the Meiji university debating team which toured the world. He spent two weeks here at that time, and has many friends in the Islands. He is a former member of the Japanese cabinet, having been appointed minister of communications at the age of 39.\"", "rights": "pcc", "organization_id": "ddr-njpa", "links_parent": "ddr-njpa-4", "extent": "2W x 5.5H", "credit": "Courtesy of the Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "format": "doc", "digitize_date": "10/28/1998", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "sort": 1, "genre": "clipping", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Unknown", "signature_id": "ddr-njpa-4-931-master-b6f25dcf4f", "digitize_organization": "Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "931", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-njpa-4-931" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "4", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-njpa-4" } ], "persons": [ "Miki, Takeo" ], "contributor": "Hawaii Times Photo Archives Foundation", "collection_id": "ddr-njpa-4", "alternate_id": "J1153.002", "creation": "12-Nov-53", "parent_id": "ddr-njpa-4", "record_lastmod": "2014-05-30T16:25:28", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-njpa-4-931", "record_created": "2014-05-30T16:25:28" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1000-137-7", "model": "segment", "index": "16 66/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-137-7/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-137-7/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-ymitsuye-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-ymitsuye-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Mitsuye May Yamada Interview Segment 7", "description": "Moving to New York City: \"a liberating experience\"

Mitsuye Yamada was interviewed together with her two surviving brothers, William Toshio Yasutake and Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. She was interviewed individually on October 9-10, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.

The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. 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William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.

The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. 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Born 1932 in Seattle, Washington. Father employed by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service as interpreter for twenty years, until separated from family on December 7, 1941 and interned as an enemy alien. Removed from Seattle with mother, sister and two brothers in 1942. Attended school (fifth through sixth grades) while incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho, and U.S. Department of Justice internment camp at Crystal City, TX. Reunited with father, Jack Kaichiro Yasutake, who was transferred from the U.S. Department of Justice internment camp in Lordsburg, NM to Crystal City, TX camp in 1944. After release from Crystal City camp, moved with parents to Cincinnati, OH. Moved with parents to Chicago, Illinois where father served as Executive Director of the Chicago Resettlers Committee. After high school graduation, attended Lawrence College in Wisconsin. Graduated from University of Illinois. Commissioned as lieutenant, U.S. Army, 1954, assigned to artillery and served in Germany. Returned to U.S. in 1956, discharged from the army. Married, had three sons. Late wife died in 1984. Was remarried in 1988 and has one stepdaughter. Received M.A., New York University. Moved to Ohio, employed by U.S. Air Force as psychologist. Received Ph.D. in Industrial Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus OH. Moved to Denver, CO. Retired in 1986 from the U.S. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory. Moved to California, employed by Lockheed. Serves in a volunteer capacity with community organizations, including as president of the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and speaks at schools to educate students about the experiences of Japanese Americans and loss of constitutional rights during World War II. Also serves as chair of the San Jose Japantown Preservation Committee.", "middle_name": "Y.", "has_published": "1", "birth_location": "Seattle, Washington", "d_date": null, "ethnicity": "Japanese", "modified": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "created": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "gender": "M", "b_date": "1932-01-01T00:00:00", "generation": "Nisei", "last_name": "Yasutake", "nr_id": "", "religion": "", "nationality": "US", "notes": "group", "first_name": "Joe", "nickname": "" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1000-161", "model": "entity", "index": "19 69/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-161/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-161/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-jpramila-02-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-jpramila-02-a.jpg" }, "title": "Pramila Jayapal Interview II", "description": "Born September 21, 1965 in Madras, India. Attended the Jakarta International School in Indonesia before moving to the United States to attend college at Georgetown University. Worked as an investment banker in New York City as well as in the management development program for Physio-Control.

Currently, Pramila is the founder and Executive Director of Hate Free Zone Washington. An activist and writer, Pramila has been actively involved in international and domestic social justice issues for over 12 years, working across Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as domestically with immigrant and refugee communities in Washington state. She speaks frequently at universities and community events on issues of gender, globalization, development and community. She serves on several boards including Chaya, a non-profit organization serving South Asian women in crisis; the Institute of Current World Affairs; and Hedgebrook Women Writers Retreat. Pramila has a Masters in Business Administration from Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management, and a B.A. from Georgetown University in English and Economics. She is also the author of Pilgrimage to India: A Woman Revisits Her Homeland (Seal Press, 2000).

Pramila and HFZ Campaign have received several awards and recognitions for its work, including the City of Seattle's 2002 Civil Rights Award, the Washington Bar Association's Access to Justice Community Leadership Award, the Japanese American Citizens League Leadership Award, the Northwest Asian Weekly Foundation's Community Leaders Award, a leadership award from Congressman Jim McDermott, and the Ecumenical Leadership Award from the Washington Association of Churches. In January 2004, Pramila was named one of the top ten Puget Sound regional leaders by the Seattle Times Editorial Board.", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1000", "extent": "01:39:06", "credit": "Courtesy of Densho", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2004-06-16 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-02T15:57:53", "location": "Seattle, Washington", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-jpramila-02", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "161", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1000-161" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1000", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1000" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Pramila Jayapal", "role": "narrator", "id": "173" }, { "namepart": "Alice Ito", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Dana Hoshide", "role": "videographer" } ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-jpramila-02]", "creation": "June 1, 2004", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-161", "narrator_id": "173", "record_created": "2016-11-02T15:58:17" }, { "id": "173", "model": "narrator", "index": "20 70/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/narrators/173/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/173/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/jpramila.jpg", "thumb": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/jpramila.jpg", "interviews": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/173/interviews/" }, "display_name": "Pramila Jayapal", "bio": "Born September 21, 1965 in Madras, India. Attended the Jakarta International School in Indonesia before moving to the United States to attend college at Georgetown University. Worked as an investment banker in New York City as well as in the management development program for Physio-Control. Currently, Pramila is the founder and Executive Director of Hate Free Zone Washington. An activist and writer, Pramila has been actively involved in international and domestic social justice issues for over 12 years, working across Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as domestically with immigrant and refugee communities in Washington state. She speaks frequently at universities and community events on issues of gender, globalization, development and community. She serves on several boards including Chaya, a non-profit organization serving South Asian women in crisis; the Institute of Current World Affairs; and Hedgebrook Women Writers Retreat. Pramila has a Masters in Business Administration from Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management, and a B.A. from Georgetown University in English and Economics. She is also the author of Pilgrimage to India: A Woman Revisits Her Homeland (Seal Press, 2000). Pramila and HFZ Campaign have received several awards and recognitions for its work, including the City of Seattle's 2002 Civil Rights Award, the Washington Bar Association's Access to Justice Community Leadership Award, the Japanese American Citizens League Leadership Award, the Northwest Asian Weekly Foundation's Community Leaders Award, a leadership award from Congressman Jim McDermott, and the Ecumenical Leadership Award from the Washington Association of Churches. In January 2004, Pramila was named one of the top ten Puget Sound regional leaders by the Seattle Times Editorial Board.", "middle_name": "", "has_published": "1", "birth_location": "Madras, India", "d_date": null, "ethnicity": "", "modified": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "created": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "gender": "F", "b_date": "1965-09-21T00:00:00", "generation": "", "last_name": "Jayapal", "nr_id": "", "religion": "", "nationality": "", "notes": "", "first_name": "Pramila", "nickname": "" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1000-156", "model": "entity", "index": "21 71/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-156/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-156/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-jpramila-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-jpramila-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Pramila Jayapal Interview I", "description": "Born September 21, 1965 in Madras, India. Attended the Jakarta International School in Indonesia before moving to the United States to attend college at Georgetown University. Worked as an investment banker in New York City as well as in the management development program for Physio-Control.

Currently, Pramila is the founder and Executive Director of Hate Free Zone Washington. An activist and writer, Pramila has been actively involved in international and domestic social justice issues for over 12 years, working across Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as domestically with immigrant and refugee communities in Washington state. She speaks frequently at universities and community events on issues of gender, globalization, development and community. She serves on several boards including Chaya, a non-profit organization serving South Asian women in crisis; the Institute of Current World Affairs; and Hedgebrook Women Writers Retreat. Pramila has a Masters in Business Administration from Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management, and a B.A. from Georgetown University in English and Economics. She is also the author of Pilgrimage to India: A Woman Revisits Her Homeland (Seal Press, 2000).

Pramila and HFZ Campaign have received several awards and recognitions for its work, including the City of Seattle's 2002 Civil Rights Award, the Washington Bar Association's Access to Justice Community Leadership Award, the Japanese American Citizens League Leadership Award, the Northwest Asian Weekly Foundation's Community Leaders Award, a leadership award from Congressman Jim McDermott, and the Ecumenical Leadership Award from the Washington Association of Churches. In January 2004, Pramila was named one of the top ten Puget Sound regional leaders by the Seattle Times Editorial Board.", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1000", "extent": "02:49:05", "credit": "Courtesy of Densho", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2004-06-03 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-02T15:57:53", "location": "Seattle, Washington", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-jpramila-01", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "156", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1000-156" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1000", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1000" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Pramila Jayapal", "role": "narrator", "id": "173" }, { "namepart": "Alice Ito", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Dana Hoshide", "role": "videographer" } ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-jpramila-01]", "creation": "May 10, 2004", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-156", "narrator_id": "173", "record_created": "2016-11-02T15:57:52" }, { "id": "131", "model": "narrator", "index": "22 72/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/narrators/131/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/131/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/ytosh.jpg", "thumb": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/narrators/ytosh.jpg", "interviews": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/narrator/131/interviews/" }, "display_name": "Tosh Yasutake", "bio": "Nisei male. Born 1922 in Seattle, WA. Father was employed by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service as interpreter for twenty years, until he was separated from family on December 7, 1941, and interned as an enemy alien. Graduated 1941, Cleveland High School, and attended University of Washington before being removed from Seattle with mother, sister and two brothers in 1942. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Worked as hospital attendant and laboratory technician in Minidoka. While incarcerated in Minidoka, volunteered for U.S. Army, March, 1943. Allowed to travel from Minidoka, with sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada, to visit their father, Jack Kaichiro Yasutake, incarcerated at U.S. Department of Justice internment camp in Lordsburg, NM. Mr. Yasutake passed away on December 12, 2016. After basic training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, served in Europe in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team as a medic assigned to Company I, 2nd Platoon. Wounded during combat in southern France, October, 1944. Awarded Bronze Star. After recovery, assigned as a medic to Anti-tank Company, 1st platoon. December, 1945 discharged from the army. After visiting parents and younger brother in Cincinnati and living briefly in New York City, returned to Seattle. Married. Received B.A., Zoology, from University of Washington. Began career in research on fish pathology. Had four children. Received Ph.D in Fish Pathology from the University of Tokyo. Retired in 1988 as Research Histologist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, after 36 years. Continues to serve as a Senior Scientist Emeritus in a volunteer capacity. Dr. W.T. Yasutake is the author of numerous articles published in scholarly journals, and the book, Microscopic Anatomy of Salmonids. He received awards and recognition for his pioneering and outstanding contributions to his professional field.", "middle_name": "", "has_published": "1", "birth_location": "Seattle, Washington", "d_date": "2016-12-12T00:00:00", "ethnicity": "Japanese", "modified": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "created": "2016-12-14T11:15:15", "gender": "M", "b_date": "1922-01-01T00:00:00", "generation": "Nisei", "last_name": "Yasutake", "nr_id": "", "religion": "", "nationality": "US", "notes": "", "first_name": "Tosh", "nickname": "" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1000-136", "model": "entity", "index": "23 73/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-136/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-136/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-yjoe-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-yjoe-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Joe Yasutake Interview", "description": "Nisei male. Born 1932 in Seattle, WA. Father employed by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service as interpreter for twenty years, until separated from family on December 7, 1941 and interned as an enemy alien. Removed from Seattle with mother, sister and two brothers in 1942. Attended school (fifth through sixth grades) while incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho, and U.S. Department of Justice internment camp at Crystal City, TX. Reunited with father, Jack Kaichiro Yasutake, who was transferred from the U.S. Department of Justice internment camp in Lordsburg, NM to Crystal City, TX camp in 1944.

After release from Crystal City camp, moved with parents to Cincinnati, OH,. Moved with parents to Chicago, Illinois where father served as Executive Director of the Chicago Resettlers Committee. After high school graduation, attended Lawrence College in Wisconsin. Graduated from University of Illinois. Commissioned as lieutenant, U.S. Army, 1954, assigned to artillery and served in Germany. Returned to U.S. in 1956, discharged from the army. Married, had three sons. Late wife died in 1984. Was remarried in 1988 and has one stepdaughter.

Received M.A., New York University. Moved to Ohio, employed by U.S. Air Force as psychologist. Received Ph.D. in Industrial Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus OH. Moved to Denver, CO. Retired in 1986 from the U.S. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory. Moved to California, employed by Lockheed. Serves in a volunteer capacity with community organizations, including as president of the Japanese American Museum of San Jose, and speaks at schools to educate students about the experiences of Japanese Americans and loss of constitutional rights during World War II. Also serves as chair of the San Jose Japantown Preservation Committee.

(Joseph Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, William Toshio Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was also interviewed individually on October 9, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.

The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. In addition to Jeni Yamada and videographers Dana Hoshide and John Pai, also present during some portions of the group interview were Tom Ikeda, and Mitsuye Yamada's son Kai Yamada.)", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1000", "extent": "01:20:38", "credit": "Courtesy of Densho", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2003-12-12 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2018-07-09T08:20:31", "location": "Seattle, Washington", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-yjoe-01", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "136", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1000-136" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1000", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1000" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Joe Yasutake", "role": "narrator", "id": "130" }, { "namepart": "Alice Ito", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "John Pai", "role": "videographer" } ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-yjoe-01]", "creation": "October 9, 2002", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-136", "narrator_id": "130", "record_created": "2016-11-02T15:58:17" }, { "id": "ddr-densho-1000-138", "model": "entity", "index": "24 74/75", "links": { "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-densho-1000-138/", "json": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-densho-1000-138/", "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-ytosh-01-a.jpg", "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-densho-1000/denshovh-ytosh-01-a.jpg" }, "title": "Tosh Yasutake Interview", "description": "Nisei male. Born 1922 in Seattle, WA. Father employed by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service as interpreter for twenty years, until separated from family on December 7, 1941 and interned as an enemy alien. Graduated 1941, Cleveland High School, and attended University of Washington before being removed from Seattle with mother, sister and two brothers in 1942. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho. Worked as hospital attendant and laboratory technician in Minidoka. While incarcerated in Minidoka, volunteered for U.S. Army, March, 1943. Allowed to travel from Minidoka, with sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada, to visit their father, Jack Kaichiro Yasutake, incarcerated at U.S. Department of Justice internment camp in Lordsburg, NM.

After basic training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, served in Europe in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team as a medic assigned to Company I, 2nd Platoon. Wounded during combat in southern France, October, 1944. Awarded Bronze Star. After recovery, assigned as a medic to Anti-tank Company, 1st platoon. December, 1945 discharged from the army. After visiting parents and younger brother in Cincinnati and living briefly in New York City, returned to Seattle. Married. Received B.A., Zoology, from University of Washington. Began career in research on fish pathology. Had four children.

Received Ph.D in Fish Pathology from the University of Tokyo. Retired in 1988 as Research Histologist for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, after 36 years. Continues to serve as a Senior Scientist Emeritus in a volunteer capacity. Dr. W.T. Yasutake is the author of numerous articles published in scholarly journals, and the book, Microscopic Anatomy of Salmonids. He has received awards and recognition for his pioneering and outstanding contributions to his professional field.

(William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and jointly, they and other family members had written and gathered material documenting their family history. They shared much of this with me to assist with research and preparation for the Densho interview. Mitsuye's daughter Jeni had coordinated much of the family history work. Jeni participated as a secondary interviewer during the group sessions, October 8-9, 2002.

The group interview sessions were conducted in Seattle at the home of Tom Ikeda, executive director of Densho. The oldest Yasutake sibling, Reverend Seiichi Michael Yasutake, had passed away less than a year before the Densho interviewing, in December, 2001. The remaining siblings emphasized that his absence left a gap in their discussion of family history. In addition to Jeni Yamada and videographers Dana Hoshide and John Pai, also present during some portions of the group interview were Tom Ikeda, and Mitsuye Yamada's son Kai Yamada.)", "organization_id": "ddr-densho", "links_parent": "ddr-densho-1000", "extent": "04:04:06", "credit": "Courtesy of Densho", "format": "vh", "digitize_date": "2004-04-28 00:00:00.0", "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "sort", "title", "description", "creation", "location", "creators", "language", "genre", "format", "extent", "contributor", "alternate_id", "digitize_person", "digitize_organization", "digitize_date", "credit", "rights", "rights_statement", "topics", "persons", "facility", "chronology", "geography", "parent", "signature_id" ], "record_lastmod": "2016-11-02T15:57:54", "location": "Seattle, Washington", "genre": "interview", "status": "completed", "language": [ "eng" ], "digitize_person": "Dana Hoshide", "signature_id": "denshovh-ytosh-01", "digitize_organization": "Densho", "rights": "cc", "lineage": [ { "idpart": "eid", "label": "138", "model": "entity", "id": "ddr-densho-1000-138" }, { "idpart": "cid", "label": "1000", "model": "collection", "id": "ddr-densho-1000" } ], "creators": [ { "namepart": "Tosh Yasutake", "role": "narrator", "id": "131" }, { "namepart": "Alice Ito", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Tom Ikeda", "role": "interviewer" }, { "namepart": "Dana Hoshide", "role": "videographer" } ], "contributor": "Densho", "collection_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "alternate_id": "[denshouid: denshovh-ytosh-01]", "creation": "November 14, 2002", "parent_id": "ddr-densho-1000", "role": "", "links_children": "ddr-densho-1000-138", "narrator_id": "131", "record_created": "2016-11-02T15:58:17" } ], "query": { "query": { "query_string": { "allow_leading_wildcard": false, "default_operator": "AND", "analyze_wildcard": false, "fields": [ "model", "status", "public", "title", "description", "contributor", "creators", "facility", "format", "genre", "geography", "label", "language", "location", "persons", "rights", "topics" ], "query": "New York City, New York" } }, "aggs": { "genre": { "terms": { "field": "genre" } }, "topics": { "nested": { "path": "topics" }, "aggs": { "topics_ids": { "terms": { "size": 1000, "field": "topics.id" } } } }, "facility": { "nested": { "path": "facility" }, "aggs": { "facility_ids": { "terms": { "size": 1000, "field": "facility.id" } } } }, "rights": { "terms": { "field": "rights" } }, "format": { "terms": { "field": "format" } } } }, "aggregations": { "genre": { "key": "doc_count" }, "topics": { "key": "doc_count" }, "facility": { "key": "doc_count" }, "rights": { "key": "doc_count" }, "format": { "key": "doc_count" } } }