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{
    "id": "ddr-csujad-26",
    "model": "collection",
    "collection_id": "ddr-csujad-26",
    "links": {
        "html": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-csujad-26/",
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        "img": "https://ddr.densho.org/media/ddr-csujad-26/ddr-csujad-26-99-mezzanine-0117560527-a.jpg",
        "thumb": "http://192.168.0.30/media/ddr-csujad-26/ddr-csujad-26-99-mezzanine-0117560527-a.jpg",
        "parent": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-csujad/",
        "children": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-csujad-26/children/"
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    "signature_id": "ddr-csujad-26-99-mezzanine-0117560527",
    "title": "UC Santa Barbara Robert Billigmeier Collection",
    "description": "The Robert Billigmeier collection is comprised of materials collected during his work and stay at the Tule Lake incarceration camp conducting research for the University of California’s Japanese Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). The collection includes: photographs taken during his time at Tule Lake; a scrapbook created by students at Tule Lake in 1942; camp publications; reports and manuscripts; and student writings. Several of the reports and manuscripts draw from the personality cards written by students in the Tule Lake incarceration camp.

See complete finding aid at: http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/kt509nf34j/", "breadcrumbs": [ { "model": "collection", "api_url": "http://ddr.densho.org/api/0.2/ddr-csujad-26/", "idpart": "cid", "id": "ddr-csujad-26", "label": "26", "url": "http://ddr.densho.org/ddr-csujad-26/" } ], "scopecontent": "The Robert Billigmeier Collection contains photographs, a scrapbook, published and unpublished documents regarding the Tule Lake incarceration camp from 1942 to 1943. However, the entire collection ranges from 1940 to 1987. Series I contains research reports concerning the organization of Tule Lake and experiences undergone by the students, as seen through the students personality cards. In the personality cards students wrote about their day and their feelings regarding specific topics such as democracy. The series also contains documents written after 1943 such as the monograph, \"Tule Lake in 1976,\" by Robert Billigmeier, \"A Victim of the Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS)\" by Violet Kazue de Cristoforo in 1987 and \"Educational Norms in Japanese Immigrant Communities\" written by Katsuhiko in 1976. Series II contains Tule Lake publications such as the Tri State High Magazine, Tulean Dispatch Magazine and books such as Impounded People: Japanese-Americans in the Relocation Centers, and The Displaced Japanese-Americans previously titled Issei Nisei Kibei in Fortune magazine. Series III contains a scrapbook created by the students at the incarceration camp in 1942. Series IV consists of photographs dating from 1939 to 1952. The photos are from the Tule Lake incarceration camp and of Billigmeiers personal life, including his graduation and family trips.

See complete finding aid at: http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/kt509nf34j/", "acqinfo": "n/a", "userrestrict": "All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of the Department of Special Research Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library.", "language": [ "eng" ], "_fields": [ "id", "record_created", "record_lastmod", "status", "public", "title", "unitdateinclusive", "unitdatebulk", "creators", "extent", "language", "contributor", "description", "physloc", "rights", "accessrestrict", "userrestrict", "prefercite", "bioghist", "scopecontent", "relatedmaterial", "separatedmaterial", "signature_id" ], "public": "1", "role": "", "physloc": "Department of Special Research Collections
UC Santa Barbara Library
Santa Barbara, California 93106-9010
Phone: (805) 893-5749
URL: https://www.library.ucsb.edu/special-collections", "contributor": "Department of Special Research Collections, UC Santa Barbara Library", "prefercite": "[Title of item], Robert Billigmeier Collection, CEMA 60, Department of Special Collections, University Library, University of California, Santa Barbara", "record_created": "2018-04-24T16:01:13", "extent": "2.5 linear feet (4 document boxes and 1 photo box)", "unitdatebulk": "1942-1943", "record_lastmod": "2019-01-28T07:43:47", "relatedmaterial": "Harold S. Jacoby Nisei Collection, Mss27, Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

Japanese American evacuation and resettlement records, BANC MSS 67/14 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.", "bioghist": "Robert Billigmeier (1914-1996) was a UCSB Sociology professor who specialized in the areas of demographics, social movements and European and American ethnic groups. He was very interested in the Romansh Culture. In 1951 he earned his PH.D. on the history of the Romansh Culture from Stanford University. Billigmeier provided many scholarly contributions such as A Crisis in Swiss Pluralism published in 1979. The book provided an extensive analysis on the history of the Raeto Romansh over the past thousand years. He also wrote books about Swiss immigrants in America and German Americans.

In the autumn of 1942 he was employed at the Tule Lake incarceration camp as a field research assistant on the Evacuation and Resettlement Study of the University of California. During his research at Tule Lake he observed the Japanese-American incarcerees and the overall lifestyle at the incarceration camps. Twenty-four years later, 1976, he worked on a monograph of Tule Lake which includes diary excerpts, short essays and letters by Japanese-American high school students written in the Tule Lake incarceration camp.

Billigmeier was also actively involved in the UCSB, Santa Barbara and Switzerland communities. At UCSB he was the foreign student advisor from 1955 to 1963, associate director for the Education Abroad Program from 1964 to 1976 and member and supporter of the Faculty Club. In Santa Barbara he worked for international cooperation, fair housing and family planning. While visiting Swizerland he became involved with community organizations for the preservation of the Romansh culture.", "unitdateinclusive": "1940-1987", "rights": "nocc", "status": "completed" }